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vanadium binary system

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data vanadium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where vanadium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data tungsten binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where tungsten is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data rhenium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where rhenium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data rhodium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where rhodium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data phase data ruthenium binary system THIS ARTICLE includes systems where ruthenium is the first-named...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data hafnium binary system phase data THIS ARTICLE includes systems where hafnium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data palladium binary system phase data THIS ARTICLE includes systems where palladium is the first-named...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... system, a table of crystallographic data is provided that includes the composition, Pearson symbol, space group, and prototype for each phase. binary phase diagrams crystallographic data gallium binary system phase data THIS ARTICLE includes systems where gallium is the first-named element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... exist as a solid, liquid, and/or gas, depending on the specific combination of temperature and pressure. It describes the accomplishment of conversion between weight percentage and atomic percentage in a binary system by the use of formulas. The article analyzes the effects of alloying on melting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... rule applies to all states of matter, solid, liquid, and gaseous, but when the effect of pressure is constant, the rule reduces to: f = c − p + 1 The stable equilibria for binary systems are summarized as follows: No. of components No. of phases Degrees of freedom Equilibrium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... steels contain ferrite-stabilizing elements (such as silicon, chromium, molybdenum, and vanadium) and/or austenite stabilizers (such as manganese and nickel). The diagram for the binary iron-chromium system is representative of the effect of a ferrite stabilizer ( Fig. 37 ). At temperatures just below...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... tetragonal DO 23 structure has a lattice mismatch of 2.91% ( Ref 30 ). Holl ( Ref 24 ) found that chromium, vanadium, manganese, and zirconium increase quench sensitivity of these alloy systems, with chromium showing the greatest effect. Silicon and iron also increase the quench sensitivity and should be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... The first group includes the transition metal-metal binary alloy systems, such as copper-zirconium, nickel-titanium, and nickel-niobium, as well as binary alloys in the aluminum-refractory metal and Al-TM type. The second class consists of TM-metalloid alloys. These alloys are usually iron-, nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... (shown using solid lines in Fig. 1 ) represents conditions that are metastable with respect to the true equilibrium in the iron-carbon system (where graphite is thermodynamically stable), cementite is the carbon-rich phase that is present in most commercial steels. Heating a ferrous alloy into the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...). Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Eutectic points and carbon saturation contents in iron melts: (a) in the iron-carbon binary system, and (b) for a melt with 2% Si, 0.5% Mn, 0.1% S, and 0.1% P. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 6 Damping curves for cast steel, nodular cast graphite, and cast iron with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... for geometries that are laterally invariable. This is guaranteed, in principle, for the binary iron-nitrogen system; if the two nitrides ϵ and γ′ occur in the compound layer upon nitriding an α-Fe substrate, then the ϵ phase is present as a sublayer on top of a γ′ sublayer, on top of the α-Fe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article discusses the five basic matrix structures in cast irons: ferrite, pearlite, bainite, martensite, and austenite. The alloying elements, used to enhance the corrosion resistance of cast irons, including silicon, nickel, chromium, copper, molybdenum, vanadium, and titanium...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Titanium (s) 0.038 −7440 − 10.75 T Vanadium (s) 0.1 −4950 − 10.90 T Tungsten (s) 1.2 7500 − 15.20 T Zirconium (s) 0.043 −8300 − 11.95 T Detailed equilibrium diagrams of the Fe-C-B, Fe-C-Cr, Fe-C-Cu, Fe-C-Mn, Fe-C-Mo, Fe-C-N, Fe-C-Ni, Fe-C-Si, and Fe-C-W systems are available in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005896
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... concentration of alloying elements equal to approximately 50% of the atomic weight. An increase in ρ as a function of composition for complex alloys (e.g., binary and ternary systems) can be significant. The magnitude of such increase can exceed 500% in some cases ( Ref 14 , 17 ). In most cases, however...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... Abstract The solidification of hypoeutectic cast iron starts with the nucleation and growth of austenite dendrites, while that of hypereutectic iron starts with the crystallization of primary graphite in the stable system or cementite in the metastable system. This article begins with a...