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ultrasonic cleaning

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract Ultrasonic cleaning involves the use of high-frequency sound waves that is above the upper range of human heating, or about 18 kHz, to remove a variety of contaminants from parts immersed in aqueous media. This article describes the process, design considerations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and lapping compounds from magnetic particle and fluorescent penetrant inspection. The cleaning processes include emulsion cleaning, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, acid cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, alkaline cleaning, ultrasonic cleaning, and glass bead cleaning. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... This article provides an overview of the various types of stainless steels and describes the commonly used cleaning methods, namely, alkaline cleaning, emulsion cleaning, solvent cleaning, vapor degreasing, ultrasonic cleaning, and acid cleaning. Finishing operations of stainless steels, such as grinding...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 7 Comparison of a yttria-stabilized zirconia microstructure in the as-polished (left) and ultrasonically cleaned (right) condition. The porosity increased by 450% after 16 min of ultrasonic cleaning. Due to the high density of the coating, the epoxy did not infiltrate the majority of pores More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... for screening as fracture surface coating materials. These inhibitor compounds were applied to fresh steel fracture surfaces and exposed to 100% relative humidity at 38 °C (100 °F) for 14 days. The coatings were removed by ultrasonic cleaning with the appropriate solvent, and the fracture surfaces were visually...
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 35 SEM image of fatigue striations in a Nitinol stent that fractured from ultrasonic cleaning-induced fatigue More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 14 SEM image of fatigue striations in a 316L stainless steel stent that fractured by ultrasonic cleaning-induced fatigue More
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 27 SEM image of cleavage-like fatigue morphology in a 316L stainless steel stent that fractured from ultrasonic cleaning-induced fatigue More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 24 Scanning electron microscopy micrographs showing (a) nitinol stent strut cracking and (b) fatigue fracture surface after prolonged ultrasonic cleaning More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The article describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive...
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 7 Scanning electron microscopy images of cracks in laser-cut stents. The stainless steel stent in (a) has a fatigue crack that occurred during ultrasonic cleaning after laser cutting. The fracture in the Nitinol stent in (b) initiated in brittle, heat-affected material that was not removed More
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Published: 01 January 1996
frome the crack after every 5000 compression cycles using ultrasonic cleaning. Source: Ref 4 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-atmosphere techniques, such as Sendzimir oxidation/reduction method; other specialized methods, namely, fluxes, mechanical cleaning, and ultrasonic methods; or a combination of these. alkaline cleaning chemical pickling contaminant removal continuously applied coatings electrolytic cleaning...
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Published: 01 December 2004
to the high void content that entrapped polishing particles, which are carried to the next step. In some cases, even the use of ultrasonic cleaning cannot remove all of the entrapped polishing particles from the previous step. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Drying Waste soil disposal In the cleaning step, the soils are removed from the steel surface by one or a combination of three basic actions: mechanical, thermal, and chemical. Mechanical actions include abrasive surface blasting, spray jet cleaning, use of ultrasonic to loosen the dirts, hand...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... the atomic oxygen environment exposure effect, solar cell interconnect, integrated circuit defects, and fatigue failure of these materials. electronic materials fatigue failure fractograph integrated circuits ultrasonic cleaning Fig. 1326, 1327 Effect of exposure to the atomic oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... does not cause the adverse environmental and health effects associated with VOC and ODC waste. Aqueous Systems Aqueous degreasing can be accomplished by hot tank or dip tank systems. Ultrasonic cleaning and spray cleaning are system options. Hot Tank Systems Heated, aqueous degreasing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... will result in bleed out of the substrate onto the surface during the coating process. Poor adhesion or delamination will result. Thermal cleaning is a potential solution to prepare such a component for coating. Ultrasonic Cleaning Ultrasonic cleaning can be used to dislodge some contaminants...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... penetrant inspection, pressure testing, radiographic inspection, magnetic particle inspection, and ultrasonic inspection. castings blast cleaning cleaning finishing flame cutting grinding radiographic inspection inspection liquid penetrant inspection magnetic particle inspection ultrasonic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... be cleaned in an organic solvent (e.g., an acetone bath) and dried in an oven at 70 °C (160 °F). Ultrasonic cleaning of thermal spray specimens is not recommended, especially for fragile or brittle coatings, because coating particles may be lost during this type of “energetic” cleaning process ( Ref 8...