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unsaturated polyesters

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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 10 General chemistry of unsaturated polyesters. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 12 Copolymerization of unsaturated polyester resins More
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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 13 Preparation and curing reactions of an unsaturated polyester. Source: Ref 6 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on polyester coating applications such as powder coatings, can coatings, and automotive paints. It includes an overview, structure, properties, and benefits of vinyl ester resins. The article discusses the additives for both unsaturated polyester...
Book Chapter

By Tim Pepper
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the various types of unsaturated polyester resins and low-profile additives. The resins include general-purpose resins, isophthalic resins, bisphenol A fumarate resins, chlorendic resins, and vinyl ester resin. The article describes the mechanical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the general and family characteristics of thermosetting resin families, including allyls, aminos (urea formaldehyde and melamine formaldehyde), cyanates, epoxies, polybenzimidazoles, unsaturated polyesters, thermoset polyimides, phenolics, and vinyl esters. It also explains processing methods, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... deposited by evaporation of water, a class of coatings called water-borne coatings. The coatings that chemically cross link by copolymerization, including epoxies, unsaturated polyesters, urethanes, high-temperature curing silicones, and phenolic linings, are also described. hardening autooxidative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and spray-up process. Workmanship for hand lay-up and spray-up processes is reviewed. The article provides information on the matrix-resin materials used for open molding, including unsaturated polyester resins, epoxy vinyl ester resins, and reinforcements. It explains the component design and short...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) Parts consolidation Weight reduction Material Components With an unsaturated polyester resin system as its base, the resin paste incorporates other materials for desirable processing and molding characteristics and optimum physical and mechanical properties. Glass fiber reinforcements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... phr, parts per hundred parts resin Pittsburgh smoke toxicity test results for selected resins Table 2 Pittsburgh smoke toxicity test results for selected resins Material LC 50 (a) , g Phenolic 86.5 Unsaturated polyester 34.0 Halogenated polyester 9.1 Epoxy 23.0...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...), the remaining thermosets constituted 12.1% of the total. Recycling of the phenolic, urea, epoxy, and unsaturated polyester (UPE) thermosets by solvolysis does not appear to be practical in the foreseeable future. This leaves approximately 4 × 10 9 kg (9 × 10 9 lb) of step-growth polymers, or 12% of the total...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and Fiber-Resin Composites Thermoset polyesters are low-temperature resins generally produced from the reaction of an organic alcohol (glycol) with both a saturated (isophthalic) and an unsaturated (maleic or fumaric) organic acid ( Ref 1 , 8 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... are listed in Table 4 . Polyesters Of the wide variety of polyester resins commercially available, those most commonly used are alkyd and unsaturated polyesters. These resins can be combined with monomers, such as styrene, to form a cross-linked matrix. Both alkyd and unsaturated polyester matrices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...) with both a saturated (isophthalic) and an unsaturated (maleic or fumaric) organic acid. The polyester is then dissolved in a liquid reactive monomer such as styrene, and the solutions are sold as polyester resins. Some polyesters are supplied as pellets or granular solids, and some are premixed with glass...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... these are high-temperature performance, corrosion resistance, dielectric properties, flammability, and thermal conductivity. Unsaturated Polyester Resins Unsaturated polyester resins are most commonly used in pultrusion. Orthophthalic, isophthalic, and terephthalic acids or anhydrides, in combination...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Components With an unsaturated polyester resin system as its base, the resin paste incorporates other materials for desirable processing and molding characteristics and optimal physical and mechanical properties. Glass-fiber reinforcements improve the performance of polyester by upgrading mechanical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on fiberglass reinforced polyester resin. When better corrosion resistance is required, vinyl ester resins are used and represent the next largest product segment. Both of these resin types are also available as flame-retardant versions. When a combination of superior mechanical and electrical properties...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... for wet lay-up. Polyesters Polyesters are based on reacting a mixture of acid anhydrides, acids, unsaturated anhydrides, and alcohols. The nature of the acid or anhydride constituent exerts an influence on the properties of the final part. Table 2 lists various components and their applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and to air harden it. From this combination of alcohol and acid came the term alkyd , with the letter k employed to give the desired phonics. An oil-free alkyd is essentially a polyester (see the article “ Polyester and Vinyl Ester Coatings ” in this Volume), whereas the alkyds discussed...