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ultrasonic welding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract Ultrasonic welding (UW), as a solid-state joining process, uses an ultrasonic energy source and pressure to induce oscillating shears between the faying surfaces to produce metallurgical bonds between a wide range of metal sheets and wires. This article reviews the models...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract Ultrasonic metal welding is a solid-state welding process that produces coalescence through the simultaneous application of localized high-frequency vibratory energy and moderate clamping forces. This article discusses the parameters to be considered when selecting a suitable welder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract This article begins with a discussion on the advantages and limitation of ultrasonic welding (USW). It describes variations of the USW process which can produce different weld geometries. These variations are helpful in producing spot welds, line welds, continuous seam welds, ring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Fig. 1 Chart showing ultrasonically weldable metal combinations. Blank areas in the chart represent combinations that have not been successfully joined or in which welding has not been attempted. Source: American Welding Society Fig. 2 Photomicrograph showing weld interface cross...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract The ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) process consists of building up solid metal objects by ultrasonically welding successive layers of metal tape into a three-dimensional shape with periodic machining operations to create detailed features of the resultant object. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract This article is a compilation of definitions for terms related to welding fundamentals and all welding processes. The processes include arc and resistance welding, friction stir welding, laser beam welding, explosive welding, and ultrasonic welding. arc welding explosive welding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the mechanism, advantages and disadvantages, fundamentals, capabilities, variations, equipment used, and weldability of metals in solid-state welding processes, including diffusion bonding, explosion welding, friction welding, ultrasonic welding, upset welding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the mechanism, advantages and disadvantages, fundamentals, capabilities, variations, equipment used, and weldability of metals in solid-state welding processes, including diffusion bonding, explosion welding, friction welding, ultrasonic welding, upset...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to complex structures Requires heating of tool and entire part. Long heatup and cool down Ultrasonic welding Localized heating. Can use room temperature fixturing. Fast bond times (<10 s) Hard to scale up. Not practical on complex geometries Resistance welding Localized heating. Can use room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...-metal weld ( Ref 8 ) 8500–9000 1910–2025 35–40 205 80 27–38 80–100 Steel (substrate)-Ta (foil) ( Ref 9 ) 6000–7000 1350–1575 34–36 90–125 35–50 NA NA NA, not applicable Table 2 Various characterization techniques used to investigate aspects of bond formation in ultrasonic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... method. The techniques are hot-tool, hot-gas, extrusion, focused infrared, laser, friction, vibration, spin, ultrasonic, and electromagnetic welding techniques (resistance, induction, dielectric, and microwave welding). The article concludes with a discussion on welding evaluation methods...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... fastening with self-tapping screws Fig. 3 Mechanical fastening with bolts, nuts, and washers Fig. 4 Common head styles of screws and bolts. Flat underside of head is preferred. Fig. 24 Schematic of ultrasonic welding components Fig. 25 Schematic of ultrasonic welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Fig. 3 Applications of ultrasonic additive manufacturing. (a) Injection molding die and part. Courtesy of Solidica Inc. (b) Plate with embedded channels. Courtesy of Edison Welding Institute. (c) X-ray image of channel network in (b). Courtesy of Edison Welding Institute. (d) Embedded nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... blocks are dimensioned in the metric system of units ( Ref 17 ) and are now also identified as ISO 2400 blocks. One of the standard English-unit designs is shown in Fig. 7(a) . Fig. 7 Two standard reference blocks used in ultrasonic inspection. (a) International Institute of Welding, type 1, block...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... of the composite. Ohm's law restricts the length or width of bond line in resistance welding. Ultrasonic bonding Ideal for spot welding in thicknesses less than 1 mm (0.040 in.) where disruption of the fiber is not a critical factor. Generally effective in layers of less then 1 mm (0.040 in.) and suitable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... and measurement of the weld. The article discusses nondestructive evaluation of welds by encompassing techniques that are used to characterize the locations and structure of internal and surface defects, including radiography, ultrasonic testing, and liquid penetrant inspection. It reviews the macrostructural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... sectioning x-ray diffraction neutron diffraction Barkhausen noise analysis ultrasonic propagation analysis impact toughness mechanical testing nondestructive techniques residual stress shear testing tensile strength weldability testing welded joints IN WELDED STRUCTURES, the welds typically...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Acoustical holography is the extension of holography into the ultrasonic domain. The basic systems for acoustical holography are the liquid-surface type and the scanning type. This article discusses the applications for acoustical holography, including inspection of large composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... diffraction ultrasonic technique cracks TIME-OF-FLIGHT DIFFRACTION (TOFD) is an ultrasonic technique used to detect diffracted waves from crack tips and to size the cracks from the arrival times of those waves. Its primary use is rapid weld testing of circumferential and axial weld seams. Time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... energy of PEEK. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 14 Effect of surface treatment on the lap shear strength of AS4-APC-2 laminate. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 16 Effect of abrasive cleaning and acid etching on fusion-bonded AS4-APC-2 laminates. Test coupons were joined by ultrasonic welding. Source: Ref...