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tin-nickel coating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article discusses the environmental influences on protective coating films that can result in deterioration. These environmental factors can be classified into four groups: (1) energy: solar, heat; (2) permeation: moisture, solvent, chemical, and gas; (3) stress: drying and curing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, chromium, tungsten, molybdenum, and manganese. All of these elements are also nitride-forming elements. It has been confirmed that carbide and nitride coatings of these elements can be formed on iron-, nickel-, and cobalt-base materials, if a well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-lead. Bismuth as an alloying agent prevents the whiskering and tin pest that can occur in tin coatings. Tin-nickel is used for corrosion-resistant coatings, especially in seawater environments. It has an attractive chromelike appearance and high lubricity when plated over bright nickel. Tin-zinc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., bronze, nickel, copper, Monel 0.50–0.75 100–150 0.075–0.125 0.003–0.005 1.25–1.80 250–350 0.050–0.150 0.002–0.006 Lead, tin, zinc, aluminum, babbitt 0.75–1.00 150–200 0.075–0.175 0.003–0.007 1.25–1.80 (b) 250–350 (b) 0.050–0.100 0.002–0.004 (b) (a) Composition: 6% Co, 94% WC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... steel pipe piles or model steel structures are also used for more realistic testing. One of the earliest exposure tests was undertaken by the British Iron and Steel Research Association (1940 to 1952) and included metallic coatings of zinc, aluminum, cadmium, lead, and tin prepared by thermal spraying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of alkoxy silanes is the surface treatment of siliceous fillers and other metal oxides, such as aluminum, zirconium, tin, and nickel oxides as well as titanates. Less stable bonds are formed with boron, iron, and carbon. Alkali metal oxides and carbonates do not form stable bonds with Si-O. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... surfaces. A tin deposit provides sacrificial protection to copper, nickel, and many other nonferrous metals and alloys. Tin also provides good protection to steel. However, because tin is normally cathodic to iron, the coating must be continuous and effectively pore-free. (This requirement does not apply...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... with a maximum thickness of 5 mm (0.2 in.) and width greater than 25 mm (1 in.). The greatest percentage of the steel processed in continuous steel strip plating lines is electrodeposited with one of five metallic coatings; zinc, tin, chromium, and alloys of zinc with either nickel or iron. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... considered in this article include metal coatings, such as zinc coatings, and alloy coatings, such as zinc-iron, types 1 and 2 aluminum, Zn-5AI, Zn-55AI, and lead-tin coatings. aluminum coatings continuous hot dip coatings ferrous metals lead-tin alloycoatings microstructure steel sheet surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... plated to provide corrosion protection and for other specific performance requirements. A variety of metals have been electrodeposited successfully onto beryllium, including nickel, silver, copper, chromium, cadmium, iron, tin, and gold. While direct plating onto an activated beryllium surface can be...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., may exhibit the desirable properties of tin on their surfaces. A tin deposit provides sacrificial protection to copper, nickel, and many nonferrous metals and alloys. It does not provide the same properties to steel in a normal atmosphere. Thick, nonporous coatings provide long-term protection in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the metallographic technique for nonferrous metals and special-purpose alloys. These include aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, lead and lead alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, magnetic alloys, tin and tin alloys, titanium and titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel chromate conversion coatings chromium plating cleaning conversion coatings electrochemical finishing electrogalvanizing electroless nickel plating electroplating finishing hardfacing heat treatment high-strength low-alloy steel hot dip coatings ion implantation laser surface...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Table 5 Galvanic series in seawater Magnesium (most active) Magnesium alloys Zinc. Aluminum 100 Cadmium Aluminum 2017 Steel (plain) Cast iron Chromium iron (active) Nickel cast iron 304 stainless (active) 316 stainless (active) Hastelloy C Lead-tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...  Monel (70 Ni-30 Cu)  Cupronickels (60–90 Cu-40–10 Ni)  Bronzes (Cu-Sn)  Copper  Brasses (Cu-Zn)  Chlorimet 2 (66 Ni-32 Mo-1 Fe)  Hastelloy B (60 Ni-30 Mo-6 Fe-1 Mn)  Inconel (active)  Nickel (active) Tin Lead Lead-tin solders  18-8 Mo stainless steel (active)  18-8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... contamination of nickel plate with nickel phosphorus deposits Need to copper strike plate alloys containing significant amounts of lead, tin, cadmium, and zinc before electroless nickel can be applied Slower plating rate, as compared to electrolytic methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Production Nickel-tin-boron (3–5% B, 1–3% Sn, bal Ni) 650–850 … Wear applications requiring resistance to galling, fretting, and erosion; this coating is also self-lubricating Production Cobalt-tungsten-boron (3–5% B, 1–5% W, bal Co) 750–850 … Wear applications requiring resistance to galling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (0.006 in./rev) 1.0 0.04 VNMG 160408 (VNMG 332) Ceramic tool mateial Turning and facing Gray cast iron brake drum 550 1800 0.63 mm/rev (0.025 in./rev) 3.75-5.0 0.15-0.2 RNGN 120400T (RNG 43T) (a) CVD TiC/TiCN/TiN coated tool Table 5 Effect of surface treatments on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrolytic coloring processes. Usually tin, nickel, or cobalt is deposited, and the colors are bronzes and black. The stable colors produced are useful in architectural applications. As the thickness of an anodic coating increases, light reflectance, both total and specular, decreases. This...