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titanium chloride

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...: reference electrodes and indicator electrodes. It explains that corrosion in molten salts can be caused by the solubility of the metal in the salt, particularly if the metal dissolves in its own chloride. The article describes the factors that affect the corrosion of titanium, namely, the titanium chloride...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... Using Titanium Chlorides of Different Valency Recently, ADMA Products Inc. developed a new process for manufacturing titanium hydride powder using titanium slag or synthetic rutile as the raw material, while hydrogen, titanium tetrachloride, titanium trichloride, titanium dichloride, and hydrogen...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... titanium alloy UNALLOYED TITANIUM is highly resistant to corrosion by many natural environments, including seawater, body fluids, and fruit and vegetable juices. Titanium is used extensively for handling salt solutions (including chlorides, hypochlorides, sulfates, and sulfides), wet chlorine gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., including chlorates, chlorides, chlorine/hypochlorite, mercury, sulfur, and iron. alkaline chemicals caustic soda caustic potash soda ash aluminum alloys iron carbon steel low-alloy steel stainless steel high-performance austenitic alloys nickel alloys copper alloys titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... copper copper alloys corrosion resistance corrosion-resistant cast iron ferritic stainless steel fluorides hydrochloric acid dry hydrogen chloride natural rubber nickel nickel alloys nonmetallic materials tantalum tantalum alloys thermoplastics titanium titanium alloys ferric salts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to many highly corrosive environments, particularly oxidizing and chloride-containing process streams, has led to widespread nonaerospace (industrial) applications. Stemming from decreasing cost and increasing availability of mill and fabricated products, titanium and its alloys have become standard...
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Published: 01 January 2005
the high chloride level from the steam. Alternative materials include fiber-reinforced plastic construction, nonmetallic linings, and more corrosion-resistant metals such as titanium and Ni-Cr-Mo alloys such as UNS N10276 and N06625, if the cost can be justified. Corrosion form and mechanism More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... tested. The major drawback was associated with the weldability issue related to PM titanium alloys, exhibiting unacceptable porosity of the finished titanium alloy strip (theoretical density of the sintered strip was in the range of 95%). The presence of chlorides (up to 0.10 wt%) trapped within the PM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... with high molybdenum and with titanium) (UNS S31603), alloy 926 (N08926), alloy 904L (N08904), alloy C-4 (N06455), and Ti Gr 7 (R52400) ( Table 3 ). It was found that both R52400 and N06455 resisted pitting corrosion even at added chloride concentrations of 10,000 ppm and N08926 resisted pitting up to 1000...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of metallic titanium. However, titanium oxide films are susceptible to failures that lead to accelerated mass loss rates. Oxide failure mechanisms can be classified in the following categories: Spatially localized oxide film breakdown by the ingress of aggressive anions, such as chlorides (Cl...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Austenitic stainless steels Hot, concentrated chloride solutions; chloride-contaminated steam High-nickel alloys High-purity steam α-brass Ammoniacal solutions Aluminum alloys Aqueous Cl − , Br − , and I − solutions Titanium alloys Aqueous Cl − , Br − , and I − solutions; organic liquids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... stable planes of the hexagonal close-packed structure ( Ref 19 ). During cooling to room temperature, the gas in the voids transforms into cubic chloride crystals, as can be seen in the transmission electron microscopy image in Fig. 2(b) . Fig. 2 Chlorine-induced porosity in a titanium BE compact...
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Published: 01 January 2003
Fig. 2 Approximate temperature limits for crevice corrosion resistance of titanium alloys by group in various chloride brines. Group A: commercially pure titanium (grade 2) and beta titanium alloys. Group B: Beta-C (Ti-3%Al-8%V-6%Cr-4%Zr-4%Mo), Transage-207 (Ti-8%Mo-2.5%Al-9%Zr-2%Sn), and Ti-8 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 2 Schematic showing the mechanism of crevice corrosion for titanium in aqueous chloride media More
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