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toughened thermoset-matrix composite failures

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... adhesives ranked by performance, with those considered high-performance first: Hybrids: Rubber-toughened epoxy, silicone, high-temperature polymers Thermoset polymers: Epoxy, phenolic, polyester, acrylic Rubbery thermosets: Polyether urethanes, polyester urethanes Thermoplastics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) are being developed for a number of high-temperature and high-performance applications in industrial, aerospace, and energy conservation sectors. This article focuses on processing, fabrication, testing, and characterization methods of CMCs, namely...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... shelf life before molding (unlike thermosetting matrices) and because they can potentially be remolded by the application of heat and pressure, thermoplastic-matrix composites also offer the possibility of lower-cost fabrication. However, cross-linking or thermal degradation with repeated temperature...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The structural efficiency of a composite structure is established by its joints and assembly. Adhesive bonding, mechanical fastening, and fusion bonding are three types of joining methods for polymer-matrix composites. This article provides information on surface treatment and the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., tubing Polyether sulfone Thermoplastic PES Fluid handling couplings/fittings Polyacrylate (acrylic) Thermoplastic e.g., Intraocular lens, dialysis membrane, bone cement Polyacrylamide Thermoset (hydrogel) … Soft contact lenses, wound dressings, drug delivery Polysulfone...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in heat-exchanger applications, is cathodic to the less noble metals and alloys. Carbon-filled polymers or metal-matrix composites can act as noble metals in a galvanic couple. Ions of a more noble metal may be reduced on the surface of a more active metal, for example, copper on aluminum or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... materials, including ferrous alloys, nonferrous alloys, ceramics, cermets and cemented carbides, engineering plastics, polymer-matrix composites, metal-matrix composites, ceramic-matrix and carbon-carbon composites, and reviews their general property characteristics and applications. It describes the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... information on the thermal analysis of thermosets is contained in Ref 104 . Although neat thermoset resins are seldom used, their properties are important because resin characteristics have a strong influence on composite thermal properties. The addition of fillers and fibers can improve the properties of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... produce higher-performance engineering plastics. A composite is defined here as a material containing a resin matrix and a reinforcing agent, such as fiber. Heat and ultraviolet stabilizers, flame retardants, and other ingredients can be compounded into the resins to improve certain properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... °C (480 °F). Table 8 Matrix properties associated with thermoset resin families Property Epoxy (a) Cyanate Toughened bismaleimide Residual chlorine, ppm 200–2000 <10 <10 Specific gravity 1.2–1.25 1.1–1.35 1.2–1.3 Tensile strength, MPa (ksi) 48–90 (7–13) 69–90...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... operating environment of a filament-wound component. Generally, if a resin is chosen for high heat resistance, other properties, such as strain to failure, will be reduced. Fatigue strength, chemical resistance, and moisture resistance are key selection criteria for a matrix system and should be evaluated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., which results in low peel strengths. However, toughened epoxy adhesives are available that contain a rubber-based impact modifier dispersed throughout the glassy matrix. The addition of rubber particles makes epoxy more resistant to crack propagation. Silicone adhesives are soft thermoset elastomers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... resist fatigue failure as well. The predictable nature of acetal properties and good solvent resistance make these plastics ideal candidates to replace materials such as metals, thermosetting polymers, wood, and ceramics in many applications. Acetals are easy to process, assume the surface finish of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... biological implants. In terms of composition type, the clear majority of glass products, particularly those that may be regarded as commodities, are represented by soda-lime-silica glasses. Typical products include most of the flat glass and containers, much of the fiberglass, and many of the lighting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... are totally eliminated. Standards of almost any composition can be prepared from mixtures of pure oxides ( Ref 12 ). The matrix effects can be reduced considerably. The procedure is easy to use, rapid, and offers good reproducibility. Cross-sample contamination is minimal. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of the metal after conversion coating and lubricating with one part of molybdenum disulfide and two parts of thermosetting eponphenolic resin. Table 6 Comparison of conversion coatings used with various lubricants in wiredrawing of titanium Coating Drawing compound Total reduction, % No...