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transverse tension

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., and sporting goods. This article describes the damping characteristics of unidirectional composites, when they are subjected to longitudinal shear, longitudinal tension/compression, and transverse tension/compression. It presents equations that govern the overall damping capacity of beams that are cut from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... illustrate the ductile fracture, interlaminar failure, transgranular cleavage and fracture, tension-overload fracture, longitudinal and transverse cracking, fiber splitting, stress rupture, and low-cycle fatigue of these composites. ductile to brittle transition fractograph metal-matrix composites...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... refer to fiber, matrix, longitudinal, and transverse, respectively. Fig. 10 Damage initiation, propagation, and ultimate failure of biaxially loaded E-glass/epoxy composite tubes. σ 2 t and σ 2 c are axial tension and compression. τ 12 is in-plane shear stress. Fig. 8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Tensile Properties of Hoop Wound Polymer Matrix Composite Cylinders Transverse tension D 5467 Compressive Properties of Unidirectional Polymer Matrix Composites Using a Sandwich Beam In-plane compression D 5766/D 5766M Open Hole Tensile Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates Open-hole...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... and bend specimens for testing of full-penetration groove welds. (a) Reduced-section tension specimen. (b) Round tension specimen. (c) Bend specimen Transverse Tension Tests Bend Tests Notch Toughness Tests The procedure qualification of fillet welds typically involves T-joint test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Ultimate failure load Failure mode Ultimate load Failure mode MPa ksi MPa ksi MPa ksi N x x 2 h 308 44.7 Axial tension, 0° plies 308 44.7 Axial tension, 0° plies 250 36.5 Axial tension, 0° plies N y y 2 h 75.2 10.9 Transverse...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... such as off-axis testing, shear, and/or compression testing generates much worse results. Many laminates show runouts at 10 8 cycles at 50 to 70% of the tensile strength, when loaded in tension. However, substantial microcracking in the matrix can accumulate in off-axis or transverse plies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... that the surface free energy of the matrix should be less than the surface free energy of the solid. Most polymers have low values of surface free energy (tension), that is, 20 to 45 mJ/m 2 , which decrease slightly with increasing temperature. Solids, on the other hand, can have surface energies that vary over...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005557
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... Qualification of an individual can be revoked if their ability to produce satisfactory welds comes into question. Transverse tension tests are performed on full-penetration groove welds to determine the tensile strength of the weld region. The specimens can be full-section or reduced-section rectangular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... specimens. Study required for effects of tabs and thickness. Effects of transverse tension may be important in some cases. 2 Iosipescu, ASTM D 5379 Acceptable. Correction factor and measurement of all strains with rosettes and back-to-back gages may be required. 1 Rail shear rectangular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... into the model. The sudden increase in strain in the predicted curves signifies specimen failure. Source: Ref 18 Fig. 3 Three-phase model for analyzing MMCs. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 4 A typical stress-strain curve under transverse loading when the interface bond strength is weak. Debonding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... because of edge effects in a narrow ring and the nonuniformity of ply-to-ply strain. The ring tests are useful to develop ultimate tensile values, but not moduli. Three test methods have been adopted to evaluate unidirectional ply properties. These are transverse tension, compression, and in- plane shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Longitudinal Transverse Transverse to parting line Longitudinal Transverse Transverse to parting line Longitudinal Transverse Transverse to parting line Tension test with standard unnotched specimens Tensile strength  MPa 1315 1315 1295 1360 1365 1360 1625 1650 1655  ksi 191...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... °F) until no further weight loss was detected. They were tested in a dry oven at the temperatures noted.)(L. Clements, San Jose State University, and J.C. Liu, Cornell University) Fig. 1296 Fracture surface of a transverse (90°) carbon/epoxy specimen that failed in tension. The specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... increases. When the percentage of 0° plies increases to 100%, the transverse tension strength drops dramatically. Good design practice limits this sort of extreme example, but the dangers of extrapolation exist for most failure modes. Interpolation between two or more values is acceptable as long...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... B4.0 for two orientations of fillet welds (transverse to the tension loading and longitudinal to the tension loading) ( Ref 8 , 9 ). The transverse specimen is a double lap specimen with loaded fillet welds, as shown in Fig. 1 . The longitudinal specimen is a combination of two lapped shear plates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... - and y -directions, respectively MPa psi “f” subscript indicates it is the modulus for the face being checked. f x flat , f y flat Flatwise tension or compression stresses at the ramp radii MPa psi … f x f , f y f In-plane facesheet stress in x - and y -direction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... with Tension Levelers Stationary Shear Lines Flying Shear Lines Blanking Lines Cut-to-Length Line Capability Pull-through Slitting Lines Driven Slitters Help-Driven-Type Slitters Roller Leveler Tension Leveler Buckles Wavy Edges Herringbone Transverse (Cross) Bow...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on a controlling section of the casting, the size of test bar that corresponds, approximately to the cooling rate expected in that section is specified by letter (see Table 4 ). Tension and transverse tests on bars cast specifically for such tests are the most common for evaluating the strength of gray iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... usually skewed, with the diaphragms placed perpendicular to the longitudinal girders. Cracking was initially observed at the ends of the transverse connection plate, which was cut short of the tension flange by 25 to 50 mm (1 to 2 in.). Cracking has since developed along the web-flange weld. A more...