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ultrathin layer activation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... time-dependent, kinetic modification of the surface that occurs on implantation. The surface forms a biologically active HA layer that provides the bonding interface with tissues. Unfortunately, their brittleness prevents them from replacing long bones, and their usage is limited to replacing smaller...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ultrathin SiO 2 layers on silicon were disclosed by high-resolution XPS ( Ref 56 ). Reactions at interfaces can be directly studied by AES and XPS depth profiling. An example is shown in Fig. 14 for a thin-film structure of Si-Ni-Si (each layer about 50 nm thick) sputter deposited on a Si(111...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... Source: Ref 14 Titanium dioxide nanoparticles adhere directly to the substrate molecules and assemble into an invisible, ultrathin, nanoscopic mesh that provides an extremely long-lasting hydrophobic surface. These self-cleaning materials are semipermanent and invisible on most surfaces to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-quality ultrathin-gate atomic-layer epitaxy and small metal contacts on the surfaces. Using a high-resolution magnetic sector ICP-MS, a rapid, sensitive method for ultrathin native-oxide thickness measurement was developed to facilitate the removal of interfacial native oxide for interface control ( Ref...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... elements with atomic numbers of 11 or higher because the low energy x-rays produced by lower atomic number elements are mostly absorbed in the detector window. More modern ultrathin window detectors enable detection of elements down to atomic number ∼5. Lower atomic number elements must be detected by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and protective form of TiO 2 , anatase, or a mixture of rutile and anatase ( Ref 6 ). In dilute reducing acids, a 20 to 100 Å multiplex film consisting of a hydrated titanium sesquioxide (Ti 2 O 3 ) inner layer and a TiO 2 outer layer has been shown to form ( Ref 7 ). Increasing redox potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... wide range of weights and crystal characteristics, ranging from heavy films with coarse crystals to ultrathin microcrystalline deposits. Zinc phosphate coatings vary from light to dark...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... surface. Another quite different Al 2 O 3 formulation works well as a shaft and sleeve bearing in a hot water recirculation pump. In some cases, the corrosion of a surface can have beneficial effects. Silicon nitride used in high-temperature oxidizing applications forms a silicon dioxide glassy layer...