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uniaxial compression test

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... techniques and discusses the advantages and limitations of each technique when used in failure analysis. The focus is on various types of static load testing, hardness testing, and impact testing. The testing types covered include uniaxial tension testing, uniaxial compression testing, bend testing, hardness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... modeling plane-strain deformation processes such as rolling ( Ref 31 ). The material in this article is largely taken from: H.A. Kuhn, Uniaxial Compression Testing, Mechanical Testing and Evaluation, Vol 8, ASM Handbook , ASM International, 2000, p 143–151 A.T. Male and G.E. Dieter, Hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the evaluation of mechanical properties of freestanding films and films adherent to their substrates. Common methods of testing freestanding films, including uniaxial tensile testing, uniaxial creep testing, biaxial testing, and beam-bending methods, are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Tensile testing of fiber-reinforced composite materials is performed to determine uniaxial tensile strength, Young’s modulus, and Poisson’s ratio relative to principal material directions, and helps in the prediction of the properties of laminates. Beginning with an overview of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... deformation up to necking. Uniaxial compression of cylindrical specimens is another test by which the flow stress can be measured accurately and reproducibly. However, uniaxial compression specimens undergo barreling due to friction at the contact surfaces, which limits uniform deformation to a true strain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... under uniaxial versus multiaxial tensile-stress conditions. Mesoscale models incorporate the influence of local microstructure and texture on cavitation. The article outlines the descriptions of cavity coalescence and shrinkage. It also describes the simulation of the tension test to predict tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article discusses the principles and limitations of micromagnetic techniques, namely, magnetic Barkhausen noise (MBN) and magnetoacoustic emission (MAE). It also discusses various factors limiting the establishment of acceptance criteria for test components as they pertain to the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... 15.5% higher in the plane-strain compression test than in uniaxial compression testing. The true stress-strain curve in uniaxial compression (σ 0 versus ε) can be obtained from the corresponding plane-strain compression curve ( p versus ε pc ) by: (Eq 20) σ 0 = 3 2 p = p 1.155...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... nonuniform mechanical properties. Up to this point it has been assumed that the test specimen was loaded uniaxially in either tension or compression. However, in some workability tests such as the torsion test the stress system is multiaxial. More generally, it is rare to find the stresses acting on the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... deformation process of interest. Attention must be given, then, to the validity of the workability test in simulating the type of fracture that occurs in the actual process. Most metalworking processes involve compressive deformation, and so the uniaxial compression test has been widely used for studying...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... determine the susceptibility of alloys to SCC and hydrogen embrittlement, several types of testing are available. This article describes the constant extension testing, constant load testing, constant strain-rate testing for smooth specimens and precracked or notched specimens of SCC. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... − ε ˙ 1 ) 2 } Table 3 Formulas for compression testing of isotropic material Variable or quantity Symbol or relation Uniaxial compression under uniform deformation conditions Initial sample dimensions Height ( h 0 ) Diameter ( d 0 ) Area ( A 0 ), A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., compression, or bending. The word universal refers to the variety of stress states that can be applied by the machine, in contrast to other conventional test machines that may be limited to either tensile loading or compressive loading but not both. Universal test machines or tension-only test frames may...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., and its molecular state. The strength of a plastic is usually taken as the tensile strength, as determined in a conventional testing machine. As an alternative, flexural strength can be measured, also by ramp excitation. Shear strength and uniaxial compressive strength are also measured as the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... solidification along a preferred (rapid-growth) direction and thus possess noticeable fiberlike textures. Fig. 2 Specimens for the wedge test. (Top) As-machined specimen. (Bottom) Specimen after forging The wedge test is fferent from other workability tests (e.g., tension test, uniaxial compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... and sintered PM parts: density variations, compaction and ejection cracks, microlaminations, poor degree of sintering, and voids from prior lubricant agglomerates. It describes the various methods applicable to green compacts: direct-current resistivity testing, radiographic techniques, computed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... all of these aspects, which is primarily a result of the large deformations that are common in massive forming processes such as forging, extrusion, and rolling. For most common mechanical tests—simple tension and compression tests—the maximum uniform strains achieved are rather low because of necking...