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tin-coated steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... test TIN, a soft, brilliant white, low-melting metal, is widely known and characterized in the form of coating for steel, that is, tinplate, and as a component of solder. In the molten state, it reacts with and readily wets most of the common metals and their alloys. Because of its low strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... considered in this article include metal coatings, such as zinc coatings, and alloy coatings, such as zinc-iron, types 1 and 2 aluminum, Zn-5AI, Zn-55AI, and lead-tin coatings. aluminum coatings continuous hot dip coatings ferrous metals lead-tin alloycoatings microstructure steel sheet surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of tin solders tin chemicals tin-base alloys tinplate TIN is a soft, brilliant white, low-melting metal that is most widely known and characterized in the form of coating for steel, that is, tinplate. In the molten state, it reacts with and readily wets most of the common metals and their...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... agriculture. These products include bars, rods, wires, hot and cold rolled sheets, strip plates, tin mill products, steel tubes, castings, and forgings. The article also provides information on the methods used to prevent or control the rusting of ferrous materials, namely, alloying, coating, and covering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract There are various coating techniques in practice to prevent the deterioration of steels. This article focuses on dip, barrier, and chemical conversion coatings and describes hot-dip processes for coating carbon steels with zinc, aluminum, lead-tin, and other alloys. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 1.8 Mechanical 790 1.0 744 0.9  Pressure 48 0.1 49 0.1  Structural 142 0.2 151 0.2  Pipe for piling 35 0.0 24 0.0  Stainless 32 0.0 34 0.0 Wire-drawn 900 1.1 865 1.1 Black plate 230 0.3 249 0.3 Tin plate 2,715 3.3 2,754 3.5 Tin-free steel 904...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Prevention of galling Decorative uses in such applications as jewelry Prevention of superficial rusting Other coating processes applicable to stainless steels include painting, surface blackening (immersion in a molten salt bath of sodium dichromate), hot-dip lead-tin (terne) coating, thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (electrical steels). This article provides a detailed discussion on the various surface treatments, including cleaning, nitriding, carburizing, coating, and plating, performed on specialty steels. carburizing case hardening cleaning coating corrosion resistance deburring electrical steels ferrous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... can be accomplished by alkaline cleaning, vapor degreasing, or emulsion cleaning. Hot dip coating processes are particularly well suited for applying coatings of aluminum, lead, tin, zinc, and some of their alloys. Hot dipping consists of immersing the steel in a bath of molten metal that...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the characteristics, composition limits, and classification of wrought tool steels, namely high-speed steels, hot-work steels, cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, low-alloy special-purpose steels, mold steels, water-hardening steels, powder metallurgy tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... addition to these, carbon, molybdenum, and tin are beneficial to atmospheric corrosion resistance; sulfur is detrimental; and vanadium, manganese, and aluminum have no significant effect. While it is appealing to believe that individual alloying elements have a consistent and predictable effect on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and buffing, are reviewed. The article also explains the procedures of electrocleaning, electropolishing, electroplating, painting, surface blackening, coloring, terne coatings, and thermal spraying. It includes useful information on the surface modification of stainless steels, namely, ion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Stainless steels are used for medical implants and surgical tools due to the excellent combination of properties, such as cost, strength, corrosion resistance, and ease of cleaning. This article describes the classifications of stainless steels, such as austenitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., using as little brazing alloy as possible and keeping time at temperature short. Welding through or near a brazed joint can also cause penetration of stainless steel and should be avoided. Use of a silver brazing alloy to which nickel and tin have been added helps minimize crevice corrosion of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... dispersed in either a water or oil carrier and is held in suspension by agitation, as well as by either emulsifiers or polymers. Other materials, such as finely divided oxides of tin or lead, can also be present. The lubricant is normally applied to the dies and billet by spraying as a fine mist to ensure...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... quality descriptions are not applicable to tin mill products Carbon steel wire Industrial quality wire Cold extrusion wires Heading, forging, and roll-threading wires Mechanical spring wires Upholstery spring construction wires Welding wire Carbon steel flat wire...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... steel demonstrates poor wear resistance and resistance to surface damage during dry sliding. The use of mild steel in sliding surface contact requires surface treatment, such as hardening or coating, and/or the selection of a “compatible” mating material such as bronze or babbitt. Where hard minerals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the identification systems for various grades of wrought stainless steels, namely, the American Iron and Steel Institute numbering system, the Unified Numbering System, and proprietary designations. It elaborates on five major families of stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in continuous steel strip plating lines is electrodeposited with one of five metallic coatings: zinc, tin, chromium, and alloys of zinc with either nickel or iron. Several other metallic coatings, such as copper, nickel, brass (Cu-Zn), and terne (Pb-Sn), are also applied by continuous steel strip...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... minimum operating costs. Direct-reduced iron can be used to partially or fully replace the scrap in an electric furnace charge. Often, DRI is preferred because it has a known uniform composition and contains no residual elements, such as copper, nickel, tin, or chromium. Direct-reduced iron also helps...