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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... geometric cross sections. For threaded grip ends, a surface against which the torque can be reacted is provided by making the major diameter of the threads less than the shoulder diameter, or by including flanges between the threaded end and the shoulders in the specimen design. Triangular, hexagonal, or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and three torsional strain rates. These parameters are based on previous plant experience for similar alloys. During each test, the torque, M, is measured as a function of angular displacement. Fig. 1 Typical torsion specimen As described in more detail in the article “Torsion Testing to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... threaded fastener performance, as measured by differences in curves showing the tensile load created in a threaded fastener as a function of applied torque. Replacement coatings are rated less lubricious if they exhibited lower fastener tensile loads for given torque levels than cadmium fasteners subject...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... been applied and computerized by various investigators ( Ref 11 , Ref 12 , Ref 13 , Ref 14 , Ref 15 , Ref 16 ). Studies from the 1970s consider elastic flattening of the rolls and temperature conditions that exist in rolling ( Ref 13 , 17 ). The roll-separating force and the roll torque can be...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-hardening and through-hardening steels as a function of surface hardness. (a) Testpiece diameter of 6mm (0.25 in.), and triangular torque. (b) Testpiece diameter of 12 mm (0.5 in.), constant torque. α K is the stress-concentration factor. Fig. 2 Plot of shear yield strength versus hardness for...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...; F r = radial force; F f = feed force Fig. 16 Tool forces in turning The forces in milling can be determined again by mounting a dynamometer to the surface of the milling machine table. In the drilling and tapping operations, the thrust and torque can also be determined with a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... at B in Fig. 704 . The equiaxed dimples visible here resulted from tension overload during final fracture, but before final shear rupture. 6500× Figures 710 and 711 show the mating segments of a fractured AISI type 501 stainless steel torque cylinder from the hub socket of an aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... test pins, usually the polymer, are mounted in a frame and loaded against the turntable by means of static weights or a hydraulic system. The frame is prevented from rotating by means of three cantilever arms, whose deflection indicates the friction torque on the frame. Fig. 4 Typical tri-pin-on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... in a hammer blow. Energy available for forging: E A =η E T (see text for explanation). Source: Ref 11 Fig. 5 Load displacement, velocity, and torque in a simple slider-crank mechanism. (a) Slider-crank mechanism. (b) Displacement (solid curve) and velocity (dashed curve). (c) Clutch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... grain boundary are shown. Apparently, these forces stem from two sources: the line tension of the boundary and the torque, M , experienced by a boundary segment due to the anisotropy of the energy with the inclination angle ( Ref 52 , 53 ). The velocity of a node can be determined from the sum of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... strain rate ( γ ˙ ) γ ˙ = r θ ˙ L Effective strain ( ε ¯ ) ε ¯   =   γ/ 3 Effective strain rate ε ¯ ˙ ε ¯ ˙   =   γ ˙ / 3 Torque M Shear stress (τ) corresponding to shear strain/shear strain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003973
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... valve increases the pressure on the underside of the piston acting on the leading side of the slide, and thus also on the opposite upper side of the piston. At the same time, the pressure in the other connecting pipe is reduced. The opposing supporting torques exerted on the two sides counteract the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... performance and thus enhances the quality of an automobile. Closer tolerances in gears cause them to roll against other gears more readily while reducing sliding friction. This results in better gear efficiency, increased torque carrying ability, and lower noise level. These benefits have a wide range of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... SM, UBM, and FEM approaches in predicting force and torque in cold flat rolling. They found that each approach had its own region of superior performance. More recently, Hsu and Tzou ( Ref 6 ) compared slab and UBM approaches in modeling double-layer clad sheet compression forming. In this, the metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... instrument. (b) Exploded view showing arrangement of V-blocks and rotating journal Fig. 18 Lubricant-testing machine incorporating a recorder to monitor the torque data used to determine wear life of the sample journal. The instrument provides both an instantaneous readout of the torque via a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003972
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... transfers torque from a gear on the left end to a spline on the right end, the part could be machined from a hot-rolled round bar. The shaded area shown represents the major part of the material removed. The spline, gear teeth, and thread would also be machined. Fig. 20 (a) Gear-to-spline torque...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000623
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... during installation due to the presence of high-angle shear bands at thread roots. The nut (collar) of the aerospace fastener is designed to break in two when a specific installation torque is reached. The joint is then created by the remaining, tightened half of the collar and its mating threaded pin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... blade as-manufactured is shown on the left side of Fig. 6 . As-assembled (right side of Fig. 6 ), the mixer blade is slightly deformed by the contact between the wavy washer at the bottom of the assembly and the bends at the bottom shoulders of the two mixer arms. When properly torqued, the screw that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... basis of measured force, torque, and/or geometrical workpiece evolution, taking into account that all other process parameters are precisely known. For instance, a pilot cold rolling mill and associated mathematical model of the strip rolling process was developed through the 1980s ( Ref 57 , 58...