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tin-lead coating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... can form. This explains the danger in chain scission in the presence of oxygen leading to a chain reaction ( Ref 10 ). The oxygen free radicals thus formed can further react with molecules in a coating or organic material in the same manner as described previously, causing chain scission...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract There are various coating techniques in practice to prevent the deterioration of steels. This article focuses on dip, barrier, and chemical conversion coatings and describes hot-dip processes for coating carbon steels with zinc, aluminum, lead-tin, and other alloys. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... considered in this article include metal coatings, such as zinc coatings, and alloy coatings, such as zinc-iron, types 1 and 2 aluminum, Zn-5AI, Zn-55AI, and lead-tin coatings. aluminum coatings continuous hot dip coatings ferrous metals lead-tin alloycoatings microstructure steel sheet surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... a gray powder on the surface, also called tin disease ). These properties make it a valuable coating for integrated-circuit leads, surface-mount (small outline transistor) components, and circuit board connections. Tin-bismuth processes have been developed in recent years as a substitute for tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... . References 22 and 36 , 37 , 38 provide evaluations of bonding strength under conditions that more closely simulate those for actual use of coated parts than the scratch test. Fig. 28 Comparison of number of repeated impacts that lead to flaking of coatings in repeated hammering with a cemented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., roughness, and localized porosity must be repaired before finish painting. If the imperfections are deep (3.2 mm, or 1 8 in., or more), they may be filled with wiping solders, which are lead-tin alloys prepared for this application. The metal surface is first degreased with a nonflammable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., bronze, nickel, copper, Monel 0.50–0.75 100–150 0.075–0.125 0.003–0.005 1.25–1.80 250–350 0.050–0.150 0.002–0.006 Lead, tin, zinc, aluminum, babbitt 0.75–1.00 150–200 0.075–0.175 0.003–0.007 1.25–1.80 (b) 250–350 (b) 0.050–0.100 0.002–0.004 (b) (a) Composition: 6% Co, 94% WC...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... conditions of electrodeposition processes for chromium plating, nickel plating, iron plating, cadmium plating, zinc plating, indium plating, lead plating, tin plating, silver plating, gold plating, brass plating, bronze plating, tin-lead plating, zinc-iron plating, and zinc-nickel plating. The article also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes the metallographic technique for nonferrous metals and special-purpose alloys. These include aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, lead and lead alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, magnetic alloys, tin and tin alloys, titanium and titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... separation, which could lead to surface defects in the film. Both fluorinated and alkyl/aryl siloxanes provide the needed level of miscibility to allow defect-free defoaming of solvent-based coatings. For decades, formulators of aqueous coatings used compounds of PDMS fluid emulsions containing hydrophobic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... steel pipe piles or model steel structures are also used for more realistic testing. One of the earliest exposure tests was undertaken by the British Iron and Steel Research Association (1940 to 1952) and included metallic coatings of zinc, aluminum, cadmium, lead, and tin prepared by thermal spraying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and Buddery ( Ref 43 ) discuss the performance of beryllium in a number of other liquid metal systems. They indicate that the resistance of beryllium to molten magnesium, zinc, cadmium, mercury, gallium, tin, lead, antimony, and bismuth is generally good, while resistance to molten calcium and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... as polyurethanes. Isocyanates will react with any molecule containing labile (easily removable) hydrogen. The most common reaction is with alcohols to form urethanes, as seen in Fig. 1 . This reaction typically is catalyzed with either a tin or amine catalyst. The selection of the polyol reactant...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... can be accomplished by alkaline cleaning, vapor degreasing, or emulsion cleaning. Hot dip coating processes are particularly well suited for applying coatings of aluminum, lead, tin, zinc, and some of their alloys. Hot dipping consists of immersing the steel in a bath of molten metal that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 1.1 964 1.2 Tin-coated sheets 78 0.1 74 0.1 Sheets  Hot rolled 13,361 1.62 13,161 16.7  Cold rolled 12,692 15.4 11,532 14.6 Sheets and strip  Galvanized-hot dipped 8,199 10.0 6,910 8.8  Electrolytic 2,390 2.9 2,099 2.7  All other metallic coated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...  Monel (70 Ni-30 Cu)  Cupronickels (60–90 Cu-40–10 Ni)  Bronzes (Cu-Sn)  Copper  Brasses (Cu-Zn)  Chlorimet 2 (66 Ni-32 Mo-1 Fe)  Hastelloy B (60 Ni-30 Mo-6 Fe-1 Mn)  Inconel (active)  Nickel (active) Tin Lead Lead-tin solders  18-8 Mo stainless steel (active)  18-8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... must be able to be sterilized, be nontoxic, and not possess any taste or odor. While the flat stock can be coated by liquid or powder polyester coatings, the seams often are coated by thermoplastic powder coatings. The leading benefit of thermoplastic powders is the rapidity of film formation, which is...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... second of CARB's SCMs for architectural coatings was adopted. The 1980s saw a shift from end-of-pipeline pollution control to upstream pollution prevention , leading to the establishment of the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics in 1988 ( Ref 8 ). 1987 The United Nations' World...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... feature is ideal in high relative humidity, where maintaining the standard 2.8 °C (5 °F) dewpoint spread is an issue, or when used in conjunction with water-jetting operations. When performing ballast tank work, a variety of factors can lead to reduced coating longevity or direct failure...