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transverse shear stiffness

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... stiffness effects. The article presents the study of instability associated with postbuckling behavior and hygrothermal buckling in composite sandwich panels and shell panels. composites orthotropic plates anisotropic plates unsymmetric plates transverse shear stiffness postbuckling hygrothermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Transverse Displacement Interferometer with an Application to Impact of Y-Cut Quartz , J. Appl. Phys. , Vol 48 , 1977 , p 4132 – 4139 10.1063/1.323448 84. Chhabildas L.C. , Sutherland H.J. , and Asay J.R. , Velocity Interferometer Technique to Determine Shear-Wave Particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Lap-joint shear specimen configuration. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 5 Blanking-shear test configuration In all cases of through-thickness shear testing, the shear stress is perpendicular to the grain orientation in the bar or sheet. For this reason, the test fixtures for transverse shear...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Advanced thermoplastics are stiff, moldable plastics that compete with traditional engineering thermoplastics and thermosets owing to their good tensile, compressive, impact, and shear strength, electrical properties, and corrosion resistance. This article discusses commercial forms...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... describes the damping characteristics of unidirectional composites, when they are subjected to longitudinal shear, longitudinal tension/compression, and transverse tension/compression. It presents equations governing the overall damping capacity of beams that are cut from laminated plates. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... material in a component could vary from one point to another and from one component to another. The article illustrates the estimation of probability of failure with an example. It discusses the designing and selection of materials for static strength and stiffness. The article describes the various causes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... an iron catalyst and a hydrocarbon gas ( Ref 2 , 3 ). High-modulus carbon fibers (≥200 GPa, or 30 × 10 6 psi) require that the stiff graphene (hexagonal) layers be aligned approximately parallel to the fiber axis. (The low shear modulus between the planes significantly decreases fiber stiffness for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... before, is the bond stiffness. If shear breaks bonds, the strength of a solid should be roughly (Eq 4) σ y ≈ F r o 2 = S 10 r o = E 10 The chart shows that for some polymers it is. Most solids are weaker, for two reasons. First, nonlocalized bonds (those in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... ultimate strength ( e / D = 2.0), MPa (ksi) 924 (134) Not measured Shear strength (longitudinal), MPa (ksi) 296 (43) Not measured Density, g/cm 3 (lb/in. 3 ) 2.80 (0.101) 2.83 (0.102) The DRA sheet provided a 40% increase in specific stiffness over the baseline design. This increased...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... alloys; and increased stiffness and/or reduced density for aluminum alloys to compete with organic composites. An appendix provides a detailed account of the properties, processing, and applications of conventionally pressed and sintered aluminum P/M alloys. alloy design research degassing and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... principal material shear modulus than by the transverse extensional stiffness. Fig. 3 Variation of E x with angle of rotation and G 12 for typical graphite-epoxy materials The curves of Fig. 3 can also be used to determine the modulus E y , simply by reversing the angle scale. Thus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... machine stiffness on the test results is also described, along with a general assessment of test accuracy, precision, and repeatability of modern equipment. testing machines strain sensor gear-driven machines screw-driven machines servohydraulic machines force measurement strain measurement...
Book Chapter

By Paul J. Walsh
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and characteristics of carbon fibers in terms of axial structure, transverse structure, and interfacial bonding. The article discusses the typical applications of carbon fibers, including aerospace and sporting goods. It concludes with a discussion on anticipated developments in carbon fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... lamina under tension, compression, and shear loading is given in terms of the lamina coordinate system shown in Fig. 1 . The strength and stiffness properties are defined in Table 1 . If the material is transversely isotropic, then the indicated properties need not be determined. The fracture toughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003980
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... crankshafts. Because the transverse action of the moving die and the longitudinal action of the heading tool are available for forging in two directions, hot upset forging is not limited to simple gripping and heading operations. The die motion can be used for swaging, bending, shearing, slitting, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... critical issue in fatigue and generally results from high interlaminar normal and shear stresses. The article schematically illustrates the structural elements in which high interlaminar stresses are common. It concludes with a discussion on the classification of fatigue models, such as mechanistic or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... shown significant benefit. These include notched (open and/or filled hole) tension and compression, inter/intralaminar shear and tension, and pin bearing. structural sizing test-analysis correlation notched compression intralaminar shear intralaminar tension notched tension pin bearing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... reduced 3 to 5% by deformations of 1 to 3%. Shear strength is defined as the force required to shear cylindrical members on transverse sections, the force required to punch holes in plate and structural shapes, and the resistance to failure of members under torsional loads. Methods used to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract Ultrasonic welding (UW), as a solid-state joining process, uses an ultrasonic energy source and pressure to induce oscillating shears between the faying surfaces to produce metallurgical bonds between a wide range of metal sheets and wires. This article reviews the models of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., tensile, compressive, hardness, torsion and bend, shear load, shock, and fatigue and creep testings. It describes the design criteria for combined properties derived from each of the mechanical testing. The article concludes with a discussion on the effect of environment on the mechanical properties...