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transfer ladles

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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 10 Pile of white dross collected after the turbulent fill of a transfer ladle of A380 alloy in a die casting plant. The aluminum content of the material is +95%. More
Image
Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 1 Metal being tapped from a holding furnace into a transfer ladle, causing aluminum oxide films to crumble, thicken, and encapsulate unoxidized molten aluminum, generating wet dross More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... in the foundries. It describes the applications of the aluminum fluxing such as crucible furnaces, transfer ladles, reverberatory furnaces, and holding/casting furnaces. crucible furnaces reverberatory furnaces aluminum fluxing solid fluxes gas fluxes foundry operation cover fluxes drossing fluxes...
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 22 Porous disc filtration analysis results on 380 die cast alloy. Flux injection in transfer ladle followed by settling and filtration in casting furnace More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... furnaces or transport crucibles, molten-metal transfer pumps, teeming ladles, and dosing and pouring furnaces. degassing pouring furnaces molten-metal treatments fluxing molten-metal filtration launders tundishes holding furnaces transport crucibles molten-metal transfer pumps teeming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
...,</xref><xref rid="a0006535-ref4" ref-type="bibr">4)</xref> Fluxing is a term commonly used in foundries, especially within the melting department workforce, to refer only to the addition of inorganic chemical compounds to clean molten aluminum alloy baths in either the furnaces (melting or holding) or the transfer ladles. Fluxing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... alloy as a cover material to provide a delay in the start of the reaction and provide the required inoculation. In another variation the treatment ladle is simply converted to a transfer ladle with the correct pre-weighed amount of base iron. The base iron is transported to the pouring area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... 100 (a) Charge is made after three transfer ladles (7210 kg, or 15,900 lb) of hot metal have been tapped from the furnace. No hot metal is tapped during the charging sequence. All three buckets are charged in sequence, and the charge is completely melted before another charge is added. Maximum...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... after the turbulent fill of a transfer ladle of A380 alloy in a die casting plant. The aluminum content of the material is +95%. The problem is compounded by the fact that not all of the oxides generated in the turbulent transfer are collected in the dross layer on the surface of the melt. Often...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... in a melting furnace or transfer ladle, residual flux inclusions may not become fully skimmed or removed from the surface nor have time to either float out or sediment. If these flux inclusions do become entrapped within the casting, they create sources for galvanic corrosion to take place. Typical solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... sulfur levels down to 0.01% to 0.02% (S) Fe . The desulfurized hot metal usually is transported in the torpedo car from the blast furnace to the steelmaking shop, where it is emptied into the transfer ladle. As mentioned, any slag carryover into the hot metal transfer ladle needs to be removed prior...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... The preferred solution is to supply heat to the ladle, maintaining the alloy at minimal superheat during refining. This can be accomplished by induction heating, or the transferred arc plasma torch, with the added benefit of enhanced refining reactions that aid in the production of clean metal with low levels...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) or in the ladle (VOD). The parameters that favor the choice of ladles as reaction vessels include the following: Tapping, treatment, and teeming are done in the same reaction vessel. Thus, there are no temperature losses due to any final transfer of the melt, and the high level of cleanliness achieved...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... 4400 Coke 115 250 … … … … Ferrosilicon … … 45 100 45 100 (a) Charge is made after three transfer ladles (7210 kg, or 15,900 lb) of hot metal have been tapped from the furnace. No hot metal is tapped during the charging sequence. All three buckets are charged in sequence...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... as it flows from the transfer ladle to the pouring ladle. Stream inoculation is the addition of the inoculant to the pouring stream as the metal enters the mold. Mold inoculation involves placing the inoculant in the mold, usually at the base of the sprue. These last three methods are referred to as “late...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for further refining with oxygen that reduces the silicon, manganese, and carbon to acceptably low levels in the resulting steel. The steel is then tapped or poured into refractory-lined ladles. During this tapping operation, alloying elements that will determine the final chemistry of the steel are added...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... to radiation ( Ref 1 ). Without proper care, the life of the crucible furnace may be short. Temperature control may also be difficult. Applications In the metals industry, most crucibles are used to melt, hold, and/or transfer nonferrous metals—commonly aluminum, zinc, and their alloys and copper...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is now solidified in continuous casting operations, the original method for casting steel involved solidifying into ingots. This is still the preferred method for certain specialty, tool, forging, and remelted steels. The molten steel is transferred from the steelmaking vessel to a refractory-lined ladle...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... hole, water-cooling system, preheat and furnace scrap burners, and ladles. The article describes the acid and basic steelmaking practices. It discusses the raw materials used, oxidation process, methods of heat reduction, and deoxidation process in the practices. The article provides a discussion...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., the temperature of the molten metal and its solidification characteristics, and the heat-transfer characteristics and thermal stability of the mold. Many foundries, however, are required to pour many different castings from one heat, or even from one ladle. Therefore, these foundries do not attempt to control...