1-20 of 36 Search Results for

ultrathin layer activation

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... layer or surface layer activation, and ultrathin layer or recoil activation that are used to create radioactive isotopes in the samples to be tested. The article reviews the two common types of wear measurement setup configurations: the direct method and the indirect method. It concludes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of oxidation using 180 Several hours for depth profiles up to several Determination of the extent of coverage of ultrathin thousand angstroms films Study of desorption of adsorbed layers Capabilities of Related Techniques Identification of the faces of polar crystals Auger electron spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., adhesion, wear, and so forth. Applications of thin coatings on various surfaces include paints, varnishes, and protective films for bearings, machine elements, magnetic hard-disks, and aerospace components. The unique polymer layer architecture with the presence of active functional groups make polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... together and implanted into the wafer at lower speeds than those used in ion implantation. This process is reported to result in less damage to the crystal structure. The deposition of an epitaxial layer is another means of creating electronically active regions on the GaAs substrate. There are four...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... that occurs on implantation. The surface forms a biologically active HA layer that provides the bonding interface with tissues. Unfortunately, their brittleness prevents them from replacing long bones, and their usage is limited to replacing smaller bone defects. Examples of glasses and glass-ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... the surface or a few atomic layers below the surface will contribute to an XPS peak. This is illustrated in Fig. 3 , which provides experimental values obtained for the inelastic mean free path for electrons having the range of energies important in XPS. The inelastic mean free path is: (Eq 4) d N...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of additives. This article is divided into five sections: mechanical property modifiers, physical property modifiers, biological function modifiers, processing aids, and colorants. It describes three classes of additives that are used to inhibit biological activity, six classes of mechanical property modifiers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... conditions, these coatings can change in some fashion so their appearance or protective capabilities are enhanced. Environmental stimuli for smart coatings may be of a physical nature, such as impact, or of a chemical nature, such as pH changes. Typically, the coating becomes activated in some way...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... into a stereolithography format using a slicer software that converts 3D structures to instructions for a 3D printer. From a triangular meshed surface, several layers are segregated and then inserted into fundamental files of the slicer software. At the same time, a G-code is generated for each file, which gives...
Book Chapter

By Mark C. Williams
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... energy, water, and heat. In principle, a fuel cell operates like a battery, but does not run down or require recharging as long as hydrogen-rich fuel is supplied. The basic physical structure or building block of most fuel cells consists of an electrolyte layer in contact with porous anode and cathode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... and active layers, NASA has developed on-demand printed supercapacitors for implementation in a wide range of applications. A printed array of miniantennas to harvest power for electronic applications is a compelling technology also being developed by the ODME through university collaboration. This “rectenna...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... atomic-layer epitaxy and small metal contacts on the surfaces. Using a high-resolution magnetic sector ICP-MS, a rapid, sensitive method for ultrathin native-oxide thickness measurement was developed to facilitate the removal of interfacial native oxide for interface control ( Ref 23 ). Coupling a rapid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is that different SiO x suboxides in the interface of ultrathin SiO 2 layers on silicon were disclosed by high-resolution XPS ( Ref 56 ). Reactions at interfaces can be directly studied by AES and XPS depth profiling. An example is shown in Fig. 14 for a thin-film structure of Si-Ni-Si (each layer about...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Abstract Ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) is a solid-state hybrid manufacturing technique that leverages the principles of ultrasonic welding, mechanized tape layering, and computer numerical control (CNC) machining operations to create three-dimensional metal parts. This article begins...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., because the same layers can react to different loads that do not occur simultaneously. The need for fibers in every direction in a composite laminate is most pronounced around bolt holes. (The distribution of hoop and bearing stresses is shown in Fig. 24 in the article “Bolted and Bonded Joints...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004170
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... gold and silver plating on substrates, and the extensive use of dissimilar metals make microelectronic devices and components extremely susceptible to corrosion. In order to minimize manufacturing cost, the design may use alternative processes and materials (e.g., gold interconnect layers replaced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... with greater viscosity can form thicker lubricating film. In boundary and mixed lubrication, thicker lubricating film means better lubrication. In hydrodynamic lubrication, however, larger viscosity leads to bigger drag force between fluid layers, generating higher friction force. In all lubrication states...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... surface regions must be coated with a thin layer of conductive material. A thin gold-palladium layer is typically sputtered onto samples intended for imaging only, whereas a thin carbon layer is typically vacuum evaporated onto samples where x-ray microanalysis will be performed. Operating Principles...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...-dispersive spectrometers can detect only elements with an atomic number, Z , greater than or equal to 11 (sodium). A new energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS) detector, the ultrathin window detector, has been developed. This unit enables detection of elements as light as Z = 6 (carbon). Although...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...- lling. See gap- lling adhesive. by the polymerization of esters of acrylic acid adhesive, heat-activated. See heat-activated A-basis. The A mechanical property value is and its derivatives. Its full name is polymethyl the value above which at least 99% of the methacrylate. See also polymethyl methacry...