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toxic metals

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ion concentration medical devices metal ion toxicity metallic bearings oxidative stress reactive oxygen species toxic ions release TRANSITION METALS are listed as subgroups between groups IIA and IIIA in the Mendeleev table and are classified according to the filling of their “d” subshell...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Depleted uranium is roughly as toxic as other heavy metals, such as lead. Inhalation and ingestion are best avoided by avoiding dry grinding where fine airborne particulates could be generated, by cleaning work areas periodically (especially where saw fines or grinding residue is generated or where oxide...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... an alloying element for platinum and palladium. When alloyed with platinum or palladium, rhodium, iridium, and ruthenium (in order of increasing effectiveness) act as hardening agents. Osmium, which is the rarest of the platinum-group metals, forms a toxic oxide at fairly low temperatures and is...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and etching (optional). THREE DISTINCT OPERATIONS are involved in determining the microstructure of metals with the use of a light optical microscope: preparation of a section surface; development of the structure on that surface, usually by chemical etching; and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... molecules on surfaces; catalysis; personal exposure to toxic chemicals; indoor air-quality monitoring; identification of volatiles in soil and water; analysis of environmental pollutants; quantification of hydrogen in metals (especially steels); corrosion mechanisms; electrochemistry; tribology X-ray...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the metallographic technique for nonferrous metals and special-purpose alloys. These include aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, lead and lead alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, magnetic alloys, tin and tin alloys, titanium and titanium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the addition of an emulsifier. (c) Fatty acid is usually stearic, oleic, or palmitic acid, or a mixture of these. (d) Precautions must be taken in handling, storage, and use, to avoid hazards of fire and toxicity. (e) Fatty oil is usually prime lard oil with less than 2% free fatty acid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article characterizes the corrosion resistance of precious metals, namely, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold. It provides a discussion on the general fabricability; atomic, structural, physical, and mechanical properties; oxidation and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design ecosystem...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... 100-fold) in comparison with people with implants and normal renal function ( Ref 34 ). It is important to note that at this time there is no established toxicity threshold for metal ion levels coming from the degradation products of metal implants. It is important to note that different types of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., explosion, toxicity, and asphyxiation. The article reviews the fundamentals of principal gases and vapors. It describes how the evaluation of the atmospheric requirements of heat treating furnaces is influenced by factors such as cost of operation and capital investment. atmosphere furnaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... toxicity. However, it is well known that water chemistry parameters such as pH, dissolved organic carbon, and hardness can all significantly affect (e.g., reduce) the bioavailability/toxicity of metals such as zinc ( Ref 27 ). These environmental factors must be considered in both the immediate runoff...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Disadvantages High-solids paints require specialized pumping and transport equipment. Cleanup of overspray is much more difficult than with conventional solvent paints. Toxicity of the isocyanates used with urethanes and amines used with epoxies can be a problem. Drying and/or curing times may be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... potential. Wiring used in the vicinity of emulsion cleaning operations should be explosion-resistant for immersion systems, explosion-proof for spray systems. Emulsions are not highly toxic or carcinogenic. (Those currently sold in the market do not use a chlorinated solvent base.) Generally...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The process of coating plastics with metals for functional purposes is called metallizing of plastics. This article discusses the metallizing of plastics, provides information on its history, and gives a short note on applications and adhesion properties of metallic coatings. It also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... entire mass of the molten bath but remains mainly on the surface. Finally, lead is an extremely toxic metal and inhaling or ingesting even minute traces creates a serious health hazard. Bismuth resembles lead in some of its properties and frequently is associated with lead in its ores. Quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... concerns include toxic responses to metallic ions released from the material, the long-term possibility of neoplastic transformations to cells and the development of cancer in response to the products of metal corrosion, and changes in the function of the material in the physiological environment as a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Due to concerns over potential toxic effects of mercury, direct silver metallic composites produced by cold welding a mixture of pure silver powder, silver-coated silver-tin, and a small amount of silver-tin precipitated from the solution were first researched in the mid-1990s ( Ref 37 ). The direct...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., or coating of the work material Worker response Supplier support Toxicity and health Cost, including cost of lubricant and its effect on overall product cost Unlike bulk deformation processes such as forging, the temperature increase in sheet metal forming is generally low unless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article describes some of the mechanical/ electrochemical phenomena related to the in vivo degradation of metals used for biomedical applications. It discusses the properties and failure of these materials as they relate to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and corrosion fatigue (CF...