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turbochargers

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Fig. 1 Ceramic precombustion chamber for the indirect-injection diesel engine Figure 2 shows the conceptual design of a turbocharger that incorporates a silicon nitride turbine. Fig. 2 Ceramic turbocharger with metal shaft attached near the compressor and bearing by adhesive bonding...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... are used as cylinder liners, exhaust manifolds, valve guides, gas turbine housings, turbocharger housings, nozzle rings, water pump bodies, and piston rings in aluminum pistons. Figure 3 shows the typical microstructure obtained in Ni-Resist irons. Fig. 3 Micrograph of a D-5S Ni-Resist ductile...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... 0.01 Pa (10 −4 mbar, or 7.5 × 10 −5 torr), while the mold lock would be evacuated to approximately 5 Pa (0.05 mbar, or 0.038 torr) within 1 min. Fig. 5 Shape casting with vacuum induction melting, (a) Computer-controlled vacuum furnace with mold chamber. (b) Precision-cast turbocharger wheels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... properties of the SG iron. Examples include bed plates for large diesel engines, crankcases, gearbox housing, turbocharger housing, connecting forks, bearing brackets, pulleys for truck servodrives, sprocket wheels, and eccentric gears. Because the thermal conductivity of CG iron is higher than that of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... chambers are independent, enabling integration of the CLI melt chamber with a conventional casting environment. This allows reactive alloys to be cast using essentially the same casting machine that is used to produce high-volume steel castings. This process is used for high-volume automotive turbocharger...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... volumetric shrinkage during HIP will be small, and no gross distortion of the part will occur. An example is shown in Fig. 11 where the intricate vanes of a turbocharger impeller cast of an aluminum alloy are seen in Fig. 11(a) . Figure 11(b) shows micrographs of the cross section of an impeller vane...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applications offer a significant weight savings over currently used metals. The applications include heat exchangers, automotive engine components such as turbocharger rotors and roller cam followers, power generation components, cutting tools, biomedical implants, and processing equipment used for fabricating...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... valves and turbochargers. Table 1 presents the characteristics of titanium aluminides alongside those of other aluminides; the creep behavior of titanium aluminides is compared with that of conventional titanium alloys in Fig. 17 . Despite a lack of fracture resistance (low ductility, fracture...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... used in demanding applications for over 80 years. From the introduction of Stellite (Deloro Stellite, Inc.) in the late 1920s, the dental alloy Vitallium (Howmedica Inc.) in the 1930s, the turbocharger alloys such as HS-31 and X-40 in the 1940s, through to today's (2008) technology, cobalt alloys have...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Examples include bed plates for large diesel engines, crankcases, gearbox housings, turbocharger housings, connecting forks, bearing brackets, pulleys for truck servodrives, sprocket wheels, and eccentric gears. Because the thermal conductivity of CG iron is higher than that of SG iron, CG iron is...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., connecting rods Reduced wear, antiseizing, cold start, lighter, conserves fuel, improved efficiency Copper/graphite Sliding electrical contacts Excellent conductivity and antiseizing properties Aluminum/SiC Turbocharger impellers High-temperature use Aluminum/glass or carbon microballoons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... II aircraft turbocharger blades, and, with modifications to enhance structural stability, was used successfully for many years in this and other elevated-temperature applications. This early high-temperature material, Stellite alloy 21, is still in use today (2016) but predominantly as an alloy for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... experimentally or in production in applications such as reciprocating engines, gas turbines, turbochargers, bearings, machinery, and process equipment. Metallic and ceramic powders as small as 5 μm (200 μin.) in diameter can be coated with nickel or iron by CVD by the fluidized bed technique. A typical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... more hostile and the temperature is higher than in gasoline engines, Tribaloy alloy T-400 (UNS R30400), a Laves-phase cobalt alloy, is still used on the valve trims. With the advent of turbochargers, which use exhaust gas to drive a turbine, alloy T-400 has become a preferred alloy for making the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... 800 °C, or 1110 to 1470 °F) and zirconium for solid-solution strengthening. Principal applications include turbochargers for heavy-duty diesel engines; automotive valves, valve seats, and pistons; high-temperature dies and molds; and cutting tools ( Ref 10 , Ref 11 , Ref 12 ). Ni 3 Al has been...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... include components used in the chemical and petrochemical industries, pollution control equipment, coal gasification and liquefaction systems, parts used in pulp and paper mills, aircraft gas turbines, team turbine power plants, turbochargers and valves in reciprocating engines, electrical and electronic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... include bed plates for large diesel engines, crank cases, gearbox and turbocharger housings, connecting forks, bearing brackets, pulleys for truck servo drives, sprocket wheels, and eccentric gears. Because the thermal conductivity of CG iron is higher than that of ductile iron, CG iron is preferred for...