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underground corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... operations. Source: Ref 16 , 22 Fig. 17 Ground mat (gradient grid) at underground valve Abstract Abstract Stray current can be defined as a current in structures that are underground or immersed in an electrolyte that most often accelerate corrosion on a structure where a positive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with a minimum number of problems. The corrosion of metals in soils, which is also called underground corrosion, can be divided into two broad categories: corrosion in undisturbed soils and corrosion in disturbed soils. Corrosion in undisturbed soil is always low, regardless of soil conditions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... corrosion, corrosion resistance of lead in water, atmospheres, underground ducts, soil and chemicals. References References 1. Friend J.N. , The Relative Corrodibilities of Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals and Alloys—Part 1—The Results of Four Years of Exposure in Bristol Channel , J. Inst...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and Reconstruction 16 NACE RP0169 Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems 9 NACE RP0163 External Cathodic Protection of On-grade Carbon Steel Metallic Storage Tanks 2 Underground storage tanks API Spec 12F Specification for Shop Welded Tanks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... magnification: 100× Fig. 1 Example of external corrosion of an underground pipeline. Lower quadrant of pipeline shown after coating removal and abrasive cleaning Fig. 3 Iron-related bacteria creating a differential oxygen and pH cell on a metal surface Fig. 4 Stray current...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...,” paper No. 05240, Corrosion 2005, NACE International , 2005 8. Greenberger S. , Underground Water Utilities—Crowded and Complex , Mater. Perform. , Vol 41 ( No. 7 ), July 2002 , p 8 9. Oregon Occupational Health and Safety Administration, Rule 437-83-2813, Min 10 ft working...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the various environments affecting corrosion performance, corrosion protection, and corrosion control. These include freshwater environments, marine environments, and underground environments. The article provides information on corrosion in military...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... M. , “Underground Corrosion,” NBS 579, National Bureau of Standards , April 1957 , p 227 20. Littauer E.L. and Wesson H.C. , Lead and Lead Alloys , Corrosion , Vol 1 , Shrier L.L. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1963 , p 4:68 – 4:85 21. Weast R.C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... process intended for use by pipeline operators to assess and manage the impact of external corrosion on the integrity of underground pipelines. This article focuses on four steps of ECDA, namely, preassessment, indirect examinations, direct examination, and post assessment. The ECDA tool selection matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... Powell S.T. , Bacon H.E. , and Hull J.R. , Ind. Eng. Chem. , Vol 37 , 1945 , p 842 10.1021/ie50429a016 26. Edwards W.E. , Marine Corrosion: Its Cause and Care , Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Appalachian Underground Corrosion Short Course , Technical Bulletin 69...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...Cost of corrosion in the pipeline industry for the USA economy Table 1 Cost of corrosion in the pipeline industry for the USA economy Year Subject Cost, million USD/yr Reference 1945 Corrosion in underground pipelines 50 Ref 14 1947 Pipeline replacement due to corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of iron and copper in potable water as these are still the prevalent materials. External corrosion of pipes is a serious problem that is addressed in the articles “Stray Currents in Underground Corrosion” and “Corrosion Rate Probes for Soil Environments” in this Volume. Corrosion and water-quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Institute , Vol 14 , Section IV, American Petroleum Institute , 1934 , p 204 19. Romanoff M. , Underground Corrosion , National Bureau of Standards Circular 579, U.S. Government Printing Office , 1957 , p 71 20. Denison I.A. , Soil Exposure Tests , The Corrosion Handbook...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... as the result of proper foundry practice. Courtesy of Jack Smart, John S. Smart Consultants Fig. 8 Catastrophic pipeline failure involving corrosion. Courtesy of Corrosioneering—the On-line Corrosion Journal Fig. 19 Solar cells used to provide electricity for the cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... International , 1994 • “Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems,” Standard RP0169, NACE International , 2002 • Gummow R.A. , “Cathodic Protection Considerations for Pipelines with AC Mitigation Facilities,” PR-262-9809, Pipeline Research Council...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... ), July/August 1977 , p 8 – 9 • Myers J.R. , Bomberger H.B. , and Froes F.H. , Corrosion Behavior and Use of Titanium and Its Alloys , J. Met. , Vol 36 ( No. 10 ), Oct 1984 , p 50 – 60 • Myers J.R. and Cohen A. , Conditions Contributing to Underground...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and from application experience. Outer nonmetallic containment jackets (elastomeric, plastics) provide protection in corrosive applications and underground. Corrosion form and mechanism Localized corrosion, crevice corrosion, mechanically assisted corrosion, fretting fatigue Material Type 304...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Processes , 3rd ed. , Gulf Publishing , 1997 4. “Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems,” RP01-69, NACE International , 2002 5. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater , 20th ed. , American Public Health Association , New...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... agencies that mandate corrosion protection through the application of protective coatings and cathodic protection. Coatings offer the primary defense against corrosion of underground pipelines. To perform this task, they must be designed and formulated to resist mechanical, chemical, and electrochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... have adverse impacts on corrosion prevention. For example, utilidors are underground or aboveground structures that protect utilities from cold weather while providing general access for operations and maintenance. Underground utilidors may flood due to piping failures, overhead snow melts, or stream...