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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a discussion on various types of glasses: traditional glasses, specialty glasses, and glass ceramics. It provides information on glazes and enamels and reviews the broad classes of ceramic materials. These include whitewares, structural clay products...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the applications of traditional glasses in architecture, transportation, construction, houseware, containers, and fibers. It also describes uses of specialty glasses for aerospace and military applications, biomedical and dental applications, chemical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the types, properties, and applications of traditional and advanced ceramics and glasses. Principal product areas for traditional ceramics include whitewares, glazes, porcelain enamels, structural clay products, cements, and refractories...
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 1 Estimated worldwide sales of ceramics. Does not include sales of glass products, which is estimated to be approximately $58 billion (1996). (a) Sales of traditional/industrial ceramics (1996). (b) Distribution of whiteware sales (1992). (c) Distribution of porcelain enamel sales (1992). (d More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... be consistently repeated. Finally, pultruded shapes can be made as large as required because equipment can be built in any size. A corollary advantage of larger equipment is its ability to produce multiple cavities of the same or different profiles, which enables pultrusion to compete with traditional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Polyacid-modified composite resins (PMCRs), known as compomers, were introduced in the early 1990s and were presented as a new class of dental materials designed to combine the esthetics of traditional composite resins with the fluoride release and adhesion of glass-ionomer cements (GICs). The name...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... machining plastic forming probabilistic design traditional ceramics wet processing THE CERAMICS AND GLASSES INDUSTRY has estimated annual sales of between $100 and $200 billion worldwide. Ceramic production accounts for about 45% of the entire world market for manufactured ceramics and glasses...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... properties electrical properties glass-ceramics glass-matrix composites glasses magnetic properties mechanical properties optical properties physical properties thermal properties THE TRADITIONAL DEFINITION OF GLASS, according to ASTM ( Ref 1 ), is “an inorganic product of fusion that has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... combinations of properties that cannot be achieved any other way. Perhaps the best example is printed circuit boards (PCBs) for which dielectric properties are critical. The most common PCB material, E-glass fiber-reinforced epoxy, was first developed over a half century ago. In addition to microelectronic...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... processes. The exception is the case of glass formation. Factors such as temperature prior to nucleation or solidification-front velocity are natural to solidification theory. Detailed information on solidification theory can be found in this Handbook in the Section “Principles of Solidification.” The next...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and the availability of design standards and application specifications will enable pultruded composites to become a traditional material alongside steel, wood, and aluminum in the 21st century. Technique Characteristics Of the six basic elements in the pultrusion process, the three that precede the pultrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and latitude in structural design. The most commonly used constituent materials include fibers of glass, carbon, and aramid, followed by various high-temperature ceramics. In addition, a host of polymeric resins are used, as well as metallic alloys and even ceramics. However, the constituent materials continue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract The large majority of the commercially important glasses are processed from a carefully calculated batch of raw materials that is then melted in special furnaces. Providing an introduction to melting practices of glass production, this article focuses on various finishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of the project was to see if a vehicle could be designed to save 70% of the mass versus a traditional steel body. It uses woven glass, aramid, and carbon-fiber thermoset-matrix PMC that also achieves class “A” surfaces. Aluminum honeycomb sandwich composites were also used. Basic modeling techniques were used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... rather than verifying that a correct heat treatment or surface treatment has been applied to a body. Hardness of ceramics is important for characterizing ceramic cutting tools, wear and abrasion resistant parts, prosthetic hip joint balls and sockets, optical lens glasses (for scratch resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., and ceramic and glass manufacturing industries. ceramics computer-aided design forming glass processing polymers thermal barrier coatings thermal spray coating THE FOLLOWING SECTIONS are selected applications published in the previous edition of the Handbook of Thermal Spray Technology...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... subjected to high wear and chemical agents. They may also be produced in the glazed condition. Emerging Materials The change in firing technology from the traditional double firing to fast single-firing processes has enabled production of ceramic tiles with a glass-ceramic glaze ( Ref 10...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the environment and the metal. Inorganic coatings include enamels, glass linings, and conversion coatings. Porcelain enamel coatings are inert in water and resistant to most weather. They are common on appliances and plumbing fixtures. Glass-lined metals are used in process industries where there is concern over...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., and porosity in traditional ceramics. It is also useful for identifying flaws and defects in ceramics and glasses, as well as relatively planar fracture surfaces. However, it is limited in that many ceramic microstructures, particularly those of advanced ceramics, are either at or beneath the scale...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... behavior Glass transition Mechanical modulus Damping behavior Softening Viscous flow Crystallization and melting Phase separation Gelation Structural change Composition of blends Filler activity Material defects Curing reactions Crosslinking reactions...