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ultrathin-section specimen

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the various aspects relating to the selection and preparation of ultrathin-section specimens of fiber-reinforced polymeric composites for examination by transmitted light microscopy. It provides information on the contrast-enhancement methods used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., rough grinding, and polishing. The preparation techniques of ultrathin sections are also summarized. The article explains the illumination methods used by reflected light microscopy to view a specimen. These consist of epi-bright-field illumination, epi-dark-field illumination, epi-polarized light...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the thermosetting resin. As a result, the phase separation of the rubber may be incomplete, which can lead to ambient- and elevated-temperature property degradation. In the following figures, ultrathin sections were developed from the composite materials to use transmitted-light optical microscopy contrast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-matrix composites, transmitted polarized-light microscopy can be used very effectively. The preparation of thermoplastic-matrix composites for optical microscopic analysis requires the creation of ultrathin sections so that transmitted polarized light can be used. Throughout the literature, this has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Further preparation of the reflected-light sample to an ultrathin-section sample revealed more information about the heat generation created by the lightning strike. The vaporized and degraded matrix in the first ply can easily be seen by using transmitted-light optical microscopy. Deeper under the damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... specimen are shown in Fig. 6 . Upon impact loading, shear deformation across the interply caused polymer alignment, resulting in strain birefringence ( Fig. 6a ). From analysis of the ultrathin section using transmitted crosspolarized light and a 530 nm interference filter, the birefringent-strained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... not be visible to the naked eye, cross sectioning a composite and viewing with transmitted light may reveal even slight oxidation. Figure 3 shows a micrograph of an ultrathin section that was developed to determine the effect of short-term UV exposure on a carbon-fiber-reinforced composite part. It can be seen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... information from small regions of the specimen. This article illustrates the effectiveness of the technique in solving materials problems. The first section of the article provides information on analytical electron microscope (AEM) and its basic operational characteristics as well as on electron optics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... additional sample preparation after polishing. One option is the development of an ultrathin section from the material of interest, as described in the article, “Thin-Section Preparation and Transmitted-Light Microscopy,” but other methods, such as etching, staining, and dyeing, are less time-consuming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... should be sectioned perpendicular to their axis using a precision diamond saw with either a metal-bonded diamond wafering blade or an ultrathin aluminum oxide abrasive blade. Generally, an abrasive cutoff blade selected to cut the substrate effectively will be the best blade for the combination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... with a section on the application and interpretation of GDMS in the metals industry. References References 1. Thomson J.J. and Thomson G.P. , Conduction of Electricity through Gases , 3rd ed. , Cambridge University Press , Cambridge, U.K. , 1928 , p 1 2. Dempster A.J...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... number elements are mostly absorbed in the detector window. More modern ultrathin window detectors enable detection of elements down to atomic number ∼5. Lower atomic number elements must be detected by other means, as will be described in the section on Auger electron microscopy. Recent developments...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of adhesion testing in materials research, this article also includes a section on the use of adhesion tests in the evaluation of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) within bimaterial interfaces. Fundamental Adhesion Fundamental adhesion refers to the basic intermolecular forces that occur whenever two...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... interface shown in Fig. 15(a) . Source: Ref 27 Fig. 14 Optical micrographs of the cross section of an aluminum wire, iron screw, and brass plate in a conventional household electrical outlet assembly. (a) Overall view. (b) Wire/screw interface. (c) Wire/brass plate interface. See also Fig. 15...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... cases, respectively. In each of the structural and non-structural applications, composites do offer unique performance characteristics and the ability to realize weight savings. The following sections describe the specific state-of-the-art applications of composite materials for spacecraft missiles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... of Ultrathin Gold Nanowires , Nat. Nanotechnol. , Vol 5 ( No. 3 ), 2010 , p 218 – 224 , 10.1038/nnano.2010.4 42. Shimizu S. , Fujii H.T. , Sato Y.S. , Kokawa H. , Sriraman M.R. , and Babu S.S. , Mechanism of Weld Formation during Very-High-Power Ultrasonic Additive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in Modern Material Science , Welding and Related Technologies , Welding International, Vol 14 ( No. 9 ), 2000 , p 745 – 748 9. Ding Y. and Northwood D.O. , Methods For Preparation of Cross-Sectional Scanning Electron Microscopic Specimens and Their Applications to Corroded Specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
...Abstract Abstract Investment casting, in which molten metal is poured into hot molds, allows for the production of aluminum parts with extremely thin sections, knife edges and sharp detail. This article describes the various steps in the investment casting process, including patternmaking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5