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vapor phase nitriding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... treatment processes, surface soil removal, blast cleaning, chemical descaling, pickling or etching, anodizing, autoclaving, polishing, buffing, vapor phase nitriding, and electroplating. Applications of these surface treatment processes are also reviewed. Selected References Selected References...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Typical deposition temperatures for thermal and plasma chemical vapor deposition Table 1 Typical deposition temperatures for thermal and plasma chemical vapor deposition Material Deposition temperature Thermal CVD Plasma CVD °C °F °C °F Silicon nitride 900 1650 300 570...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., corrosion resistance, and other properties. This article discusses the fundamentals of sintering and its effects on pore structures and particle density. It addresses some of the more common sintering methods, including solid-state, liquid-phase, and gas pressure sintering, and presents alternative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... surface hardening and diffusion coatings such as carburizing, nitriding, and carbonitriding. The article also tabulates typical characteristics of carburizing, nitriding, and carbonitriding diffusion treatments. carbonitriding carburizing chemical vapor deposition diffusion coatings electro...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... on the identity of the starting material. This structure was previously known as S-phase (see the section “Low-Temperature Nitriding and Nitrocarburizing” in this article). Fig. 1 Micrograph (left) of a nitrocarburized C45 (courtesy of IWT Bremen, Germany) and schematic view (middle) of a nitrided layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ). The structure of coatings deposited from the vapor phase is controlled as much by the nucleation of the coatings as by the way in which they subsequently grow. One feature common to vapor-deposited coatings is that solid material is distributed in an array of fairly closely packed columns that run perpendicular...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... surface by a chemical reaction from the vapor or gas phase. In general, three processing steps are involved in any CVD reaction: (1) the production of a volatile carrier compound, (2) the transport of the gas to the deposition site without decomposition, and (3) the chemical reaction necessary to produce...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of a solid on a heated surface by a chemical reaction from the vapor or gas phase. In general, three processing steps are involved in any CVD reaction: (1) the production of a volatile carrier compound, (2) the transport of the gas to the deposition site without decomposition, and (3) the chemical reaction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.9781627081665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... and Disadvantages of Sputter Coating Applications for Sputter Coatings Gaseous Carburization Pack Carburization Salt Bath Carburizing Nitriding processes are performed at temperatures below the formation of the austenite phase, and hardening occurs by means of a fine-scale dispersion of nitrides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...: Ref 24 Fig. 7 Weight loss of chemical vapor deposited SiC in a fuel-lean high-pressure burner rig with gas velocities of 20 m/s (790 in./s). Adapted from Ref 31 Fig. 11 Calculated phase diagram for Na 2 O-SiO 2 showing phases as a function of Na 2 O activity and absolute...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... E.F. and Adams C.M. , Vapor Coated Surfaces for Brazing Ceramics , Weld. J. , Vol 47 ( No. 3 ), 1968 , p 106s - 114s 34. Santella M.L. , Brazing of Titanium-Vapor-Coated Silicon Nitride , Adv. Ceram. Mater. , Vol 3 ( No. 5 ), 1988 , p 457 – 462 35. Ramsey M.J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... For example, detailed observation by Cao of phase transformation in chromium nitride formation showed that most chromium nitride coatings grew on the surface, but chromium atoms also diffuse deeper into substrates to nucleate chromium nitride ( Ref 19 ). It has been observed that, during coating growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coating on a cobalt-enriched cemented carbide insert Fig. 8 Diamond coating on a cemented carbide insert Fig. 3 Chemical vapor deposition coatings. (a) Cemented carbide insert with TiC coating. Note eta phase at the coating-substrate interface. (b) 73WC-19(Ti,Ta,Nb)C-8Co alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Infiltration Directed Oxidation (Lanxide) Process In Situ Chemical Reaction Techniques Sol-Gel Techniques Polymer Infiltration and Pyrolysis Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis Electrophoretic Deposition Chemical Vapor Infiltration (CVI) Reactive Consolidation or Liquid Phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... , Weld. J. , Vol 47 ( No. 3 ), 1968 , p 106-s to 114-s 39. Santella M.L. , Brazing of Titanium-Vapor-Coated Silicon Nitride , Adv. Ceram. Mater. , Vol 3 ( No. 5 ), 1988 , p 457 – 462 10.1111/j.1551-2916.1988.tb00256.x 40. Ramsey M.J. and Lewis M.H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... with a β-phase microstructure maintain hydrogen in solid solution, which minimizes embrittlement but results in a lower hardening tendency ( Ref 21 ). Tribological properties of plasma-nitrided titanium alloys are very impressive. Low coefficients of friction (0.05 to 0.08) and low wear rates have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... nitride blanks can be mounted to suitable substrates to form ultrahard cutting edges and tools. cubic boron nitride, synthetic diamond, superabrasive grains, ultrahard tool materials THE PRINCIPAL superhard materials are found as phases in the boron-carbon-nitrogen-silicon family of elements...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... temperature; ARE, activated reactive evaporation; T m , absolute melting temperature. (a) Compounds: oxides, nitrides, carbides, silicides, and borides of Al, B, Cr, Hf, Mo, Nb, Ni, Re, Si, Ta, Ti, V, W, Zr Originally PVD was used to deposit single metal elements by transport of a vapor...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of the coating. The steps in deposition occur as follows: Synthesis of the material deposited (transition from a condensed state, solid or liquid, to the vapor phase, or, for deposition of compounds, reaction between the components of the compound, some of which may be introduced into the chamber as a gas...