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toxicology

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of biological safety must start with chemical and material characterization along with an assessment of toxicological risks as prescribed in ISO 10993-1, 10993-18, 10993-17, and 14971. Materials characterization forms the basis for understanding the composition of a medical device material and its potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and specifications of germanium. The article describes the analytical and test methods of germanium, including gravimetric method, titrimetric method, and spectral method. It provides a short note on toxicology, and concludes with the uses of germanium in different fields. analytical methods electrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Metal contamination of the environment reflects both natural sources and industrial activity, affecting human health. This article begins with a discussion on the level of metal exposure resulting in toxicological effects, the factors influencing toxicity of metals, and carcinogenicity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006902
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... anesthesiology, ear and nose, general hospital, ophthalmic, plastic surgery, radiology, cardiovascular, orthopedic, dental, neurology, gynecology, obstetrics, physical medicine, urology, toxicology, and pathology. It is classified under these panels, and critical reviews and future outlooks are provided...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... (having the ability to change genetic material, notably DNA), and teratogenic (having the ability to change physical and psychological development). The United States National Toxicology Program, run by the Department of Health and Human Services, released its 13th Report on Carcinogens on October 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
...-to-volume ratio of the powders can increase their chemical reactivity in biological exposures (for example, inhalation or ingestion) and increase the risk of flash fires and dust explosions. Materials considered relatively benign in bulk can pose special toxicological and ecological risks when in a finely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... identification Composition and information on ingredients Hazards identification First aid measures Firefighting measures Accidental release measures Handling and storage Exposure controls/personal protection Physical and chemical properties Stability and reactivity Toxicological...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... have been published by the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Canadian Standards Association (CSA), the Society for the Promotion of LCA Development (SPOLD), and various practitioners. For meaningful comparisons of the life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... function or the health of the patient, which requires that it does not induce a tumorigenic (cancer) nor a toxicological (e.g., cell death and tissue necrosis) response. Local tissue responses are defined as the cellular and tissue organization at the material/tissue interface. Ideally, it could...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 19. Brown G.M. , Shimizu K. , Kobayashi K. , Thompson G.E. , and Wood G.C. , in Corros. Sci. , Vol 33 , 1992 , p 1371 10.1016/0010-938X(92)90178-6 20. Kazantzis G. and Lilly L.J. , in Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals , Friberg L...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... The chemical compounds evolved during combustion can be analyzed using many standard analytical techniques, including infrared analysis, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and ion-selective electrodes. Toxicological studies generally involve the exposure of laboratory rats or mice to the gaseous products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... are separated by a collision chamber. Mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry has been used successfully for protein sequencing and toxicology. The following sections of this article discuss in more detail GC/MS instrumentation, interpreting mass spectra, GC/MS methodology, and GC/MS advances. GC/MS...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... analysis, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and ion-selective electrodes. Toxicological studies generally involve the exposure of rats or mice to the gaseous products of decomposition and/or combustion under controlled conditions. Test animals are monitored for incapacitation or lethality (death...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... for nanotechnology 47. Software for Bayesian-driven clinical trials National Center for Toxicological Research 57. Build infrastructure for electronic management of information on FDA-regulated products 60. Develop consensus on standards for using microarray data in personalized medicine Note...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... fundamental applications that include studies of electronic properties of organic and inorganic molecules in gas, liquid, and solid phases. Fluorescence spectroscopy is routinely used for chemical analysis of various samples, including those of forensic, environmental, toxicological, clinical, biochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... with these materials with the hope of providing even an incremental relief to their patients. Without even the rudimentary understanding of contemporary biomaterial toxicology, several of these early experiments with synthetic plastics for medical applications led to failures, and such failures hindered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... always be borne in mind that the inert graphite is completely harmless from a toxicological point of view and that white forging lubricants must not have a detrimental effect on workplace conditions as a result of toxic decomposition of by-products ( Ref 55 , Ref 56 , Ref 57 , Ref 58 , Ref 59...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6