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titanium/polymeric composite hybrids

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... interconnection of the pores. Replamine-form porous materials of α-Al 2 O 3 , titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), calcium phosphates, polyurethane, silicone rubber, polymethyl methacrylate, and cobalt-base alloys have been used as bone implants, with the calcium phosphates being the most acceptable ( Ref 18 , 20...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... ceramics. There have been major developments in the area of ceramic reinforcement materials ( Ref 2 ). Advanced materials used as reinforcements include carbides, borides, nitrides, and oxides. Specific materials include carbon, SiC, titanium diboride, Si 3 N 4 , and Al 2 O 3 . These materials have...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Cobalt 18.02 31.54 Cobalt 15.67 27.42 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) 7.0 12.25 Nickel 4.54 7.95 Nickel 5.10 8.93 Chromium 3.37 5.90 Chromium 4.75 8.31 Tin 2.53 4.43 Tin 3.46 6.06 Brass (sheet) 2.38 4.17 Titanium 3.09 5.41 Beryllium-copper 1.97 3.45 Brass...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Aluminum oxide 12–16 25 3–5 Boric oxide 5–10 … 4–6 Sodium oxide and potassium oxide 0–2 … 7–10 Magnesium oxide 0–5 10 2–4 Calcium oxide 16–25 … 11–15 Barium oxide … … 0–1 Zinc oxide … … … Titanium dioxide 0–1.5 … … Zirconium oxide … … … Iron oxide 0...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Change of birefringence with applied field Controlled deformation in an applied field Change of birefringence with applied field Electro-optics, headup displays, flash goggles Actuators ZTS (zirconium titanium stannate) High-purity oxides Stable permittivity at high frequencies over a wide...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... cation causing the coloration usually result from changes in the redox state of the glass. Table 5 Colors commonly produced by various transition and rare-earth elements Element Color Titanium Yellow Vanadium Green Chromium Green Manganese Purple Iron Yellow-green/blue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...., joint replacement). While conventional titanium and stainless steel alloys for orthopaedic implants have proven biocompatibility, there may be opportunities to improve fit and stability through implant materials with the same chemistry but nanostructured (versus grain size) material surfaces that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... stainless steel, beta-titanium, nickel-titanium, and cobalt-chromium arch wires sliding on stainless steel or Teflon polymer increase with normal load ( Table 16 ) and increase in the presence of artificial saliva as compared to dry conditions ( Ref 239 ). Stainless steel and beta-titanium wires show wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... control procedures, causes of paint film defects, cost calculation, and safety and environmental precautions. The composition and characteristics of organic coatings, coating system selection factors, the types of paints for structural steel, and the applications of paint on structural steel are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to the formation of chemically abrupt interfaces that are detrimental to the properties of the implant. For example, it was a standard convention of using titanium alloy stems for orthopaedic applications to be fitted with more wear-resistant cobalt alloy for the head. However, some of the designs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... morphology of an acrylic latex is a monodisperse spherical particle with a homogeneous composition throughout the particle. However, by manipulating the emulsion polymerization process, particles with more complex morphologies can be synthesized ( Fig. 9 ) ( Ref 19 ). Latexes with bimodal particle size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... production, billions of pounds per year Reactive chemicals Methylene diphenyl diisocyanate 10 Bisphenol A 5 Nonylphenol 1 Styrene 15 Methyl methacrylate 12 Nonreactive materials Carbon black 20 Titanium dioxide 10 Phthalate plasticizers 11 Silica Not known...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... titanium have been used for these applications. Over the last decade, advances in high-performance implantable polymers such as polyetheretherketone, other aromatic polymers, cross-linked UHMWPE, and composite formulations have enabled these materials to overcome some of the shortcomings of polymeric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... carbon nanotubes, silica, metals/metal oxides, ceramics, clays, buckyballs, graphene, polymers, titanium dioxide, and waxes. These can be produced by a variety of methods, including chemical vapor deposition, plasma arcing, electrodeposition, sol-gel synthesis, and ball milling. The application of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... suitable resin. Pigment selection is also critical to achieving maximum temperature resistance. Coatings with short-term exposures (<1000 h) at temperatures up to 350 °C (660 °F) or long-term exposures (>1000 h) up to 225 °C (435 °F) can be produced with some selected forms of titanium dioxide and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., a mixture of titanium and carbon may not have any TiC, or it may be partially TiC and the rest an unreacted mixture of titanium and carbon, substoichiometric TiC 1− x , or TiC with excess titanium or carbon, each of which will have different properties. Generally, for low-temperature deposition...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... molds, namely, ceramic shells and rammed graphite, for casting reactive metals such as titanium or zirconium. ceramic shells coremaking green sand operations titanium zirconium clay resin-bonded sand systems no-bake binder systems heat-cured binder systems cold box binder systems rammed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-pigmented paints still exists in paints produced and applied prior to the ban. All paints produced after February 1978 contain other pigments, primarily the much safer titanium dioxide. With these recent innovations in alkyd chemistry and formulations, most of the key disadvantages of alkyd coatings have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7