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uniaxial stress

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... external field. The relationship between uniaxial stress and angular-dependent strain is also discussed. The influence of stress on domain walls, and therefore, the generation of Barkhausen noise are described. The article also describes the directional and angular MBN measurements and provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... the measured principal stress magnitudes above the uniaxial yield stress by a small degree, while, in the core of thick components, a triaxial state of stress can lead to tensile principal residual stresses that greatly exceed the room-temperature uniaxial yield stress. However, the as-quenched...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Table 1 Comparison of average residual stress calculated using Eq 3 and 4 d s / d c Calculated stress Eq 3 Eq 4 MPa ksi MPa ksi 200 −1143 −165.7 −1137 −164.9 100 −571 −82.8 −565 −81.9 50 −286 −41.5 −280 −40.6 20 −114 −16.5 −109 −15.8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article describes concepts and tools that can be used by the failure analyst to understand and address deformation, cracking, or fracture after a stress-related failure has occurred. Issues related to the determination and use of stress are detailed. Stress is defined, and a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract X-ray diffraction (XRD) residual-stress analysis is an essential tool for failure analysis. This article focuses primarily on what the analyst should know about applying XRD residual-stress measurement techniques to failure analysis. Discussions are extended to the description of ways...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article describes some of the mechanical/ electrochemical phenomena related to the in vivo degradation of metals used for biomedical applications. It discusses the properties and failure of these materials as they relate to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and corrosion fatigue (CF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article presents the Schmid's law that describes the response of crystal structures to loading. It describes the Taylor model to calculate the uniaxial yield stress of an isotropic face-centered cubic aggregate in terms of critical resolved shear stress. The article discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the metal is covered by a very thin protective metal fluoride film. As the substrate is consumed, a freestanding film is produced. The most direct way to obtain the stress-strain relations of thin films in tension is by uniaxial testing. In principle, this procedure is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... mechanical behavior of materials is described by their deformation and fracture characteristics under applied tensile, compressive, or multiaxial stresses. Determination of this mechanical behavior is influenced by several factors that include metallurgical/material variables, test methods, temperature, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... under uniaxial versus multiaxial tensile-stress conditions. Mesoscale models incorporate the influence of local microstructure and texture on cavitation. The article outlines the descriptions of cavity coalescence and shrinkage. It also describes the simulation of the tension test to predict tensile...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the fibers, and the shear modulus relative to the x 1 - x 2 plane, respectively. The major Poisson's ratio, as determined from contraction transverse to the fibers during a uniaxial test parallel to the fibers, is denoted by ν 12 . For laminates in which the macroscopic stress-strain relationships...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... screen or by using a tapered, conical radius gage. A mathematical analysis has been made that provides a correction to the average axial stress to compensate for the introduction of transverse stresses ( Ref 2 ). According to this analysis, known as the Bridgman correction , the uniaxial flow stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the analyzing and modeling of stress-strain behavior of polycrystals of pure face-centered cubic (fcc) metals in the range of temperatures and strain rates where diffusion is not important. It presents a phenomenological description of stress-strain behavior and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...) Fig. 3 Intergranular dimple rupture in a steel specimen resulting from microvoid coalescence at grain boundaries. Dimple shape is governed by the state of stress within the material as the microvoids form and coalesce. Fracture under conditions of uniaxial tensile load ( Fig. 1a ) results in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... spheroidized high-carbon steel sample drastically reduce its ductility during uniaxial compression testing due to circumferential tensile-stress concentrations at surface defects.. Material inhomogeneities of any type have an adverse effect on workability. Localized variations that can reduce the workability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... 15.5% higher in the plane-strain compression test than in uniaxial compression testing. The true stress-strain curve in uniaxial compression (σ 0 versus ε) can be obtained from the corresponding plane-strain compression curve ( p versus ε pc ) by: (Eq 20) σ 0 = 3 2 p = p 1.155...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the difficulty of simulating defect emissivities and other field conditions in the laboratory. Laboratory tests are often conducted with simple uniaxial stresses applied parallel to the rolling direction, while materials in industrial service are often subjected to complex biaxial or triaxial stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... properties in air are adapted to SCC, as discussed in ASTM G 49. When uniaxially loaded in tension, the stress pattern is simple and uniform, and the magnitude of the applied stress can be accurately determined. Specimens can be quantitatively stressed by using equipment for application of either a constant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... determine experimentally, because steady state occurs at extremely large strains for which the measurements of stress in a monotonic uniaxial test is complicated by necking, fracture, or barreling. The instantaneous rate sensitivity resulting from the effective stress may be determined by the step strain...