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vapor degreasing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Solvent cleaning is a surface preparation process that can be accomplished in room temperature baths (cold cleaning ) or by condensing vapors of a solvent on a workpiece (vapor degreasing). This article provides a detailed discussion on solvents, equipment, process limitations and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract The chemicals that have been used in traditional vapor degreasing have serious health and environmental hazards that have prompted the search for modified and alternative techniques. This article provides a detailed discussion on the regulatory mandates that affect the use of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... compounds from magnetic particle and fluorescent penetrant inspection. The cleaning processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides guidelines for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... provides an overview of the various types of stainless steels and describes the commonly used cleaning methods, namely, alkaline cleaning, emulsion cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, ultrasonic cleaning, and acid cleaning. Finishing operations of stainless steels, such as grinding, polishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... proprietary. Generally, scrap of known analysis is fed into an electric furnace and melted, and impurities such as oil, grease, and plastic coatings burn off. Volatile metals such as lead or zinc also vaporize and can be collected as baghouse dust. Refractory elements such as chromium or tungsten can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... information on sliding friction and wear behavior of unbonded, bonded, and vapor-deposited pure and composite MoS 2 and WS 2 coatings. It discusses the rolling-torque behavior and applications of vapor-deposited pure and composite MoS 2 and WS 2 coatings. The article concludes with information on various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... galvanic interactions between uranium, its alloys, and other metals. The article provides information on the atmospheric corrosion of uranium based on oxidation in dry air or oxygen, water vapor, and oxygen-water vapor mixtures depending upon particular storage conditions. The mechanism and morphology of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... operations may be removed by a number of techniques. Alkaline or emulsion cleaners used in simple soak tanks or with ultrasonic cleaning, acetone or trichloroethylene solvent washing, or vapor degreasing and detergents are all widely used. For light soil removal, hand wiping is done with solvents such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... accomplished by many different processes. Some of the more common processes include a variety of chemical cleaning methods such as the application of solvents, aqueous cleaners, and acids by soaking or spraying; steam and flame cleaning methods; vapor degreasing; and ultrasonic cleaning. In addition, some of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... washing, or vapor degreasing is generally applied. Diffusion treatments, as the name suggests, require sufficient time at temperature to allow significant atomic mobility to occur. Because the process temperature usually affects the bulk of the component to be treated, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of other coating elements, parts should be handled with clean gloves or plastic-tipped tongs. If contaminated, parts must be vapor degreased just before packing for the next coating cycle. When a second coating cycle is not required, the coated parts may be subjected to a high temperature (about...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... applied to power-washed or vapor-degreased substrates at low film thickness (5 to 10 μm) prior to priming and/or topcoating. Adhesion is provided by the chlorinated polypropylene. Other polymers have been reported to provide good adhesion to TPO, but they apparently have not found widespread use ( Ref 36...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... fumes can condense on critical parts of the assembly. Either solvent or alkaline degreasing is recommended for the cleaning of oily or greasy surfaces. Of the solvent degreasing methods, the vapor condensation of the trichloroethylene-type solvents probably minimizes residual film on the surface. In...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... discussion on corrosion of bulk vapor-deposited alloys and magnesium-matrix composites. corrosion fatigue corrosion protection corrosion resistance galvanic corrosion localized corrosion magnesium alloys magnesium-matrix composites stress-corrosion LOW DENSITY and high strength-to-weight...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-temperature baths or by use of vapor degreasing techniques. Room-temperature solvent cleaning is referred to as cold cleaning. Vapor degreasing is the process in which parts are solvent cleaned by condensing solvent vapors of a nonflammable solvent on the workpieces. EMULSION CLEANING is a process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... manufacturers and surface treaters are now using immersion cleaning technologies rather than solvent-based vapor degreasing. The use of ultrasonics enables the cleaning of intricately shaped parts with an effectiveness that corresponds to that achieved by vapor degreasing. Additional information about the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... articles “Environmental Regulation of Surface Engineering,” “Vapor Degreasing Alternatives,” and “Compliant Wipe Solvent Cleaners” in the same volume of ASM Handbook . References 1. Haase B. , Stiles M. , Haasner T. , and Walter A. , Formation of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... wet blasting) methods can be used, chemical removal methods are used more often to remove metallic contaminants. A typical procedure for chemically removing iron, zinc, and thin films of lead is to first perform vapor degreasing or alkaline cleaning, and then immerse the parts in a 1:1 solution (by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... curtailment schedule that will either limit or prohibit the use of certain materials in the future. The article “Solvent Cold Cleaning and Vapor Degreasing” in this Volume provides additional information about these cleaners. Table 1 U.S. regulations related to curtailment in the use of solvent...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... chromate conversion coatings, as well as alternatives to vapor degreasing and wipe solvent cleaners. ...