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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Metal contamination of the environment reflects both natural sources and industrial activity, affecting human health. This article begins with a discussion on the level of metal exposure resulting in toxicological effects, the factors influencing toxicity of metals...
Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 100 Molecular structures of toxic polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Source: Ref 251 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... aspects of ion toxicity. These include ion concentration and accumulation in organisms, reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress, and carcinogenicity stimulated by the corrosion process and toxic ions release. biocompatibility carcinogenicity corrosion corrosion resistance immunogenicity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... caused by brake pads. The article concludes with information on physical and chemical testing of brakes and toxicity of brake formulation and regulations. aircraft brake linings aircraft brakes automotive brakes brake pads cast iron casting chemical testing disk brakes drum brakes friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., namely, neuropathic effects, hypersensitivity effects, carcinogenicity, and general toxicity. biologic aspects carcinogenicity cobalt alloys debris-induced systemic effects hypersensitivity implant debris local inflammation local osteolysis neuoropathic effects orthopedic implants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and precautions associated with processing depleted uranium and methods to control mild radioactivity, chemical toxicity, and pyrophoricity. It also describes the classification and heat treatment of uranium and uranium alloys. Furthermore, the article provides graphical representation of the effect of alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., explosion, toxicity, and asphyxiation. The article reviews the fundamentals of principal gases and vapors. It describes how the evaluation of the atmospheric requirements of heat treating furnaces is influenced by factors such as cost of operation and capital investment. atmosphere furnaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... the discussions are relevant to metal-forming operations in general. The article also deals with lubricant selection as influenced by the metal to be formed and particular sheet-metal forming operations. The article also discusses some aspects of microbiology and toxicity in lubricants. dies lubricant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... with producing and using common sintering atmosphere gases are explosion, fire, toxicity, and asphyxiation. atmosphere supply systems inspection maintenance safety and environmental concerns sintering atmosphere generators sintering atmospheres SINTERING ATMOSPHERES (endothermic gas, exothermic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... response to the enacted as well as proposed legislation of limiting the use of potentially harmful or toxic raw materials or surface preparation and/or application techniques. The article summarizes the existing federal regulations affecting the coatings industry categorized according to the requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...</xref>) Table 1 List of ISO Standards for Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices ( Ref 1 ) Reference Title ISO 10993-1 Guidance on selection of tests ISO 10993-2 Animal welfare requirements ISO 10993-3 Test for genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, and reproductive toxicity ISO 10993-4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... with chemicals. Many of these chemicals used in metallography can cause serious damage on contact. It is best to assume that all chemicals are toxic and that all vapors or fumes will be toxic if inhaled or will be damaging to the eyes. A hood will prevent the working area from being contaminated with these fumes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... have the potential to leach out of the polymer and could cause toxicity to the local tissue or even systemically. Biocompatibility of Polymers A major concern for using any polymer in a medical device context is how the body's biological system will react to the presence of that particular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and residences where family members, especially children, can also be exposed. Because of the sheer number of possible hazardous constituents in industrial coatings, this article can provide only a brief overview of this topic. This overview includes the toxic effects of selected coatings constituents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... detailed information exists, the characterization program may be conducted partially or solely as a paper exercise. In the absence of such details, appropriate analytical techniques must be applied to a material to yield compositional data. Sufficient information must be obtained to identify all toxic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and Community Right to Know Act, 1986 (EPCRA), Also known as Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) Section 313 of Title III of this act includes the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), which makes hazardous waste and toxins a matter of public record. This act sets fines for violations. Pollution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... to 927 °C (650 to 1700 °F). Below 343 °C, the lead is too “mushy” ( Ref 3 ). Molten lead is used for patenting of steel wire and for austempering. Due to the toxicity and disposal problems with lead, it is seldom used in the thermal processing of steel. However, because lead possesses a high thermal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... to recommended loadings of about 1% for less toxic additives ( Ref 1 ). Antimicrobial additives are considered pesticides in the United States ( Ref 1 ). They must be registered for specific applications with the Environmental Protection Agency. Antioxidants As their name suggests, antioxidants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Exhibits a hazardous characteristic (flammability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity) Is a mixture of solid waste with hazardous waste. The resultant mixture is hazardous with some exceptions. These criteria are summarized in Fig. 3 . As with all environmental regulations, a variety...