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tint etching

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Klemm's tint etch; colors ferrite. Immerse for 40 to 100 s until surface is colored. A light pre-etch with nital or picral improves sharpness. (a) Specimen should be tempered for 20 to 30 min at 315 °C (600 °F). (b) Immerse specimen for 5 to 10 s in solution at room temperature. (c) Etch...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 50 mL cold saturated solution of sodium thiosulfate, 1 g potassium metabisulfite Lightly pre-etch specimen with 10% aqueous ammonium persulfate. Immerse in solution until surface is colored. Gently agitate. Tint etch for many copper and copper alloys. Produces brilliant colors. Colors beta more...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., either manually or by the use of image analyzers. Preparation of metallographic specimens generally requires five major operations: sectioning, mounting, grinding, chemical polishing, and etching. The article provides information on the principles of technique selection in mechanical polishing, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Light micrograph showing cutting damage (arrows at left) and a burr at the corner of a specimen of commercial-purity titanium (ASTM F67, grade 2) etched with modified Weck’s reagent and viewed with polarized light plus sensitive tint. The arrow along the top edge points to a surface layer containing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... to reveal such structures in many tool steels, but Vilella’s reagent must be used for grades with higher chromium content. Figure 9 shows ferrite in Carpenter Technology Corporation’s 7-Mo Plus duplex stainless steel revealed by a slight modification of Beraha’s BI tint etch. Color is vividly...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... tinted; 500×. (d) Duplex alloy, as cast and annealed. Structure: austenite and ferrite (dark). Tint etched; 200× Various surface treatments can also be applied to ferrous alloys to produce considerable microstructural complexity at the treated surface. These processes can simply involve the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... 6 Alpha case in Ti-6Al-4V after exposure to 760 °C (1400 °F) for 90 min. Arrow points to white α-case zone. Preparation: oxalic tint etch. Source: Ref 9 Alpha case causes surface cracking during sheet forming and reduced ductility during service. It affects machinability by being highly...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... decorative possibilities. Die castings that need a bright finish but are unlikely to be damaged by rubbing or knocks can be vacuum metallized. Color effects, such as those of brass, can be created by immersing parts in a dye solution that tints the protective lacquer very evenly. A process for anodizing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... widely used in overhead glazing. Laminated glass also gives the maximum possible protection against ultraviolet (UV)-induced fading of furnishings and organic-based materials without any major reduction of visible light transmission. Further reduction of UV transmission requires tints and coatings with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... acrylic Satin finish Wire brush + ferric nitrate bright pickle + clear epoxy or acrylic Wire brush + ferric nitrate bright pickle + clear epoxy or acrylic Tinted clear Ferric nitrate bright pickle + tinted epoxy or acrylic Not recommended Dyed clear Ferric nitrate bright pickle + clear epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fractures, and high-temperature fractures. brittle fracture cold cracking deep-field microscopy ductile fracture embrittlement etching fatigue fracture fracture replica light microscopy macroscopic examination quality control taper sectioning visual inspection THE VISUAL EXAMINATION of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... High surface hardness. This governs the selection of abrasive materials and their cutting behavior. Low heat conductivity. This requires attention to precautionary measures that will prevent rapid or excessive rise in temperature, which can cause heat tint discoloration and, possibly, a reduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... extraction replicas ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 3 Procedure used to produce single-stage extraction replicas for the analysis of small particles originally embedded in a matrix. (a) The original material with particles embedded in a matrix. (b) The particles have been etched to stand in relief. (c) The specimen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coverage can be confirmed by contact thermocouple measurement or by heat tinting aluminized nickel alloys in air at 621 °C (1150 °F) for one hour—coated areas exhibit a gold color and uncoated areas a dark blue color. Procedures for nondestructive coating thickness measurements are available ( Ref 47...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... pretreatments known as wash primers or etch primers. The choice of a prepaint treatment depends largely on the substrate metal to be painted. Care should be taken to choose the appropriate pretreatment for the particular substrate being coated to ensure corrosion protection and paint adherence. Phosphate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Fig. 5 Cracking in a truck transmission housing (Example 3). (a) Typical crack at a stiffening rib. (b) An opened crack at a stiffening rib exhibited brittle features. (c) Longitudinal metallographic cross section showing secondary brittle cracking along the graphite flakes. 2% nital etch. Original...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2