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tow tensile test

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... basic test methods for a group or strand of fibers are the single-filament tension and tow tensile tests. Room temperature strength tests, high-temperature strength tests, and proof tests are used for testing the properties of ceramics. mechanical properties ceramics polymers fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... tested as a filament, tow, and laminate, all reduced to 100% fiber volume. These data emphasize the importance of identifying the test method when reporting test data. Effect of test method on fiber properties Table 2 Effect of test method on fiber properties Test Nominal tensile strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... for reinforcements, can be applied to the dry roving at the time of winding, which is known as wet winding. They may also be applied prior to winding as a tow or tape prepreg and used promptly or refrigerated. Usually the cure of the filament-wound composite is conducted at elevated temperatures without vacuum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Alloy Test sites Ultimate tensile strength, MPa (ksi) average Elongation, % in 50.8 mm (2.0 in.) average 20 years % loss 20 years % loss N02200 Initial 478.8 (69.4) … 36.0 … Kure Beach, NC (east coast marine) 477.2 (69.2) 0.3 35.1 2.5 Kearny, NJ (industrial) 477.3 (69.2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... reinforced fabrics; hybrid fabrics; woven fabric prepregs; unidirectional and multidirectional tape prepregs; and the prepreg tow. The article discusses three major categories of tape manufacturing processes, namely, the hand lay-up, machine-cut patterns that are laid up by hand, and the automatic machine...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... fiber, Kevlar 149, is also available. Kevlar aramid fibers are available in a wide range of yarn or tow counts and in a variety of short fiber forms. Properties of para-aramid fibers Table 10 Properties of para-aramid fibers Material Density, g/cm 3 Filament diameter Tensile modulus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... test, dynamic mechanical analysis, and voltage contrast x-ray spectroscopy. The composite lamina methods include the 90 o transverse flexural and tensile tests, three- and four-point shear, ±45 o and edge delamination tests, the short beam shear test method, and the mode I and mode II fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... temperature, according to ASTM D 3418, “Standard Test Method for Temperatures of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry” The tensile properties, according to ASTM D 638, “Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics” The compressive properties, according to ASTM D 695, “Standard Test...
Book Chapter

By Paul J. Walsh
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and during stabilization helps develop the highly oriented molecular structure that allows development of a high tensile modulus and improved tensile strength upon subsequent heat treatment. Carbonization of standard and intermediate modulus fiber typically involves pyrolyzing the fibers to temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., statistics, testing methods, and design. In order to predict the life of the component, therefore, the determination of rational inspection intervals requires the knowledge of several engineering disciplines. One needs to know the future loadings of the structure so one may anticipate (calculate) its life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (CaO-Al 2 O 3 -SiO 2 ) laminate ( Ref 15 ). The second test geometry is an open-hole tensile specimen. Strains are measured at select points around the hole using small, 0.7 mm (0.025 in.), strain gages. Comparisons between these types of measurements on a 0°/90° Nicalon/MAS (MgO-Al 2 O 3 -SiO 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Systems Technology Directorate, Naval Air Development Center , June 1982 10. Chiao T. , Cummins A.D. , and Moore R.L. , Fabrication and Testing of Epoxide Resin Tensile Specimens , Composites , Jan-Feb 1972 , p 10 – 15 10.1016/0010-4361(72)90465-X 11. Sanjana Z.N...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.../organizational practices, and/or the procurement or certification agency. While testing a single level of the building-block may suffice in rare instances (e.g., some noncritical, filament-wound applications subjected only to tensile loading), most applications will require at least two building-block levels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in the nanometer range. Fine grains are required for good tensile strength (>2000 MPa, or 300 ksi), but can be detrimental to creep resistance ( Ref 6 ). The precursor processes also allow fiber production in the form of continuous- length multifilament tows or rovings, which are typically coated with a thin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... described. The article discusses the processes involved in the short-term and long-term tensile testing of plastics. Information on the strength/modulus and deflection tests, impact toughness, hardness testing, and fatigue testing of plastics is also provided. The article describes tension testing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... with single filaments grouped by 1000 to 12,000 into a fiber bundle, which can be chopped into short (3.2 to 50 mm, or 1 8 to 2 in.) fibers, woven into fabric, or further combined into a fiber tow containing as many as 40,000 to 300,000 filaments. Fabrics and tows can be further processed...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... pneumatic or electromagnetic fiber spreading methods, uniform coatings and fiber tensile strengths in excess of 2 GPa (290 ksi) have been achieved. This process has the potential to produce fiber tows much more inexpensively than current processes ( Ref 23 ). SiC Fibers Produced by Polymer Pyrolysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... conditions of concern for resin-matrix composites. Axes definitions, symbols, and special property calculations for composite material property tests are reviewed. The article provides an overview of the performance capabilities of selected polymer-matrix composite materials such as thermoplastic-matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... wear, impact and blast resistance, and fire resistance. The final category of fiber architecture is that formed by weaving, braiding, or knitting the fiber bundles or “tows” to create interlocking fibers that often have orientations slightly or fully in an orientation orthogonal to the primary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Thermoplastics Thermosets Tensile properties Excellent Excellent Stiffness properties Excellent Excellent Compression properties Good Excellent Compression strength after impact Good to excellent Fair to excellent Bolted joint properties Fair Good Fatigue resistance Good...