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transmitted polarized light

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Fig. 1 Honeycomb sandwich structure composite cross section (∼1 μm ultrathin section) showing differences in the constituents and resin intermingling. Transmitted crossed polarized light with a 530 nm compensator plate. This micrograph and the insets are expanded to 200× magnification. (A–C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to view a specimen. These consist of epi-bright-field illumination, epi-dark-field illumination, epi-polarized light, and epi-fluorescence. The article also provides information on transmitted light microscopy. References References 1. Mallick P.K. , Fiber-Reinforced Composites, Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... shown in Fig. 1 . (a) Micrograph showing the matrix strains in the composite after impact. The arrows indicate areas of strain birefringence in the matrix. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 20× objective. (b) Hackle formation in the interlayer region. Transmitted polarized light, full wave...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... fiber composite that were exposed to different cooling rates. (a) Slow cooled. (b) Fast cooled followed by annealing. (c) Fast cooled. Transmitted polarized light, 100× objective Fig. 3 Matrix morphology differences of an engineering thermoplastic glass fiber composite that was exposed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Crystallinity in thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composites. (a) Crystalline region in the center area of a woven carbon fabric composite cross section. Ultrathin section, transmitted polarized light with a full wave plate (540 nm), 20× objective. (b) Fiber-induced spherulite growth. Ultrathin section...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-temperature thermoplastic-matrix composite. Transmitted polarized light, 40× objective Fig. 3 Sketch of the primary mount and flashing that must be trimmed to fit into a vacuum chuck and hand vise Fig. 4 Vacuum chuck used for holding the sample while cutting a 1 mm (0.04 in.) thick section...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...× objective. (c) Polarized light, 25× objective. (d) Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 25× objective. (e) Epi-fluorescence, 390–440 nm, 25× objective. (f) Transmitted light, Hoffman modulation contrast, 20× objective ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Fig. 10 Relative directions of the electric field intensity ( E ), the magnetic field intensity ( H ), and the direction of propagation ( z ) for a linearly polarized, plane electromagnetic wave Fig. 11 Diagram of a linearly polarized, sinusoidally varying, plane electromagnetic wave...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Fig. 8 Schematic of reflectance instrument Fig. 1 Schematic of light reflected and transmitted at film interfaces. The outgoing beam is a combination of all of the rays emerging from film from the top interface. Each material is characterized by the index of refraction N 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... metal foil on the surface for protection. (a) Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 4× objective. (b) Transmitted light (ultrathin section), circular polarized light, 4× objective. The impregnation outline of the epoxy casting resin can be seen surrounding the metal nugget. Fig. 14 Carbon fiber...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials. A transparent material that has a refractive index (that is, relative velocity of transmission) that remains the same regardless of the direction or the polarization of transmitted light is said to be isotropic. A material for which the refractive index depends on the direction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... (i.e., light-gray circles). Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 50× objective. (b) Ultrathin section developed from a particle-modified toughened interlayer composite that was sectioned through the thickness. Transmitted light, Hoffman modulation contrast, 40× objective. (c) Ultrathin section...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the three Faraday effect geometries identified by the relative orientation of the incident polarized light transmitted compared to the magnetization direction. (a) Longitudinal Faraday effect: oblique incidence of polarized light transmitted through a material with magnetization in the plane of the sample...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... irradiated with infrared light (photons), a sample can transmit, scatter, or absorb the incident radiation. Absorbed infrared radiation usually excites molecules into higher-energy vibrational states. This can occur when the energy (frequency) of the light matches the energy difference between two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-absorption attachment. M, mirror Fig. 1 Optical diagram of a double-beam grating spectrometer. M, mirror; G, grating; S, slit. Courtesy of Perkin-Elmer Abstract Abstract Infrared (IR) spectra have been produced by transmission, that is, transmitting light through the sample, measuring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... nodules in cast iron. (a) Bright-field illumination. (b) Differential interference-contrast illumination. (c) Crossed polarized light illumination. 2% nital. 400× Fig. 33 AF 1410 alloy steel. (a) Highly tempered lath martensite is difficult to study under bright-field illumination. (b) Crossed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...) With a larger defect and transmission blocked. (d) Example of a pitch-catch measurement, with sound reflected from the defect and back wall. Adapted from Ref 2 Fig. 3 Schematic of digital ultrasound unit in which T/R is a transmit-receive connection for a single transducer, and R is the receive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... longer than those of light waves, microwaves penetrate deeply into materials, with the depth of penetration dependent on the conductivity, permittivity, and permeability of the materials. Microwaves are also reflected from any internal boundaries and interact with the molecules that constitute...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... longer than those of light waves, microwaves penetrate deeply into materials, with the depth of penetration dependent on the conductivity, permittivity, and permeability of the materials. Microwaves are also reflected from any internal boundaries and interact with the molecules that constitute...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... components: σ − , π, and σ + , which differ in both energy and the plane of light polarization (the Voigt effect) ( Ref 3 , 9 ). While the π component interacts with light polarized parallel to the applied magnetic field at the normal transition wavelength, the two σ components absorb light...