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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... archaeological material, geography, microorganisms in the soil, vegetation, land use, soil chemistry, soil physical properties, and the presence or absence of water and air. This article discusses the key environmental variables that affect the corrosion of buried metal artifacts. These include water (including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... factors that cause corrosion on metal artifacts, which include water, temperature fluctuations, pollutants, local conditions of acidity or alkalinity, vegetation, and animals. The corrosion processes experienced by five common metals, such as copper alloys, iron alloys, lead, zinc, and aluminum, used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... variants of the glycerol-diacid reaction, finding that modification with oils derived from vegetable and fish oils provided the resins with solvent solubility and flexibility ( Ref 4 ). These oil-modified polyester resins were well suited for use as binders in paints. Kienle applied for a U.S. patent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... with Vegetable Oil and PAO Blends,” STLE Annual Meeting , May 8, 2007 ( Philadelphia, PA ) 32. Carpenter J.F. , “Assessment of Environmental Impact of PAOs,” presented at the STLE Annual Meeting , May 17–20, 1993 ( Calgary ) 33. Galli R.D. , Cupples B.L. , and Rutherford...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... resistance per square foot of water penetrating into an applied film over years of immersion are shown in Fig. 2 and 3 , respectively. Coal tar, as the name implies, is derived from coal found as a compact stratified layer of vegetation and/or algae interspersed with smaller amounts of inorganic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... on the Tribological Performance of Two Vegetable-Based Lubricants , J. Synth. Lubr ., Vol 24 , 2007 , p 101 – 110 10.1002/jsl.32 48. Reeves C.J. , Menezes P.L. , Jen T.-C. , and Lovell M.R. , The Influence of Fatty Acids on Tribological and Thermal Properties of Natural Oils...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... low cost Sulfur-resistant oleo-resinous (added ZnO) Good Good Vegetables and soups (especially can ends or as topcoat over epoxy phenolic) Not for use with acid products; possible intense green color with such vegetables as spinach Phenolic (phenol or substituted phenol with formaldehyde...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... wear strips for belt sanders; dies for extruding copper, for extruding molybdenum tubing, and for hot swaging tungsten rod; burnishing rolls; internal chuck jaws; drill bushings; and knives for slicing fruits, vegetables, and meat. ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., vegetable, or animal oil; aqueous polymer solution; or an aqueous (salt) solution. Other quenching media include molten salt, fluidized bed, or gas, although forced air is sometimes used. As a result of the quenching process, production parts must develop an acceptable as-quenched microstructure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in contact with cadmium. UNALLOYED TITANIUM is highly resistant to corrosion by many natural environments, including seawater, body fluids, and fruit and vegetable juices. Titanium is used extensively for handling salt solutions (including chlorides, hypochlorides, sulfates, and sulfides), wet chlorine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... compounds found in sugars, limes, vegetable oils, and nuts. Optical microscopy techniques were used to gain insight into the morphology of this bamboo fiber composite system and the matrix-fiber interactions. In Fig. 5 , there are many areas in the composite that were not impregnated by the resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... surface and form a counterproductive film. Saponification is limited to the removal of fats or other organic compounds that react chemically with alkaline salts. Fatty compounds, both animal and vegetable, react with the alkaline cleaner salts in the cleaning solution to form water-soluble soaps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... contamination of food products by corrosion of stainless steel has been a concern for a long time. This potential food contamination issue had been addressed as early as 1961 ( Ref 15 , 16 ). It was found that when an 18Cr-15Ni stainless steel utensil was used for cooking fruits, vegetables, poultry, rice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... experienced with diene rubbers. The swelling resistance of CR to mineral, vegetable, and animal oils is also better than the nonpolar diene-based rubbers. Chloroprene rubber has good resistance to paraffinic and naphthenic oils of high molecular weight but swells extensively in aromatic oils of low molecular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... with the following issues for emergency purposes: Location and operation of safety devices (check valves, pressure-relief valves, removal of vegetation) Piping arrangement of the gases/liquids Factors that can cause the product to leak Maximum pressure that the bulk source can safely withstand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... among different shops. Typical lubricants for bending specific metals are listed in Table 2 . Typical lubricants for bending various metals Table 2 Typical lubricants for bending various metals Work metal Lubricant Low-carbon steel Water-soluble, vegetable-oil based drawing oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... , Computational Mechanics—New Trends and Applications , CD-Book, Part VI, Section 1, Paper 16 ( Barcelona, Spain ), 1998 68. Kobasko N.I. , de Souza E.C. , Canale L.C.F. , and Totten G.E. , Vegetable Oil Quenchants: Calculation and Comparison of the Cooling Properties of a Series...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., the particle size of the same abrasive or the quantity of binder may be increased. Modern compounds use water-soluble binders. The lubricant used in the binder generally has a mineral, animal, or vegetable base. ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... creates new demands on engine technology. A couple of methods have been developed to modify vegetable oils, such as cotton, corn, sunflower, rapeseed (canola), and pongamia, to make them suitable for use in diesel engines. The most important of these methods is transesterification, whereby glycerin...