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vapor degreasing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract Solvent cleaning is a surface preparation process that can be accomplished in room temperature baths (cold cleaning ) or by condensing vapors of a solvent on a workpiece (vapor degreasing). This article provides a detailed discussion on solvents, equipment, process limitations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract The chemicals that have been used in traditional vapor degreasing have serious health and environmental hazards that have prompted the search for modified and alternative techniques. This article provides a detailed discussion on the regulatory mandates that affect the use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and lapping compounds from magnetic particle and fluorescent penetrant inspection. The cleaning processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... This article provides an overview of the various types of stainless steels and describes the commonly used cleaning methods, namely, alkaline cleaning, emulsion cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, ultrasonic cleaning, and acid cleaning. Finishing operations of stainless steels, such as grinding...
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
on blank, in a press brake. Vapor degrease, to remove lubricant used in operations 1 and 2. Roll cylinder, in three-roll former. Weld cylinder seam, in automatic Heliarc setup using starting and stop-off tabs. Trim tabs. Hammer weld to induce compressive stress, using an air hammer at 310 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for plating Removal of pigmented drawing compounds (a) Occasional or intermittent Hot emulsion hand slush, spray emulsion in single stage, vapor slush degrease (b) Boiling alkaline, blow off, hand wipe Vapor slush degrease, hand wipe Acid clean (c) Hot emulsion hand slush, spray emulsion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and surface treaters are now using immersion cleaning technologies rather than solvent-based vapor degreasing. The use of ultrasonics enables the cleaning of intricately shaped parts with an effectiveness that corresponds to that achieved by vapor degreasing. Additional information about the regulation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... in the articles “Environmental Regulation of Surface Engineering,” “Vapor Degreasing Alternatives,” and “Compliant Wipe Solvent Cleaners” in the same volume of ASM Handbook . Surface Contaminants on Heat Treated Parts Before heat treating, the workpieces are treated in various ways: machining...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Acid Cleaning Acid cleaning may be used alone or in conjunction with other acid, alkaline, or solvent cleaning systems. Vapor degreasing and alkaline cleaning may be required for removal of heavy oils and grease from workpieces before they are immersed in an acid bath. One of the main functions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and cutting fluids, must be removed by solvents or soaps. The article “Solvent Cold Cleaning and Vapor Degreasing” in the Section “Surface Cleaning” of this Volume describes those contaminants and the procedures that must be used to remove them. The Section “Environmental Protection Issues” contains...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) methods can be used, chemical removal methods are used more often to remove metallic contaminants. A typical procedure for chemically removing iron, zinc, and thin films of lead is to first perform vapor degreasing or alkaline cleaning, and then immerse the parts in a 1:1 solution (by volume) of nitric...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... specific processes that can be used to replace cadmium coatings, chromium coatings, and chromate conversion coatings, as well as alternatives to vapor degreasing and wipe solvent cleaners. Selected References Selected References • Corrosion Protection Methods , Corrosion , Vol 13 , ASM Handbook...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of die castings or the forming of wrought zinc or zinc-coated steel, the parts are cleaned to remove finishing compounds, forming lubricants, and general shop and handling soils. Traditionally, the first step in the cleaning process is solvent degreasing, vapor degreasing, or emulsion cleaning. Solvent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... with a curtailment schedule that will either limit or prohibit the use of certain materials in the future. The article “Solvent Cold Cleaning and Vapor Degreasing” in this Volume provides additional information about these cleaners. U.S. regulations related to curtailment in the use of solvent materials Table...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... of degreasing include steam cleaning, alkaline cleaning, vapor degreasing, and solvent cleaning. For vapor degreasing, toluene rather than a chlorinated solvent should be used, because residues from chlorinated solvents (and also from silicated solvents) may contribute to cracking of titanium weldments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., including vapor degreasing, solvent cleaning, alkaline cleaning, and emulsion cleaning. Some details of various processes are given below. The organic solvents generally used are trichloroethylene or, occasionally, perchloroethylene. Degreasing is effected by placing the articles in the hot liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
.... Common solvents include: Methyl ethyl ketone, acetone, or other solvents Acid-based cleaners, such as acetic, phosphoric, or other acids Alkaline cleaners, such as polyphosphates, orthosilicates, and other cleaning agents Vapor degreasing processes are commonly used to efficiently clean...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... as simple manual soaks, sprays, or by suspending the parts in a hot vapor of the aforementioned chemicals, commonly referred to as a vapor degreasing process. In conjunction with these processes, anodic and cathodic electrolytic cleaning can be used. Other cleaning methods include alkaline-based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., the former of which is more popular. Chemical methods include alkaline detergents, solvents, vapor degreasing, and acid pickling. Mechanical methods include dry or wet abrasive blast cleaning, wire brushing, machining, or grinding. The selected cleaning method must provide a chemical match to the contaminant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and inert materials are removed by one or both of these processes. To remove undesirable materials by saponification, emulsification, or similar means, it is necessary to use particular chemicals or combinations of chemicals. Solvent Cleaning and Vapor Degreasing Solvent cleaning of copper alloys...