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tool dynamometer

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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 8 (a) Schematic of cutting tool force dynamometer. F c , normal force; F p , passive force. (b) Dynamic of change of normal cutting force during sequential passes started from cast as-cast surface. Source: Ref 11 More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... power requirement. attrition wear chip formation crater wear cutting force cutting parameters cutting speed feed machining parameters machining process power requirements tool dynamometer tool force tool wear wear surface The Mechanics of Chip Formation THE BASIC METAL-CUTTING...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract The relative motion between the tool and the workpiece during cutting compresses the work material near the tool and induces a shear deformation that forms the chip. This article discusses the fundamental nature of the deformation process associated with machining. It describes...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... be directly measured (except for the forces on the rake face of the tool when α = 0°), a dynamometer must be used to measure the primary (horizontal) cutting force, F c , and the tangential (vertical) force, F t . Thus, the measured forces can be resolved onto the shear plane through the shear angle, ϕ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... to correlate the cast iron structure with the cutting tool wear. Fig. 8 (a) Schematic of cutting tool force dynamometer. F c , normal force; F p , passive force. (b) Dynamic of change of normal cutting force during sequential passes started from cast as-cast surface. Source: Ref 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... setup for milling is displayed in Fig. 5 , where the dynamometer is able to measure the force components in the fixed x, y , and z directions. These may then be related to the normal and tangential force components for the rotating tool. Figure 6 shows F a , the axial force component along...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... factors, such as tool material, tool geometry, cutting velocity, cutting fluid, and tool/work support systems, as well as the properties of the steel workpiece. The workpiece mechanical properties influencing machinability are hardness, yield strength, and ductility. These properties are controlled...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... multiplied by wheel speed and a constant, determines the power used by the operation. The tangential and normal forces are related by a coefficient of friction; therefore, in production grinding, in which the normal force is almost never known (without a dynamometer of some type), the tangential force can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., machineways, arbors, mandrils, cylinders, pistons, and ball and roller bearings are treated in this manner for dimensional stability. Multiple freeze-draw cycles are used for critical applications. Cold treating also is used to improve wear resistance in such materials as tool steels, high-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... procedures. Power Consumption The forces acting on a tool during cutting, as measured on a dynamometer, can be used to estimate the power consumed in metal cutting. The power consumption (expressed in watts) in cutting operations is approximately equal to the product of the cutting speed, V c...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., green machining, presintering, microcleanliness improvement, free-machining additives, microstructure modification, and improvements in tool materials. The effects of free-machining agents on machinability and the sintered properties of PM steels are also reviewed. free-machining additives green...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... and loosen the soil to prepare a suitable seedbed. This group includes various kinds of moldboard plows, disc plows, subsoil plows or chisels, disc tiller plows, and rotary tillers. Secondary tillage equipment includes harrows, pulverizers, cultivators, weeders, and special tools that work the soil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... bonds, but the primary surface-hardened steels used in wear applications with fatigue loads include heavy case-hardened steels and flame- or induction-hardened steels. Nonetheless, coatings and overlays can be effective in some applications. With tool steels, for example, TiN and Al 2 O 3 coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is applied directly to the base metal; decorative chromium is applied over undercoats of nickel or of copper and nickel. Principal Uses The major uses of hard chromium plating are for wear-resistance applications, improvement of tool performance and tool life, and part salvage. Table 1 lists parts...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by a cutting tool. In gouging abrasion, the wearing surface is plastically deformed and work hardened by the abrasive forces, so that cutting and tearing of metal occurs on the work-hardened surface. Typical operations that involve gouging abrasion include crushing and primary grinding operations. The wear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stress levels. It involves both cutting and tearing types of wear, in which small chips of metal are removed from the wearing surface by the movement of the sharp points of rock, under considerable pressure, over the wearing surface. This type of action is very similar to machining by a cutting tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... types of engineering materials considered in the selection of a brazing process. The engineering materials include low-carbon steels, low-alloy steels, and tool steels; cast irons; aluminum alloys; copper and copper alloys; nickel-base alloys; heat-resistant alloys; titanium and titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... is pressed into the material being tested, and the hardness is estimated as the load divided by the contact area of the indentation. The indentation hardness test is widely used both in academic laboratories and in industry as a tool for characterizing mechanical properties of a material and also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.9781627081993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... concentrations in the complex material/alloy to calculate the activity depth distribution in the sample. Depth profiles for commonly used materials can be calculated using a tool provided in Ref 32 . How to Interpret Wear Results As simple as Eq 3 is, some issues need to be considered. These issues...