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unsymmetric plates

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the unique characteristics of composites and laminated plates, including orthotropic, anisotropic, and unsymmetric plates. It discusses stability issues associated with practical, structural laminates based on the finite stack effects and transverse shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... explains the development of the relations between mid-surface strains and curvatures and membrane stress and moment resultants. The article discusses the properties, such as thermal expansion, moisture expansion, and conductivity, of symmetric laminates and unsymmetric laminates. It describes the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract Bending is a common metalworking operation to create localized deformation in sheets (or blanks), plates, sections, tubes, and wires. This article emphasizes on the bending of sheet metal along with some coverage on flanging. It informs that variations in the bending stresses cause...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... products are divided into flat-rolled products (sheet, plate, and foil); rod, bar, and wire; tubular products; shapes; and forgings. The article discusses factors affecting the strengthening mechanisms, fracture toughness, and physical properties of aluminum alloys, in addition to the effects of alloying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... Sci. , Vol 17 , 1975 , p 31 10.1016/0020-7403(75)90061-2 9. Sidebottom O.M. and Gebhardt C.F. , Elastic Springback in Plates and Beams Formed by Bending , Exp. Mech. , Vol 19 , 1979 , p 371 – 377 10.1007/BF02324252 Elastic analysis of bending deformation can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Thickness in. Tensile strength Tensile yield strength From To From To MPa ksi MPa ksi 1060 H12 B209, sheet and plate 0.43 50 0.017 2.0 75 11 60 9 1060 H12 B210, drawn tube 0.25 12.5 0.010 0.50 70 10 30 4 1060 H14 B209, sheet and plate 0.23 25 0.009 1.0 85...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.9781627082105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Nature of the Fiber/Resin Interface , Tough Composite Materials , NASA Langley, Noyes Publishing , 1985 , p 192 4. Muser C. and Hoff N.J. , Stress Concentrations in Cylindrically Orthotropic Plates with Radial Variation of the Compliances , Progress in Science and Engineering of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... producing traditional fuselage structures of aircrafts ( Ref 2 ). High strength aluminum alloy rolled plate is used for wing and stabilizer skins. Both ease of formability at room temperature and its light weight are two advantages to using aluminum in aerospace applications. Fig. 1 Body-in-white...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of a number of fine- or coarse-mesh gauzes supported on a breaker plate and placed between the screw and the die, filters out dirt and other foreign material. Meanwhile, the pressure on the molten plastic forces it through an adapter and into the die, which dictates the shape of the final extrudate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... and roll finish also contribute to the surface finish obtained in contour roll forming. Chromium-plated steel rolls or aluminum bronze rolls are best for preserving work metal finish. Lubrication is preferred in contour roll forming and has a significant effect on work metal finish. When lubricants...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ASTM and UNS alloy designations. Wrought magnesium alloys are produced as bars, billets, shapes, wires, sheet, plate, and forgings. Table 5 gives nominal compositions of these alloys. Tensile properties for both wrought and cast alloys are listed in Table 4 . ASTM specifications for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... 226,400 236,000 251,200 (a) Includes sand, permanent mold, investment, and plaster castings. (b) Includes extrusions, forgings, sheet, plate, and photoengraving stock. (c) Grignard reaction or pyrotechnic applications. (d) Cast or extruded anodes and batteries. (e) Shipments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Macro Mechanics of Crack Growth , TMS-AIME , 1982 , p 137 – 147 32. Kaufman J.G. , Bogardus K.O. , Mauney D.A. , and Malcolm R.C. , Creep Cracking in 2219-T851 Plate at Elevated Temperatures , Mechanics of Crack Growth , STP 590, ASTM , 1976 , p 149 – 168 33...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 260 °C (500 °F) undergoes a loss of toughness ( Fig. 18 ) that is associated with the formation of carbide films around prior martensite plates. Alloy steels undergo temper brittleness or a reduction in toughness that occurs when the steel is tempered in (or slowly cooled through) the temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001750
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... 1 and A 2 . A proton magnetometer can be used to calibrate the magnet scan to provide accurate line positions and spacings for determining these quantities. If symmetric, the curve will usually be Lorentzian or Gaussian in shape ( Fig. 5 ). An unsymmetric shape is characteristic of an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... water contained caustic soda (NaOH) or the boiler water chemistry was conducive to the formation of caustic soda ( Ref 4 ). In their 1926 paper, “The Cause and Prevention of Embrittlement of Boiler Plate,” researchers at the University of Illinois Engineering Experiment Station concluded, “The results...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., indentations should not be made too close to the edge of the workpiece being tested. Lack of sufficient supporting material on one side of the workpiece will cause the resulting indentation to be large and unsymmetrical. It is generally agreed that the error in a Brinell hardness number is negligible if the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005967
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... quenching, such as grain size ( Fig. 11 ), austenitizing conditions, martensite morphology after quenching (plate, acicular, or ultrafine), and retained austenite play a significant role in quenching failures. For example, the finer the grain size of steel, the higher its yield strength and the greater its...