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tin coating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... considered in this article include metal coatings, such as zinc coatings, and alloy coatings, such as zinc-iron, types 1 and 2 aluminum, Zn-5AI, Zn-55AI, and lead-tin coatings. aluminum coatings continuous hot dip coatings ferrous metals lead-tin alloycoatings microstructure steel sheet surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Tin is a soft, brilliant white, low-melting metal that is most widely known and characterized in the form of coating. This article discusses the primary and secondary production of tin and explains the uses of tin in coating, namely tinplating, electroplating, and hot dip coatings. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article discusses the environmental influences on protective coating films that can result in deterioration. These environmental factors can be classified into four groups: (1) energy: solar, heat; (2) permeation: moisture, solvent, chemical, and gas; (3) stress: drying and curing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coating of electrodeposited tin provides beneficial properties, such as excellent solderability, ductility, softness, and corrosion or tarnish resistance. In this way, the stronger materials that are required for their engineering properties can be enhanced by the desirable properties of tin on their...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... a gray powder on the surface, also called tin disease ). These properties make it a valuable coating for integrated-circuit leads, surface-mount (small outline transistor) components, and circuit board connections. Tin-bismuth processes have been developed in recent years as a substitute for tin...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract There are various coating techniques in practice to prevent the deterioration of steels. This article focuses on dip, barrier, and chemical conversion coatings and describes hot-dip processes for coating carbon steels with zinc, aluminum, lead-tin, and other alloys. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., roughness, and localized porosity must be repaired before finish painting. If the imperfections are deep (3.2 mm, or 1 8 in., or more), they may be filled with wiping solders, which are lead-tin alloys prepared for this application. The metal surface is first degreased with a nonflammable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... occasionally used with soft materials such as tin, zinc, and babbitt to produce a smooth, dense bearing surface. Table 4 Typical ranges of speeds and feeds used in machining thermal sprayed metal coatings Coating metal High-speed steel tool Carbide tool (a) Speed Feed Speed Feed m/s sfm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of alkoxy silanes is the surface treatment of siliceous fillers and other metal oxides, such as aluminum, zirconium, tin, and nickel oxides as well as titanates. Less stable bonds are formed with boron, iron, and carbon. Alkali metal oxides and carbonates do not form stable bonds with Si-O. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... steel pipe piles or model steel structures are also used for more realistic testing. One of the earliest exposure tests was undertaken by the British Iron and Steel Research Association (1940 to 1952) and included metallic coatings of zinc, aluminum, cadmium, lead, and tin prepared by thermal spraying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and Buddery ( Ref 43 ) discuss the performance of beryllium in a number of other liquid metal systems. They indicate that the resistance of beryllium to molten magnesium, zinc, cadmium, mercury, gallium, tin, lead, antimony, and bismuth is generally good, while resistance to molten calcium and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... as polyurethanes. Isocyanates will react with any molecule containing labile (easily removable) hydrogen. The most common reaction is with alcohols to form urethanes, as seen in Fig. 1 . This reaction typically is catalyzed with either a tin or amine catalyst. The selection of the polyol reactant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 1.1 964 1.2 Tin-coated sheets 78 0.1 74 0.1 Sheets  Hot rolled 13,361 1.62 13,161 16.7  Cold rolled 12,692 15.4 11,532 14.6 Sheets and strip  Galvanized-hot dipped 8,199 10.0 6,910 8.8  Electrolytic 2,390 2.9 2,099 2.7  All other metallic coated...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... can be accomplished by alkaline cleaning, vapor degreasing, or emulsion cleaning. Hot dip coating processes are particularly well suited for applying coatings of aluminum, lead, tin, zinc, and some of their alloys. Hot dipping consists of immersing the steel in a bath of molten metal that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... polyesters. Tin-plated steel, aluminum, and, to a lesser degree, chromated steel (tin-free steel) are the most commonly used substrates. Primers on coated coil stock are needed to meet such requirements as use as façade sheeting. Primers have three main functions: Facilitation of adhesion to pretreated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...  Monel (70 Ni-30 Cu)  Cupronickels (60–90 Cu-40–10 Ni)  Bronzes (Cu-Sn)  Copper  Brasses (Cu-Zn)  Chlorimet 2 (66 Ni-32 Mo-1 Fe)  Hastelloy B (60 Ni-30 Mo-6 Fe-1 Mn)  Inconel (active)  Nickel (active) Tin Lead Lead-tin solders  18-8 Mo stainless steel (active)  18-8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... temperatures, these systems were either two-component in nature or the isocyanate component had its functional group chemically blocked to stabilize the coating until its application. The basic formulation for these FEVE resins consisted of three ingredients—FEVE resin, isocyanate resin, and tin catalyst—with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... agriculture. These products include bars, rods, wires, hot and cold rolled sheets, strip plates, tin mill products, steel tubes, castings, and forgings. The article also provides information on the methods used to prevent or control the rusting of ferrous materials, namely, alloying, coating, and covering...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article presents a background of green chemistry and green coatings, and a summary of the key concerns of the green coating procurement process. It includes a discussion on green marketing and the seven sins of greenwashing, an overview of the environmental certification standards...