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tribological testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract The influence of friction and wear on the function and structure of tribological systems is determined by various types of tribological tests. This article introduces the general categories of tribological testing and describes the basic objectives of testing. It reviews the results...
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 6 Common contact geometries for tribological testing including area, line, and point contacts More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the fundamentals of tribology. It describes the advantages, disadvantages, and applications of the pin-on-disk method, which is the most commonly used configuration for testing biomaterials and for the reproducible measurement of friction and wear...
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Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 11 Schematic representation of tribological simulative tests for sheet metal forming. Source: Ref 128 More
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Published: 12 September 2022
Fig. 5 (a) Electron micrographs for acid-etched Co-Cr-Mo alloy after surface laser melting along the interface. Tribological results display (b) the normalized wear rate for commercially available CoCr alloy and treated samples and (c) the contact resistance values during tribological testing More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... limit of polymer composites and polymer testing best practices. friction testing lubrication polymers wear rate wear testing TRIBOLOGY is the study of contacting materials in relative motion, more specifically the study of friction, wear, and lubrication ( Ref 1 ). The term tribology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... to the tribological behavior by providing oil-retention volumes. Coating adhesion strength is measured using standardized adhesion tests, for example according to DIN EN 582, “Thermal spraying; determination of the tensile adhesive strength of thermally sprayed coatings,” and ASTM C633, “Standard Test Method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... as tribology . The apparatus used for one tribological test can frequently be used for another, but friction, wear, and lubrication are distinct phenomena, and test procedures and interpretations vary. For example, a lubricant test evaluates the ability of a lubricant to withstand temperature, speed, or load...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract This article focuses on environmental and application factors in solid friction. It covers the tribology of contact between a soft and hard material, including mechanisms and testing. The article describes the tribology of contact between a metal and tool during metalworking processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of components for a variety of functional purposes in machinery, machining, transport, process control, and medical applications ( Ref 1 , 2 ). The purpose of the systems approach is twofold. Tribological parameters and the systems approach help in the development of tests that quantify the effects of friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... aimed at developing new materials, surface treatments, or lubricants. In this view, an important role is played by the characterization of the wear products in identifying the wear mechanism. This activity is very fruitful in tribological testing for obtaining the proper information to be used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and known as a hydrodynamic or turbo type. Focusing on friction, lubrication, and wear, i.e., tribology , of these components, positive displacement machines and turbomachinery have quite different issues. The positive displacement machines have many sliding parts to bear the high load...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... regime at higher shear rates. In vitro lubrication tests with any one of the components in synovial fluid have been performed by many researchers to understand the individual protein/constituent contributions to the tribological behavior of synovial fluids. Protein components of synovial fluid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... for a friction unit is always laborious work, requiring search of published data as well as laboratory studies and tests. Development of databases and expert systems facilitates this work and reduces time spent in design of efficient materials for friction units. Polymers in Tribological Applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... that should be addressed to ensure that valid data are derived from a friction test. The article presents definitions of terms commonly used in tribology such as static friction, kinetic coefficient of friction, stick-slip behavior, and lubricated friction. It provides information on the precautions that must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., and nanomaterials. The article also reviews the properties of lubricants. It describes the tribological evaluation of lubricants, including stribeck test, four-ball test, block-on-ring test, pin-in-vee test, and reciprocating motion test. lubrication coefficient of friction hydrodynamic lubrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the only way in which a certain tribological phenomenon can appear. Fig. 1 Abrasive wear of the surface of 1020 steel abraded by 220-grit SiC paper showing characteristic grooves and attached, tiny cutting chips. Courtesy of L.K. Ives, NIST Fig. 2 AFS 50-70 test sand particles used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... tribological conditions. At the end of this text there are 17 selected references that describe a wide range of rolling contact machines from recent work to those that started the modern era. These machines and others supply data to the goal of providing ]an accelerated test that could contribute to better...
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Published: 31 December 2017
Fig. 10 Temperature profiles in simulations of ring compression test. (a) Constant heat transfer coefficient of U = 20 kW/m 2 °C and m = 0.2 at 20% reduction in thickness. (b) Constant heat transfer coefficient of U = 20 kW/m 2 °C and m = 0.2 at 80% reduction in thickness. (c More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the failure mode depends on the tribological conditions selected for individual investigation, some test conditions adopted in RCF tribometers can accelerate the RCF failure, for example, by either increased contact loading or increased rolling velocity. This alters the elastic/plastic (shakedown) response...