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two-roll rotary straightening

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... housing containing two tapered-roller bearings. The head, fastened to a rotating sleeve mounted in the tapered-roller bearings, is motor driven and acts as a flywheel. The spindle is mounted and held stationary by a rear housing that is fastened to a bearing housing. As the head rotates, the rolls pass...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... B, and force at C on the convex side causes straightening. (a) Manual straightening with a grooved block. (b) Straightening in a press. (c) Simplest form of rotary straightening. (d) Two-roll straightening. (e) Five-roll straightening. (f 1 and f 2 ) Two arrangements of rolls for six-roll...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... completely cropped before subsequent rolling, becomes elongated and will be found in the center of the final product, as shown in ingot B in Fig. 1 . Fig. 1 Longitudinal sections of two types of ingots showing typical pipe and porosity. When the ingots are rolled into bars, these flaws become...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of various steel manufacturing processes, such as ingot casting, continuous casting, and hot rolling. It provides an outline of specialized processing routes of producing ultralow plain carbon steels, interstitial-free steels, high strength low-alloy steels, ultrahigh strength steels, stainless...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... material for short-run forming of small parts. This type of steel is not recommended without surface hardening except for quantities of less than 10,000 parts. In addition, hot-rolled mild steel can be used for dies where straightening facilities are available for correcting distortion induced by heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) or nonuniformity of cooling across or along the strand. Control of temperature distribution at the straightener and proper roll gap settings for slabs and blooms have also been noted as being very important. Electromagnetic stirring (EMS) of solidifying steel casting strands is often used to extend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forged and their typical TMP requirements, which exert a strong influence on forging part design and forging process selection. Titanium and its “terminal” alloys exist in two allotropic forms: Hexagonal close-packed (hcp) α phase Body-centered cubic (bcc) β phase Further, titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Forgeability and forging temperatures of various aluminum alloys Aluminum alloys are produced by all of the current forging methods available, including open-die (or hand) forging, closed-die forging, upsetting, roll forging, orbital (rotary) forging, spin forging, mandrel forging, ring rolling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Fig. 5 Two types of shearing lines for cutting coiled strip into flat sheets One type of flying-shear cutup line incorporates an uncoiler, straightening rolls, measuring rolls, a sliding-die shear, a runout conveyor, and a device for piling the sheared lengths ( Fig. 5 ). This type can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... are generally designated by the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) numbering system, the Unified Numbering System (UNS), or by the proprietary name of the alloy. In addition, designation systems have been established by most of the major industrial nations. Of the two institutional numbering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... properties of P/F-4600 hot re-pressed at two temperatures Re-pressing temperature Re-pressing stress Re-pressed density 0.2% offset yield strength Ultimate tensile strength Elongation, % Reduction in area, % Hardness, HV30 Charpy V-notch impact energy °C °F MPa ksi g/cm 3 lb/in. 3 MPa...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fracture surfaces, although fractures and fracture surfaces had been examined and studied for centuries as part of the science of metallurgy. The two chief metallurgical benefits of fractography are that it is a useful tool in failure analysis and it provides a means of correlating the influence of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... in acid and alkaline solutions. During the process, products of anodic metal dissolution react with the electrolyte to form a film at the metal surface. Two types of films have been observed: (a) a viscous liquid that is nearly saturated, or is supersaturated, with the dissolution products, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...-sintered iron. Source: Ref 1 . (c) Powder forged low-alloy steel. Source: Ref 2 There are two basic forms of powder forging: Hot upsetting , in which the preform experiences a significant amount of lateral metal flow during forging Hot repressing , in which metal flow during forging is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... remain in the furnace with less thermal or mechanical shock; these include support beams, hearth plates, combustion tubes, radiant tubes, burners, thermowells, roller and skid rails, conveyor rolls, walking beams, rotary retorts, pit-type retorts, muffles, recuperators, fans, and drive and idler drums...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fluctuations. This article begins with an overview of fatigue properties and design life. This is followed by a description of the two approaches to fatigue, namely infinite-life criterion and finite-life criterion, along with information on damage tolerance criterion. The article then discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... two general areas in which wet barrel finishing of aluminum parts is more critical than in processing similar parts made of steel. First, there is danger of surface contamination by ferrous metals, caused by the use of either a steel barrel or a steel medium. Second, the pH of the compounds is more...