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tin-cadmium alloy coating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article discusses the environmental influences on protective coating films that can result in deterioration. These environmental factors can be classified into four groups: (1) energy: solar, heat; (2) permeation: moisture, solvent, chemical, and gas; (3) stress: drying and curing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... provided by cadmium, tin, or zinc. TIN ELECTRODEPOSITS are very useful, because a thin coating can provide the desirable properties of tin, such as excellent solderability, ductility, softness, and corrosion or tarnish resistance. Thus, stronger materials, required for their engineering properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., roughness, and localized porosity must be repaired before finish painting. If the imperfections are deep (3.2 mm, or 1 8 in., or more), they may be filled with wiping solders, which are lead-tin alloys prepared for this application. The metal surface is first degreased with a nonflammable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., hot-dip coating processes, electrogalvanizing, electroplating, metal cladding, organic coatings, zinc-rich coatings, porcelain enameling, thermal spraying, hardfacing, vapor-deposited coatings, surface modification, and surface hardening via heat treatment. alloy steel cadmium plating carbon...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Table 5 Galvanic series in seawater Magnesium (most active) Magnesium alloys Zinc. Aluminum 100 Cadmium Aluminum 2017 Steel (plain) Cast iron Chromium iron (active) Nickel cast iron 304 stainless (active) 316 stainless (active) Hastelloy C Lead-tin...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... finish. Chromating processes are widely used to finish aluminum, zinc, steel, magnesium, cadmium, copper, tin, nickel, silver, and other substrates. Chromate conversion coatings are widely used in the aerospace industry. Chromate treatments are of two types: (a) those that are complete in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... steel pipe piles or model steel structures are also used for more realistic testing. One of the earliest exposure tests was undertaken by the British Iron and Steel Research Association (1940 to 1952) and included metallic coatings of zinc, aluminum, cadmium, lead, and tin prepared by thermal spraying...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... stannate-cyanide baths, including coatings of tin-zinc and tin-cadmium alloys and a wide range of tin-copper alloys (bronzes). The bronzes range in tin content from 7 to 98%. Red bronze deposits contain up to 20% Sn; high-tin bronzes, called speculum, usually contain about 40% Sn. Tin-nickel and tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and Buddery ( Ref 43 ) discuss the performance of beryllium in a number of other liquid metal systems. They indicate that the resistance of beryllium to molten magnesium, zinc, cadmium, mercury, gallium, tin, lead, antimony, and bismuth is generally good, while resistance to molten calcium and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... contamination of nickel plate with nickel phosphorus deposits Need to copper strike plate alloys containing significant amounts of lead, tin, cadmium, and zinc before electroless nickel can be applied Slower plating rate, as compared to electrolytic methods...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... coating. This change in coating characteristics reduces wear resistance significantly and tends to limit coating thickness. Excessive operating temperatures result in dissolution of coating and can burn and damage the work. Electrodeposits of chromium, nickel, cadmium, copper, tin, zinc, gold, or...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... low as 0.015% provided that the lead, cadmium, and tin do not exceed 0.003, 0.003, and 0.001%, respectively. Table 4 Nominal compositions of zinc-aluminum foundry and die casting alloys directly poured to produce castings and in ingot form for remelting to produce castings Alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and cadmium in all atmospheres, is lower than copper in industrial atmospheres, and is lower than tin and magnesium in marine and rural atmospheres. Table 3 A comparison of typical corrosion rates of zinc and other common commercial metals Metal Industrial Marine Rural Zinc 1 1 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... stainless steel (active) Ni-Resist (high-Ni cast iron) Chromium stainless steel, 13% Cr (active)  Cast iron  Steel or iron 2024 aluminum (4.5 Cu, 1.5 Mg, 0.6 Mn) Active or anodic Cadmium ↓ Commercially pure aluminum (1100) Zinc Magnesium and magnesium alloys Source: Ref 14...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... stannate baths or from sulfate or fluoborate acid baths. For compositions and operating conditions of tin electrolytes, see the article “Tin Plating” in this Volume. The 40 to 50% Sn alloy, speculum metal, has been used as a decorative coating because of its silverlike color. The bronze alloy coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... 8 for TiN deposited by physical vapor deposition onto NiP deposited on brass by electrochemical deposition. Already dezincification can be detected. Similar results are found in coatings and thin films deposited by other techniques, such as electroplating or electroless plating, plasma spraying, or...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... resistance (zinc or aluminum coatings) and electrical conductivity (zinc or tin coatings on nonconductors). A great advantage of zinc arc spray for coating of plastics is that it can be applied to almost any plastic material. The most common alternate technique, electroless plating, is normally only useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 2 to 3 Gold (0 to 1) (1 to 2) (1 to 2) (1 to 2) (2 to 3) Gun metals, phosphor bronzes, and tin bronzes 0 to 1 1 1 to 2 1 to 2 2 to 3 Lead 0 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 2 (0 to 2) Magnesium and magnesium alloys 0 0 0 0 0 Nickel 0 to 1 1 1 to 2 1 to 2 2 to 3 Nickel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... removing brass, lead, zinc, bismuth, and tin from nickel-base and cobalt-base alloys involves vapor degreasing or alkaline cleaning, followed by soaking at room temperature in a solution of nitric acid (54 g/L, or 7.22 oz/gal), acetic acid (150 to 375 g/L, or 20 to 50 oz/gal), and hydrogen peroxide (19 to...