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tin-bismuth plating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Tin and Tin Bismuth Alloy Plating with Insoluble Anodes , Plating , July 1968 , p 722 – 726 • Roy C.H. , The Operation and Maintenance of Surface Finishing Wastewater Treatment Systems , American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers Society , p 1 – 199 Uses of Tin-Lead 80Sn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... alloys include a group of binary, ternary, quaternary, and quinary alloys containing bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, and indium. The term fusible alloy refers to any of the more than 100 white-metal alloys that melt at relatively low temperatures, that is, below the melting point of tin-lead eutectic solder...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... or vermiculite are sometimes used. However, oxidation is relatively minor unless temperatures are excessive. In the terne plating industry, where lead-tin coatings are applied by hot dipping steel articles, principally for use in fuel systems, a cover flux is often used. This is similar to the flux used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... with antimony, arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, copper, gallium, lead, tin, and zinc. Of these, only indium-lead has had any degree of commercial importance. Indium-lead electroplated alloy was developed as an improvement over the diffusion alloy that is formed by plating a thin layer of indium over lead on lead...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... °F) is useful. Bismuth-base fusible alloys with melting points ranging from 45 to 250 °C (110 to 485 °F) are manufactured. Alloys based on indium with lead, tin, and silver additions are available to cover the temperature range from 95 to 315 °C (200 to 600 °F). Solders available in the temperature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...%Ga-16%Sn-21.5%In), with a melting point of 10 °C (50 °F) is useful. Bismuth-base fusible alloys with melting points ranging from 45 to 250 °C (110 to 485 °F) are manufactured. Alloys based on indium with lead, tin, and silver additions are available to cover the temperature range from 95 to 315 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Fig. 9 Basic elements of a LEISS system. Fig. 1 LEISS spectra obtained from a ZnO sample using a 2-keV 3 He ion beam. Note the low background under the bismuth and zinc peaks and the moderate background under the oxygen peak. Fig. 2 LEISS spectra obtained from a copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Alloys lndium-Tin Alloys Bismuth-Containing Alloys Lead-Indium Alloys Solder alloys are available in reclaimed or virgin grades, and their purity is established by government, military, and industrial specifications. Excessive contaminant levels are detrimental to the quality of solder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... process. In electrolytic practice, the drossed lead bullion is cast into anodes, which are placed in electrolytic cells. Lead dissolves from the anode and is deposited on the cathode. Precious metals, along with antimony, arsenic, tin, bismuth, and other nonferrous elements, remain on the anode as a slimy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... during heat treatment, hot rolling, brazing, soldering, and welding ( Ref 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 ) operations. Embrittlement of steel occurs by electroplated or dipped cadmium, zinc, or tin—all of which provide corrosion resistance. In liquid metal cooled reactors, liquid lithium can cause LMIE...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... an impure lead bullion that is purified in a sequence of processes to remove most of the residual copper, antimony, tin, arsenic, zinc, precious metals, and bismuth. The final step is often an electrolytic refining. Purities of greater than or equal to 99.99% are readily obtainable. The production...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-zinc (semired brasses) C84 xxx Copper-zinc (yellow brasses) C85 xxx Manganese bronzes C86 xxx Copper-silicon C87 xxx Copper-bismuth C88 xxx , C89 xxx Copper-tin (tin bronzes) C90 xxx , C91 xxx Copper-tin-lead (leaded tin bronzes) C92 xxx Copper-tin-lead (high-leaded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...) and upwards. Tin normally is sold by brand name, and the choice of brand is determined largely by the amounts of impurities that can be tolerated in each end product. High-purity brands of tin may contain small amounts of lead, antimony, copper, arsenic, iron, bismuth, nickel, cobalt, and silver. Total...
Book Chapter

By George B. Rynne
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Hirsch S. , Tin-Lead, Lead and Tin Plating , Metal Finishing Guidebook and Directory , Elsevier Science , 1992 , p 262 – 278 3. Lowenheim F.A. , Modern Electroplating , 2nd ed. , John Wiley & Sons , 1963 , p 242 – 249 4. Graham A. , Electroplating Engineering...
Book Chapter

By Paul T. Vianco
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... , and Steen H. , Use of Tin-Lead-Bismuth Alloy as a Substitute for Eutectic Tin-Lead in Wave Soldering , Brazing and Soldering , Spring 1988 , p 38 7. Lea C. , A Scientific Guide to Surface Mount Technology , Electrochemical Publishers, Ltd. , 1988 , p 148 – 153 The successful...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... provides for a bright appearance that is more tarnish resistant than the tin-lead alloys. Fusible alloys are any of the more than 100 white metal alloys that melt at relatively low temperatures. Most commercial fusible alloys contain bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, indium, and antimony, and special alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Manganese 2.9 0.56 3.7 Magnesium 1.9 0.39 2.4 Aluminum 0.46 0.12 1.1 Lead 2.6 7.2 0.41 Cadmium 0.66 0.76 <0.001 Copper 0.23 0.087 0.47 Chromium 0.12 0.026 0.18 Nickel 0.03 0.01 0.07 Tin 0.04 0.09 0.02 Chlorine 1.03 3.58 <0.01 Source: Ref...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and thin-film lubrication conditions, and thus can be used under higher loads than can any of the bimetal systems. Tin-base bearing materials (babbitts) are alloys of tin, antimony, and copper that contain limited amounts of zinc, aluminum, arsenic, bismuth, and iron. The compositions of tin-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... specimens from tin and tin alloys presents special problems. As with other very soft metals and alloys (with hardness less than about 25 HV), it is often difficult to obtain an unworked surface free from scratches for tin and other soft metals with low melting points (such as antimony, bismuth, cadmium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
.... , and Carollo C. , Effect of Inoculant Containing Rare Earth Metals and Bismuth on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Heavy-Section Near-Eutectic Ductile Iron Castings , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 213 ( No. 9 ), Sept 30 , 2013 , p 1601 – 1608 • Fidos H. , Effect...