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tube forming

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., roll bending, and stretch bending), spinning, and straightening of bars, tubes, wires, rods and structural shapes. The article also discusses the machines and tools, including dies and mandrels, and lubricants used for these metal forming operations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...-sectional area or otherwise changing the shape of bars, tubes, or wires by repeated radial blows with two or more dies. The work is elongated as the cross-sectional area is reduced. The workpiece (starting blank) is usually round, square, or otherwise symmetrical in cross section, although other forms, such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... lubrication metal forming rod surface finishes tube wire IN THE DRAWING PROCESS, the cross-sectional area and/or the shape of a rod, bar, tube, or wire is reduced by pulling through a die. One of the oldest metalforming operations, drawing allows excellent surface finishes and closely controlled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... industries. Other names for this process include Roll Flo (LeFiell Manufacturing Co. Santa Fe Springs, CA) and Flow Turning (Lodge & Shipley Co.); similar processes include shear forming, spin forging, and tube spinning. One important benefit of the flow-forming process is the use of preforms for stock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Radial forging Upsetting Incremental forging Rolling Sheet rolling Shape rolling Tube rolling Ring rolling Rotary tube piercing Gear rolling Roll forging Cross rolling Surface rolling Shear forming Tube reducing Radial roll forming Extrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... complex forming operations, through the use of the finite element method, are also presented. axial deformation body centered-cubic sheets deformation texture finite element method forming plastic deformation rolled face-centered-cubic zirconium METALS are polycrystalline aggregates, that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on the various drive systems and the auxiliary equipment. It describes the selection of die materials and lubricants for sheet metal forming and provides information on the lubrication mechanisms and selection with a list of lubricant types for forming of specific sheet materials of ferrous or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... rolling, and rotary tube piercing, however, may not be computationally efficient. In these special applications, the arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) method recently has been used with great success. The heat-transfer model solves the energy balance equation. The three major modes of heat transfer...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Extrusion has limitations and cannot be used to make all products. It is best suited to fabricate shapes that are of a constant cross section and can be linearly formed. Typical products formed by extrusion are: Tubes or pipes (open or closed ends) Profiles of numerous shapes Rods Honeycombs...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account on forming operations (blanking, piercing, press-brake forming, contour rolling, deep drawing, cold forming, and hot forming) of various nonferrous metals, including aluminum alloys, beryllium, copper and its alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005950
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... higher CO 2 emissions as compared to conventional manufacturing methods such as forming and machining. Thus, the demand for sustainable and green manufacturing also compels manufacturers to think more on the improvement of the efficiency of heat treatment. In the last three decades, the computer...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., oil still tubes Structural and mechanical tubing do not follow this system of nomenclature. Instead, their names are derived from the method of fabrication and degree of finish, such as cold formed welded or seamless hot finished. Steel tubular products can be made by forming a flat skelp...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... various formed or machined fittings. In marine service, copper tube and pipe are used to carry potable water, seawater, and other fluids, but their chief application is in tube bundles for condensers, economizers, and auxiliary heat exchangers. Copper tube and pipe are used in food and beverage industries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... alloys used for parts that go through the furnaces, including trays, fixtures, conveyor chains and belts, and quenching fixtures and parts, and the parts that remain in the furnace such as combustion tubes, radiant tubes, burners, thermowells, roller and skid rails, baskets, pots, retorts, muffles, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., where the boiler water still contained oxygen (O 2 ). As the chelate removed iron oxide, the O 2 formed more iron oxide, and this uniform dissolution of steel reduced the tubing to the totally corroded condition shown. Moving the chelate addition to a point after the deaerator stopped the corrosion and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article provides information on the application of nondestructive examination (NDE) technologies to tube and pipe products. These include modeling and simulation methods, eddy-current methods, magnetic methods, acoustic methods, and physical methods. A summary of nondestructive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., including all operations that convert ingot into general mill products, such as billet, bar, plate, sheet, strip, tube, and wire. The section on secondary fabrication describes processes such as die forging, extrusion, hot and cold forming, machining, chemical milling, and joining. The article presents a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... pressure vessels, tanks, tubes, and cone shapes. Carbon-fiber- and fabric-reinforced epoxy resin is reinforced with carbon fibers to form unidirectional prepreg tapes suitable for filament winding of components such as pressure vessels, tanks, and pipes, as well as shapes of revolution. It is also used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... setup is shown in Fig. 14 . Molten polymer from the extruder head enters the die, where it flows around a mandrel and emerges through a ring-shaped opening in the form of a tube. The tube is expanded into a bubble of the required diameter by the pressure of internal air admitted through the center of...