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traction testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
...Abstract Abstract Simulation programs are becoming more effective tools in reducing the need for physical testing and the avoidance of costly downstream problems by solving the problems upfront in the early development stage. This article provides a brief review of the history and applied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , Compos. Sci. Technol. , Vol 59 , 1999 , p 1597 – 1607 36. Brenet P. , Conchin F. , Fantozzi G. , Reynaud P. , and Tallaron C. , Direct Measurement of Crack Bridging Tractions: a New Approach to the Fracture of Ceramic Composites , Compos. Sci. Technol. , Vol 56...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... , Looijenga K. , and Ramirez X. , “DC Frame Fault & Ground Fault Field Testing On TriMet Portland Light Rail System,” 2005 ASME/IEEE Joint Rail Conference ( Pueblo, CO ), March 2005 2. Heilig T. , Memo—The Grounding Diode in Tri-Met's System , Tri-Country Metropolitan...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a background of friction-bearing failures due to overheating. The failures of locomotive axles caused by overheated traction-motor support bearings are discussed. The article also describes liquid-metal embrittlement (LME) in steel. It examines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... Gunsel S. , Korcek S. , Smeeth M. , and Spikes H. , Tribol. Trans ., Vol 42 ( No. 3 ), 1999 , p 559 – 569 10.1080/10402009908982255 9. Jackson A. , Webster M.N. , and Enthoven J.C. , The Effect of Lubricant Traction on Scuffing , Tribol. Trans ., Vol 37...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.../roll ratios; traction measurements; designed forceramics. ( Ref 26 ) OD, outside diameter. Source: Ref 21 Fig. 4 NASA five-ball RCF testing apparatus. (See Table 1 .) Source: Ref 22 Fig. 5 Flat washer RCF testing apparatus. (See Table 1 .) Source: Ref 22 Fig. 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... at the origin. (b) Profiles of the spall. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 3 Multiple spall near a race shoulder Fig. 8 Stress distributions at a contact subsurface Fig. 12 Contact stress-life plots for lives based on the inverse power load-life law and bearing tests with ideal operating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
..., green lubricants, and nanomaterials. The article also reviews the properties of lubricants. It describes the tribological evaluation of lubricants, including stribeck test, four-ball test, block-on-ring test, pin-in-vee test, and reciprocating motion test. References References 1. Dowson D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... as determined by tests on actual gears Using oil with low traction coefficient Using oil with high pressure-viscosity coefficient Avoiding oils with aggressive antiscuff additives Avoiding oils with viscosity index improvers Keeping oil cool Keeping oil free of solid contaminants Keeping...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... plates has been found to generate cavitation. The two alloys were tested under uniaxial tension at constant true strain rate ( Ref 8 ) at 450 to 550 °C and 10 −4 to 10 −2 s −1 (aluminum alloy) or 600 to 850 °C and 10 −2 to 3 s −1 (the titanium alloy), representing superplastic forming and hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... inertia effect in the specimen and in the bars and the radial traction component that can be imposed (if friction is not eliminated) at the interfaces between the specimen and the bars in the compression test. Today these reasons no longer seem as important because the results from torsional tests have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Impulse Test,” Sixth Int. Conf. on Exp. Stress Analysis (Munich), Sept 1978 40. Itou S. , An Experiment on the Behaviour Around the Tips of an Interface Crack , Eng. Fract. Mech. , Vol 37 ( No. 1 ), 1990 , p 145 – 150 41. Martensson N. , Stenborg A. , Bjorneholm...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... by Scientific Information Consultants, Ltd.), Vol 3 , 1974 , p 49 – 52 10. Bayer R.G. , Engel P.A. , and Sirico J.L. , Impact Wear Testing Machine , Wear , Vol 19 , 1972 , p 343 – 354 10.1016/0043-1648(72)90125-1 11. Engel P.A. and Sirico J.L. , Impact Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Hertzian stresses ( Ref 1 ) produced under combined rolling and sliding loading conditions. In addition to cracking, contact fatigue can result in microstructural alterations, including changes in retained austenite, residual stress, and martensite morphology. When traction forces (frictional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... roller bearings 0.008–0.025 0.008–0.025 0.0003–0.0010 0.46–1.43 Fig. 12 Bearing weight loss versus particle concentration level as a function of particle size range. Test parameters: lubricant, SAE 80 EP gear oil used at temperatures of 90 to 100 °C (195 to 210 °F); contaminant, silica...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... in Fig. 5 . Some 83 bearing test groups are included and indicate life scatter but also a definite trend of λ versus fatigue life. Considering the asperity slope along with possible traction coefficients for mixed to boundary lubrication, Tallian was able to explain some of the scatter. Bearing type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the tests designed specifically to evaluate the adhesion, friction, and wear behavior of various material systems. It tabulates the characteristics of common types of wear and mechanical surface damage. The article also considers the displaying...
Book Chapter

By P.H. Shipway
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Fig. 1 Locations prone to fretting in a riveted joint Fig. 2 Cross sections of typical locked-coil track strand wire rope construction Fig. 5 Schematic diagram of (a) fretting loop with high tractional force peak at the ends of gross sliding. (b) fretting loop with hook...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or disprove the initial cursory reaction at the expense of other hypotheses. Objectivity is lost before the job is even started. The examination itself should be designed to test a broad range of conditions, yet not be so exhaustive as to become impractical because of excessive expense or time. Design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005858
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Radar Overhead and Underground Power Lines Electric Distribution Transformers Security Systems Trains and Trams with Electric Traction Transmitting Antennas for Television and Radio Mobile Phones and Relay Stations Arc Welding Presses and Tongs for Resistance or Point Welding...