1-20 of 183 Search Results for

transmitted polarized light

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Honeycomb-cored sandwich panels increase part stiffness at a lower weight than monolithic composite materials. This article illustrates an area of a honeycomb-cored sandwich structure composite cross section that is viewed using transmitted polarized light. This area shows...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 10 Fracture morphology of a primary-phase-toughened matrix composite after impact. (a) Onset of hackle formation and strain in front of the crack tip. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 40× objective. (b) Hackles in the interlayer region of the composite. Transmitted polarized More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
plane. Transmitted polarized light, 10× objective. (b) Sectioned through the thickness and parallel to the fiber plane. Transmitted polarized light, 40× objective. (c) Close-up view of a spherulite that nucleated at the tip of a carbon fiber. Transmitted polarized light, 100× objective More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
polarized light, full wave plate, 20× objective. (b) Hackle formation in the interlayer region. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 40× objective. (c) Fracture in the interlayer area. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 40× objective More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 4 Crystallinity in thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composites. (a) Crystalline region in the center area of a woven carbon fabric composite cross section. Ultrathin section, transmitted polarized light with a full wave plate (540 nm), 20× objective. (b) Fiber-induced spherulite growth More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 12 Fracture morphology in a particle interlayer-toughened thermoset-matrix composite. (a) Strain birefringence in the interlayer particles. Transmitted polarized light, 20× objective. (b) Some of the particles are found to bridge the formed cracks, and some particles are torn. Transmitted More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 7 Micrographs of an untoughened-matrix carbon fiber composite material after impact damage. (a) Fracture morphology showing no signs of hackle formation. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 40× objective. (b) Area ahead of the crack tip. Transmitted polarized light, full wave More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 2 Ultrathin section of an area of a honeycomb sandwich composite structure showing the effects of core movement during manufacturing and the resulting deformation and separation of the prepreg plies. (a) Transmitted crossed polarized light, 20× objective. (b and c) Transmitted polarized More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., including matrix strains and fracture morphology, can be determined with the development of ultrathin sections and transmitted polarized light or one of many other contrast methods. Through the use of these techniques, a complete analysis of the damage response of fiber-reinforced composite materials...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 13 Crystals formed in a high-temperature thermoplastic-matrix composite. Transmitted polarized light, 40× objective More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... differential scanning calorimetry, x-ray analysis, or density measurements, these analytical methods provide little, if any, information on the origin and microstructure of the crystallinity in the composite. To determine the morphology of thermoplastic-matrix composites, transmitted polarized-light microscopy...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 8 Hackle formation in a high-temperature thermosetting-matrix composite after impact. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 40× objective More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 13 Fiber-matrix interfacial failure in an interlayer-toughened thermoset-matrix composite. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 20× objective More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 9 Interlayer strain and fracture after impact of a toughened thermo-setting-matrix composite. Transmitted polarized light, full wave plate, 40× objective More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 3 Matrix morphology differences of an engineering thermoplastic glass fiber composite that was exposed to different cooling rates. (a) Slow cooling rate. (b) Quenched to room temperature. Micrographs were taken from ultrathin sections. Transmitted polarized light, 40× objective More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 2 Micrographs taken from ultrathin sections of a high-temperature thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composite that were exposed to different cooling rates. (a) Slow cooled. (b) Fast cooled followed by annealing. (c) Fast cooled. Transmitted polarized light, 100× objective More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-fluorescence. The article also provides information on transmitted light microscopy. composite materials epi-bright-field illumination epi-dark-field illumination epi-fluorescence epi-polarized light failure analysis illumination methods mounting polishing quality control reflected light...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...: Bright field Polarized light Phase contrast Differential interference contrast (DIC), also known as Nomarski Modulation contrast, also known as Hoffman modulation contrast Epi-illumination Optical staining The various methods of transmitted optical microscopy are used to enhance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... section. Ultrathin section, transmitted polarized light with a full wave plate (540 nm), 20× objective. (b) Fiber-induced spherulite growth. Ultrathin section, transmitted polarized light with a full wave plate (540 nm), 20× objective. (c) Large spherulitic growth in a carbon fiber composite. Ultrathin...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 19 An illustration of the three Faraday effect geometries identified by the relative orientation of the incident polarized light transmitted compared to the magnetization direction. (a) Longitudinal Faraday effect: oblique incidence of polarized light transmitted through a material More