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unsaturated polyester resins

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Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 12 Copolymerization of unsaturated polyester resins More
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 15 Structure of unsaturated polyester resins. (a) Phthalate esters, (b) Bisphenol A/fumarate resins More
Book Chapter

By Tim Pepper
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the various types of unsaturated polyester resins and low-profile additives. The resins include general-purpose resins, isophthalic resins, bisphenol A fumarate resins, chlorendic resins, and vinyl ester resin. The article describes the mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and spray-up process. Workmanship for hand lay-up and spray-up processes is reviewed. The article provides information on the matrix-resin materials used for open molding, including unsaturated polyester resins, epoxy vinyl ester resins, and reinforcements. It explains the component design and short...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article provides a discussion on polyester coating applications such as powder coatings, can coatings, and automotive paints. It includes an overview, structure, properties, and benefits of vinyl ester resins. The article discusses the additives for both unsaturated polyester...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the general and family characteristics of thermosetting resin families, including allyls, aminos (urea formaldehyde and melamine formaldehyde), cyanates, epoxies, polybenzimidazoles, unsaturated polyesters, thermoset polyimides, phenolics, and vinyl esters. It also explains processing methods, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... cross-linked resins thermoplastic resins cross-linked thermosetting resins alkyd resins epoxy esters lacquers water-borne coatings epoxies unsaturated polyesters urethane coatings high-temperature curing silicones phenolic linings organic coatings polyurea coatings PAINTS OR LININGS...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...) Parts consolidation Weight reduction Material Components With an unsaturated polyester resin system as its base, the resin paste incorporates other materials for desirable processing and molding characteristics and optimum physical and mechanical properties. Glass fiber reinforcements...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... these are high-temperature performance, corrosion resistance, dielectric properties, flammability, and thermal conductivity. Unsaturated Polyester Resins Unsaturated polyester resins are most commonly used in pultrusion. Orthophthalic, isophthalic, and terephthalic acids or anhydrides, in combination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... are listed in Table 4 . Polyesters Of the wide variety of polyester resins commercially available, those most commonly used are alkyd and unsaturated polyesters. These resins can be combined with monomers, such as styrene, to form a cross-linked matrix. Both alkyd and unsaturated polyester matrices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on fiberglass reinforced polyester resin. When better corrosion resistance is required, vinyl ester resins are used and represent the next largest product segment. Both of these resin types are also available as flame-retardant versions. When a combination of superior mechanical and electrical properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Components With an unsaturated polyester resin system as its base, the resin paste incorporates other materials for desirable processing and molding characteristics and optimal physical and mechanical properties. Glass-fiber reinforcements improve the performance of polyester by upgrading mechanical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and Fiber-Resin Composites Thermoset polyesters are low-temperature resins generally produced from the reaction of an organic alcohol (glycol) with both a saturated (isophthalic) and an unsaturated (maleic or fumaric) organic acid ( Ref 1 , 8 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... phr, parts per hundred parts resin Pittsburgh smoke toxicity test results for selected resins Table 2 Pittsburgh smoke toxicity test results for selected resins Material LC 50 (a) , g Phenolic 86.5 Unsaturated polyester 34.0 Halogenated polyester 9.1 Epoxy 23.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...) with both a saturated (isophthalic) and an unsaturated (maleic or fumaric) organic acid. The polyester is then dissolved in a liquid reactive monomer such as styrene, and the solutions are sold as polyester resins. Some polyesters are supplied as pellets or granular solids, and some are premixed with glass...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Vinyl Esters Vinyl esters shrink less and are more chemically resistant than the polyester family. They are prepared by reaction of an unsaturated acid or anhydride with an epoxy. As in the case of polyesters, this resin is too viscous to be easily handled, and the same types of reactive diluents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in this article are oil modified. The reaction basic to all polyester resins, including alkyds, is a condensation reaction of carboxyl groups with hydroxyl groups, eliminating water and forming an ester. The ester group (-O-C=O-) provides the name for the polyester (many esters) in the reaction product...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the types, properties, and uses of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites, including glass, carbon, aramid, boron, continuous silicon carbide, and aluminum oxide fiber composites. While polyester and vinyl ester resins are the most used matrix materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... mode Ductile Ductile Ductile Brittle RH, relative humidity. (a) Dried 24 h in a vacuum oven at 65 °C (150 °F) after 24 h immersion at 100 °C (212 °F) Fig. 15 Structure of unsaturated polyester resins. (a) Phthalate esters, (b) Bisphenol A/fumarate resins Fig. 16 Degradation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., and dicyandiamides. Other curatives include polyester co-polymers, phenolic co-polymers, melamine and urea formaldehyde co-polymer resins, phosphate flame retardants, ultraviolet and electron beam curing of epoxy resins, Mannich bases, Mannich-based adducts, and anhydrides. The article concludes by discussing...