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toxic metals

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Metal contamination of the environment reflects both natural sources and industrial activity, affecting human health. This article begins with a discussion on the level of metal exposure resulting in toxicological effects, the factors influencing toxicity of metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ion concentration medical devices metal ion toxicity metallic bearings oxidative stress reactive oxygen species toxic ions release TRANSITION METALS are listed as subgroups between groups IIA and IIIA in the Mendeleev table and are classified according to the filling of their “d” subshell...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and continuing through the 1990s. During the latter period, restrictions on emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) were also established. These restrictions and others dealing with toxic metals and particulates continue to be adjusted as environmental conditions dictate. In recent years, other countries with coal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and residences where family members, especially children, can also be exposed. Because of the sheer number of possible hazardous constituents in industrial coatings, this article can provide only a brief overview of this topic. This overview includes the toxic effects of selected coatings constituents...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... the discussions are relevant to metal-forming operations in general. The article also deals with lubricant selection as influenced by the metal to be formed and particular sheet-metal forming operations. The article also discusses some aspects of microbiology and toxicity in lubricants. dies lubricant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... metals is available in the article “Toxicity of Metals” in this Volume. Organizations that process depleted uranium should have their facilities and procedures regularly reviewed and approved by an occupational health and safety organization for compliance with current guidelines and statutory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... formed is not very soluble in lead so that it does not permeate the entire mass of the molten bath but remains mainly on the surface. Finally, lead is an extremely toxic metal and inhaling or ingesting even minute traces creates a serious health hazard. Quenching of Steel Strips An example of lead...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...</xref>) Table 1 List of ISO Standards for Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices ( Ref 1 ) Reference Title ISO 10993-1 Guidance on selection of tests ISO 10993-2 Animal welfare requirements ISO 10993-3 Test for genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, and reproductive toxicity ISO 10993-4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... practice controls to the extent feasible to reduce exposures to as low as achievable, preferably below the PEL. Other toxic metals OSHA has issued similar regulations for cadmium (29 CFR 1926.1127) and inorganic arsenic (29 CFR 1926.1118). Combined, these regulations have substantively influenced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... that at this time there is no established toxicity threshold for metal ion levels coming from the degradation products of metal implants. Particulate Debris Reactivity Characterization It is important to note that different types of implant debris cause different types of biologic responses. However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... with producing and using common sintering atmosphere gases are explosion, fire, toxicity, and asphyxiation. atmosphere supply systems inspection maintenance safety and environmental concerns sintering atmosphere generators sintering atmospheres SINTERING ATMOSPHERES (endothermic gas, exothermic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., a bad practice from the standpoint of specimen damage as well. Dust produced during grinding of metals is always dangerous. For certain metals, such as beryllium, magnesium, lead, manganese, and silver, the dusts are extremely toxic. Wet grinding is preferred, both for dust control...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and machining chips, saw fines, and grinding residue must be removed frequently from tools and stored submerged in water or oil. Second, heavy-metal poisoning can result if this material is inhaled or ingested. Depleted uranium is roughly as toxic as other heavy metals, such as lead. Inhalation and ingestion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of the concerns have included toxic responses to metallic ions released from the material, the long-term possibility of neoplastic transformations to cells and the development of cancer in response to the products of metal corrosion, and changes in the function of the material in the physiological environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and Community Right to Know Act, 1986 (EPCRA), Also known as Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) Section 313 of Title III of this act includes the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), which makes hazardous waste and toxins a matter of public record. This act sets fines for violations. Pollution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a summary of the biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implants, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... substrate microstructure substrate protection CHROMATE CONVERSION COATINGS are formed on metal surfaces as a result of the chemical attack that occurs when a metal is immersed in or sprayed with an aqueous solution of chromic acid, chromium salts such as sodium or potassium chromate or dichromate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... strength-to-weight ratio, radiopacity, and reduced modulus over traditionally used materials, have given medical device designers a new dimension and versatility that previously could not be obtained solely with metals or ceramics. The versatility of polymers means that they can be processed to have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... respirators, approved by the U.S. Bureau of Mines for metal fume, give adequate protection against particulate contaminants that are less toxic than lead, provided they are used and maintained correctly. Their general use is not recommended, however, because of the difficulty in ensuring proper use...