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unidirectional composite materials

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., mixed composites (SFRP and particulate-filled), unidirectional FRP composites, and fabric reinforced composites. Friction and wear performance of the composites, correlation of performance with various materials properties, and studies on wear-of failure mechanisms by scanning electron microscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of unidirectional composite (UDC) materials are quite different from those of conventional, metallic materials. This article provides information on the treatment of UDC stress-strain relations in the forms appropriate for analysis of thin plies of material. It explains the development of the relations between mid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on materials that are most suitable for tube rolling: preimpregnated materials and unidirectional tapes. The article also discusses wrapping techniques of cylindrical and tapered tubes, such as convolute and spiral wrapping. Process Description Process Equipment and Techniques Material Forms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of Unidirectional Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Mixed-mode fracture Z 7254Z Out-of-Plane Tension Test for Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composites Flatwise tension Z 8025Z Determining the Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials Using the Combined Loading Compression...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and Fiber Orientation on Damping and Stiffness of Polymer Composite Materials , Exp. Mech. , Vol 26 , 1986 , p 175 – 184 2. Adams R.D. and Bacon D.G.C. , The Dynamic Properties of Unidirectional Fibre Reinforced Composites in Flexure and Torsion , J. Compos. Mater ., Vol 7 , 1973...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is a comprehensive collection of engineering tables providing information on the mechanical properties of and the techniques for processing and characterizing polymeric materials, such as thermosets, thermoset-matrix unidirectional advanced composites, and unreinforced and carbon-and glass-reinforced engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 4255 Standard Guide for Testing In-Plane Shear Properties of Composite Laminates. D 5379 Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Composite Materials by the V-Notched Beam Method D 5467 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Unidirectional Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... , Influence of Specimen Gage Length and Loading Method on the Axial Compressive Strength of a Unidirectional Composite Material , Exp. Mech. , Vol 31 , 1991 , p 14 10.1007/BF02325717 20. Odom E.M. and Adams D.F. , Failure Modes of Unidirectional Carbon/Epoxy Composite Specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of micrographs taken of a cross section of a composite made from unidirectional prepreg that shows the termination of two prepreg plies near the center of the part. Bright-field illumination, 5× objective Fig. 2 Cross section of a composite material made with unidirectional carbon fiber prepreg...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the material, the more limited the method of testing. A method that works adequately for chopped fiber composites may not work for unidirectional materials. A method that works for unidirectional materials probably will work well for all materials, although it may not always be the most cost effective...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... • Schwartz M.M. , Composite Materials , Vol 2 , Processing, Fabrication, and Applications , Prentice Hall , 1997 , p 114 – 125 Epoxy Resins Curatives High-Temperature Epoxy Resins Tack Flow Gel Time Drape Unidirectional and Two-Directional Fabrics Hybrid Fabrics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Summary of composite <italic>S</italic>-<italic>N</italic> fatigue data Table 3 Summary of composite S - N fatigue data Reference Material Comment Kadi and Ellyin ( Ref 12 ) Glass/epoxy Unidirectional S - N curves at several R -ratios Rotem and Nelson ( Ref 10 ) Graphite/epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... waste than woven products, unidirectional products lend themselves to automated lay-up in tape-laying machines, and unidirectional products may provide a smoother aerodynamic external surface than woven products. It is not uncommon to mix composite types and fiber materials to better utilize...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... alternatives. Common composites material selection options are: Fiber types: Glass, carbon, aramid, boron, polyethylene, ceramic, tungsten Fiber forms: Unidirectional, woven fabric, random mat, chopped fiber, braided fabric Polymer matrices: Polyester, vinyl ester, epoxy, bismaleimide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... the fiber tow permeability. In this situation, the initial penetration of the resin is restricted by the fiber packing and is not relaxed after prepreg processing. Figure 8 shows voids in a unidirectional carbon fiber composite material having a high fiber volume and tight fiber packing. The two figures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , Motorbooks International , 1993 , p 88 – 100 2. Gutowski T.G. , Ed., Advanced Composites Manufacturing , Wiley-Interscience , 1997 , p 207 – 239 3. Middleton D.H. , Ed., Composite Materials in Aircraft Structures , Longman Scientific and Technical , 1990 , p 17 – 38...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Testing , Comprehensive Composite Materials , Kelly A. and Zweben C. , Ed., Elsevier , London , 2000 , p 149 – 161 2. Waddoups M.E. , Characterization and Design of Composite Materials , Composite Materials Workshop , Tsai S.W. , Halpin J.C. , and Pagano N.J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Expansion for Unidirectional Composites , J. Compos. Mater. , Vol 23 , April 1989 , p 370 10.1177/002199838902300405 3. Springer G.S. and Tsai S.W. , Thermal Conductivities of Unidirectional Materials , J. Compos. Mater. , Vol 1 , 1967 , p 166 10.1177/002199836700100206...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Bending properties are improved through capping of 7 to 10 mm (0.28 to 0.39 in.) of E- glass unidirectional, although in some cases a thinner carbon capping is justified on the basis of reduced weight. The composites structure would weigh approximately 3.5 to 4.0 tonnes (3.9 to 4.4 tons), a small...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Fig. 21 0° fiber stress range versus number of cycles to failure at 650°C and room temperature. Source: Ref 36 Fig. 22 The life of the unidirectional composite and the matrix as a function of maximum strain at 650 °C. Ref 36 Fig. 3 Increase of number of cracks for [0°/90°/±45...