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truncated cones

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Image
Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 2 Flattened contours. (a) Sphere. (b) Truncated cone More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 29 Relationship between crack width and stroke in truncated-cone indentation test for workability of various steels at cold forging temperatures. Source: Ref 58 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 5 Flattened contours (a) sphere and (b) truncated cone More
Image
Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 8 Rolling a truncated cone in a three-roll pyramid-type machine from a blank with preformed ends More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., namely, the pinch-roll type and the pyramid-roll type. It also lists the advantages of the pinch-roll machine, as compared to the pyramid-roll machine. The article analyzes the hot forming and cold forming processes for carbon or low alloy steel. It explains the procedure for forming truncated cones...
Image
Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 3 Illustration of variety of pin shapes and forms. (a) Scrolled shoulder tool and truncated cone pin containing three flats. (b) Concave shoulder with a round-bottomed pin. (c) Flat-bottomed pin. (d) Truncated cone pin with convex shoulder. (e) Stepped spiral pin. (f) Trivex pin More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., hardness and annealing temperatures must also be considered. Electrode materials for RSW have been classified by RWMA and in International Standards Organization (ISO) standard ISO 5182. When welding two sheets of thickness up to 3 mm ( 1 8 in.) using truncated cone-type electrodes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... , Ref 15 ) and establish the ability of residual hot work to promote recrystallization of a cast structure. A workability method that is very similar to the wedge test involves hot forging of so-called double-cone samples whose size is established based on the grain size of the cast microstructure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... at the anode surface. Effect of Cathode Tip Shape For the general case of straight polarity, DCEN, the tip of the tungsten alloy cathode is ground to a point and then truncated somewhat to prevent the sharp tip from burning off and contaminating the weld. The included angle of the cone and the diameter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Pa Compliance(t) = strain(t)/stress J 1/Pa Formulas for calculating shear rate and shear stress from geometry type and dimensions Table 2 Formulas for calculating shear rate and shear stress from geometry type and dimensions Parameter Cone and plate Parallel plate Shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., but must be determined separately for each material and/or application. The cone calorimeter uses a heater rod tightly wound into the shape of a truncated cone. The specimens are burned under ambient conditions while being exposed to the specified external heat flux. Oxygen concentration and exhaust...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... The OSU calorimeter uses four discrete silicon carbide heating elements. The heat release rate is measured by monitoring the temperature rise in the exhaust gas flow. The cone calorimeter uses a heater rod tightly wound into the shape of a truncated cone. The specimens are burned under ambient conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... freedom from ruptures in the notched area. Truncated-Cone Indentation Test This test involves the indentation of a cylindrical specimen by a conical tool. As a result of the indentation, cracking is made to occur beneath the surface of the testpiece at the tool/material interface. The reduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... and annealing temperatures must also be considered. Electrode materials for RSW have been classified by the RWMA ( Ref 2 ) and in International Standards Organization (ISO) standard ISO 5821 ( Ref 3 ). When welding two sheets of thickness up to 3 mm ( 1 8 in.) using truncated cone-type electrodes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... weld low-alloy steels, including W, W-25%Re, and W/Mo-Re-HfC alloys ( Ref 74 , 75 , 76 , 77 , 78 ). Tools made from these alloys are typically hemispherical or truncated-cone probes with very small shoulders and smooth surfaces ( Ref 79 ). Periodic redressing of the tool allows for an extended tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of the fibers in a layer of a cone to be in one direction and only have one joint per ply is impossible. The orientation of fibers in structures with realistic surface contours is a continuum problem that the designer must be aware of. Fig. 2 Flattened contours. (a) Sphere. (b) Truncated cone Many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... is a continuum problem that the designer must be aware of. Fig. 5 Flattened contours (a) sphere and (b) truncated cone Much of the above effort can be reduced by using tow placement. Individual tows or strips of preimpregnated material can be laid down using a multiaxis, multi-degree-of-freedom...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... shapes and forms. (a) Scrolled shoulder tool and truncated cone pin containing three flats. (b) Concave shoulder with a round-bottomed pin. (c) Flat-bottomed pin. (d) Truncated cone pin with convex shoulder. (e) Stepped spiral pin. (f) Trivex pin Shoulder Geometry The main functions of the tool...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... complicated morphology than indentation origins. Here, the origin looks like a truncated half-penny. In fact, the origin crack is intersected by a second crack (the narrow, bright feature at the impact site), and the origin flaw itself continues behind the fracture surface seen in the photograph. Nonetheless...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a cone, hence the term pipe. If not completely cropped before subsequent working, pipe may be carried through the various manufacturing processes to the finished product. The pipe becomes elongated and is found in the center of the final product, as shown in ingot B in Fig. 1 . The pipe also can...