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titanium recycling

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Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 19 Percentage of U.S. titanium scrap that was recycled to ingot from 1964 to 1988. Source: U.S. Bureau of Mines More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... on the recycling of nonferrous alloys, namely, aluminum, copper, magnesium, tin, lead, zinc, and titanium, providing details on the sources, consumption and classification of scrap, and the technological trends and developments in recycling. aluminum recycling copper recycling lead recycling magnesium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Aluminum oxide fiber Aluminum, magnesium Tungsten fiber Nickel, cobalt, iron Generally, recycling of these materials is based on recovery of the matrix materials and disposal of the reinforcement. Little information has been documented on the particular techniques used with titanium...
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 1 The modified Kroll process per ADMA Products, Inc. involves the use of hydrogen to break down the titanium sponge produced in the present-day titanium reactors. It eliminates the comminution process (boring, shearing, crushing), considerably reduces the vacuum distillation time More
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article focuses on the recycling of metals including iron and steel, stainless steel, superalloys, nickel, aluminum, copper, precious metals, lead, magnesium, tin, titanium, and zinc. It provides information on the identification and sorting of scrap metals and discusses...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... 90–227 (200–500) 1.3–3 Helium; gas recycling ≥Atmospheric Hollow copper electrode, vortex stabilized; 200 kW on hearth, 100 kW on crucible Plasma cold crucible melting and casting furnaces Titanium scrap and sponge, superalloys Casting ingots 380 (840) 1.3 Argon; gas recycling 50 kPa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Practice Titanium sponge is most commonly double vacuum-arc remelted with recycled scrap material and alloying elements to produce titanium alloy ingot. Electron beam and plasma cold-hearth melting are relatively new melting practices designed to minimize internal ingot defects. Longer dwell times...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Feed Materials The most abundant feed materials for the tungsten industry are ore concentrates produced from wolframite and scheelite minerals. In addition to the minerals, recycling tungsten- and tungsten-carbide-containing materials and scrap is of significant economic importance. The most...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses postconsumer plastics recyclate quantities, the classification of plastics recycling into primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary categories, and how the life cycle of plastics is affected by recycling. The recycling processes of polyethylene terephthalate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...-melted and vacuum-melted alloys. Air melting offers cost advantages for certain alloys. Recycled scrap is acceptable for most air-melted superalloys. Vacuum melting was developed to prevent the oxidation of alloying elements such as aluminum and titanium. It also allows additional purification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
..., binder jetting, and direct energy deposition. The discussion provides information on powder removal, powder recycling and conditioning, part removal, and part enhancement. The mechanism, applications, advantages, and limitations of mechanical, radiation, and chemical-finishing processes as well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0007021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... of material movement across the stages of powder production, the AM process itself, powder recycling, postprocessing, testing, and certification. Source: Carpenter Additive Powder Production Elemental or prealloyed feedstock can be used to produce high-quality powder ( Fig. 2 ). Elemental raw forms...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and former Soviet bloc countries are the production of steel ingots weighing 3.3 to 18 Mg (3.6 to 20 tons) using electron beams of up to 1200 kW. Furnaces of up to 4200 kW in electron beam power have been used since 1982 for recycling titanium scrap to produce 16 Mg (17.5 ton) slabs 1420 mm (56 in.) wide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Nonferrous metals and alloys are widely used to resist corrosion. This article describes the corrosion behavior of the most widely used nonferrous metals, such as aluminum, copper, nickel, and titanium. It also provides information on several specialty nonferrous products that cannot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... that permit the recycling of helium gas used in the cold spray process have been developed ( Ref 13 ). Process economics for the recycling system strongly depend on production volume; that is, production volume must be sufficient to cover and provide a return on the cost of leasing or purchasing the recycling...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... design, cost analysis, manufacturing, recyclability, and performance. concurrent engineering design considerations material selection materials engineer ENGINEERING DESIGN can be defined as the creation of a product that satisfies a certain need. A good design should result in a product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and Manufacturing Considerations of 3D-Printed, Commercially Pure Titanium and Titanium Alloy-Based Orthopedic Implants" and "Device Testing Considerations Following FDA Guidance" for additive-manufactured medical devices. These are further subdivided into five major focus areas: materials; design, printing...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the melt processing and casting of non-ferrous alloys, such as nickel alloys, titanium alloys, and lead alloys. It describes the lead refining steps, namely, copper drossing, softening, desilvering, zinc removal, bismuth removal, and final refining. casting...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and regulatory environments, and the importance of performance during the duty cycle. energy consumption environmental safety green coatings industrial paints recycling volatile organic compound emission GREEN COATINGS have become an important part of the world's industry and economy. The 2012...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for the machine operators, being “kind” to the machine tools, providing good in-process corrosion protection, and providing long sump life and the potential for recycling. With the proper selection of fluids, total manufacturing costs will decrease because of improved wheel life, decreased dressing, higher...