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tubular specimens

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Stainless steels are iron-base alloys containing minimum of approximately 11% Cr, and owing to its excellent corrosion resistance, are used for wide range of applications. These applications include nuclear reactor vessels, heat exchangers, oil industry tubular, chemical processing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the classification, characteristics and temper designations of wrought aluminum alloys. Wrought aluminum products are available as flat-rolled products such as sheets, plates, and foils; rods, bars, and wires; tubular products such as tubes and pipes; extruded...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... plastic pattern is encased in a ceramic mold and removed by heat prior to the filling of the mold with molten metal. Axisymmetric parts, such as those of tubular shape, are sometimes produced by true centrifugal casting in a metal mold. For nonsymmetrical shapes, mold filling can be assisted by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... ) to 17 to 1 ( Ref 33 ). Many have chosen to use solid-bar specimens, some with a reduced gage section and transition fillets, whereas others have preferred tubular specimens. Solid specimens are favored for high-strain studies because thin-wall tubes have a tendency to buckle in this regime. Tubular...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-established length of time and then released. The specimen is removed and the indentation measured. The entire cycle, including indenting and measurement, requires approximately one minute. Fig. 2 Analog Brinell hardness tester Conventional Brinell hardness testers have limited use, for two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... = D 2 h , where h is the specimen thickness at any time in the test. If there is friction at the platen/specimen interface, then the specimen barrels as it deforms ( Fig. 3 ). When the friction is described by the interface friction factor 3 τ i / σ 0 both the slab...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... tubular braids appeared ( Ref 3 ), as well as an extended treatment of braids and braiding for a pressure hose, which is a flexible composite ( Ref 4 ). Since the 1980s, most of the published information on braids has been related to composites ( Ref 1 , 2 , 5 , 6 ). A large number of articles on...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... another method of magnetic testing. Perhaps the most prevalent use of the flux leakage method is widely used to inspect ferromagnetic tubular products, such as gas pipelines, down hole casing, and a variety of other forms of steel piping. The technique is highly developed for use in petroleum-industry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... tie rod adjusting sleeve for automobile steering system. Fig. 113 : Tubular part was made by cold forming cold-rolled sheet. 1.8×. Fig. 114 : Macrograph reveals fracture progressed at 90° to surface. (General Motors Research Laboratories) Bending impact fracture of SAE 1010 tie rod adjusting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... extrusion. The centrifugal technique is used primarily for the production of hollow components, but centrifugal casting is used to create solid parts. The centrifugal casting process is generally preferred for producing a superior-quality tubular or cylindrical casting, because the process is economical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... described previously, a Cu-Zn-Al coupling for copper and aluminum tubing has been developed. In this application, the Cu-Zn-Al shape memory cylinder shrinks on heating and acts as a driver to squeeze a tubular liner onto the tubes being joined. The joint strength is enhanced by a sealant coating on the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; 0.005 max C; 0.4 max others (total); bal Ti. Beta C is used in fasteners, springs, and torsion bars. It is also used for tubulars and casings in oil, gas, and geothermal wells. TIMETAL 21S; Beta 21S; 21S. R58210. 2.5 to 3.5 Al; 2.4 to 3.0 Nb; 14.0 to 16.0 Mo; 0.15 to 0.25 Si; 0.2 to 0.4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... or orthodox procedures are being followed and that defects or fractures truly reflect practical metal workability limitations. Most of the remarks in the previous section address flaw development as it occurs in round stock. In the case of tubular products, the remarks regarding surface...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... for a variety of applications. For instance, the use of ceramic heat exchangers in waste heat recovery has received extensive attention over the last 10 to 15 years. Commercial products now include plate-fin and tubular recuperators. Two similar applications are process heat exchange and power...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... beryllium ( Ref 52 ). A two-coating system was recommended for storage periods of 8 to 10 months in open atmospheric exposure. An epoxy primer has been effective for general protection of sheet and tubular components in communications satellite platform structures. The primer is used on all exposed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., and temperature. Figures 3 and 4 illustrate typical SSC data for alloy steels used in oil field tubular components ( Ref 3 ). The data shown are for high-strength steels now designated by the American Petroleum Institute in API Spec 5CT/ISO 11960 ( Ref 4 ). Certain proprietary grades are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... range of true axial plastic strain in a fatigue loading cycle, N f is the number of loading cycles to failure, and ε′ f and c are material property parameters. When the number of cycles exceeds the transition fatigue life N T , a smooth specimen will fail by high-cycle fatigue (HCF) according to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... submillimeter to micrometer, or micron, range. A micrometer is one millionth of a meter (10 −6 m). Nanoscale materials have particle dimensions orders of magnitude smaller, in the 1 to 100 nm range. Such particles, whose geometries are shown in Fig. 1 , could be spherical, tubular, platelike, or porous, as...