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tin alloy coatings

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... alloys, type metals, copper alloys, dental alloys, cast irons, titanium alloys, and zirconium alloys. Finally, it presents a short note on the applications of tin powder and corrosion resistance of tin. applications of tin powder corrosion resistance electroplating hot dip coatings production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... some quantum dots and other nanoparticles into coatings so they are strongly coupled with matrix material. The host gel can be silica, titanium dioxide, zirconium dioxide, tin dioxide, or a polymer, such as polyvinyl alcohol or polymethacrylic acid. Examples of quantum dots are CdS, CdSe, CdSe/ZnS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... considered in this article include metal coatings, such as zinc coatings, and alloy coatings, such as zinc-iron, types 1 and 2 aluminum, Zn-5AI, Zn-55AI, and lead-tin coatings. aluminum coatings continuous hot dip coatings ferrous metals lead-tin alloycoatings microstructure steel sheet surface...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract There are various coating techniques in practice to prevent the deterioration of steels. This article focuses on dip, barrier, and chemical conversion coatings and describes hot-dip processes for coating carbon steels with zinc, aluminum, lead-tin, and other alloys. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 2 to 3 Gold (0 to 1) (1 to 2) (1 to 2) (1 to 2) (2 to 3) Gun metals, phosphor bronzes, and tin bronzes 0 to 1 1 1 to 2 1 to 2 2 to 3 Lead 0 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 2 (0 to 2) Magnesium and magnesium alloys 0 0 0 0 0 Nickel 0 to 1 1 1 to 2 1 to 2 2 to 3 Nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in continuous steel strip plating lines is electrodeposited with one of five metallic coatings: zinc, tin, chromium, and alloys of zinc with either nickel or iron. Several other metallic coatings, such as copper, nickel, brass (Cu-Zn), and terne (Pb-Sn), are also applied by continuous steel strip...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... 8 for TiN deposited by physical vapor deposition onto NiP deposited on brass by electrochemical deposition. Already dezincification can be detected. Similar results are found in coatings and thin films deposited by other techniques, such as electroplating or electroless plating, plasma spraying, or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...” of the elemental peak with respect to the pure element ( Ref 3 ). An example is shown in Fig. 4 for the 2 p 3/2 and 2 p 1/2 doublet of the Ti-2 p XPS spectrum of a native oxide layer on a titanium nitride (TiN) coating ( Ref 10 ). If the characteristic binding energies are known from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... steel pipe piles or model steel structures are also used for more realistic testing. One of the earliest exposure tests was undertaken by the British Iron and Steel Research Association (1940 to 1952) and included metallic coatings of zinc, aluminum, cadmium, lead, and tin prepared by thermal spraying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... occasionally used with soft materials such as tin, zinc, and babbitt to produce a smooth, dense bearing surface. Table 4 Typical ranges of speeds and feeds used in machining thermal sprayed metal coatings Coating metal High-speed steel tool Carbide tool (a) Speed Feed Speed Feed m/s sfm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...  Monel (70 Ni-30 Cu)  Cupronickels (60–90 Cu-40–10 Ni)  Bronzes (Cu-Sn)  Copper  Brasses (Cu-Zn)  Chlorimet 2 (66 Ni-32 Mo-1 Fe)  Hastelloy B (60 Ni-30 Mo-6 Fe-1 Mn)  Inconel (active)  Nickel (active) Tin Lead Lead-tin solders  18-8 Mo stainless steel (active)  18-8...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article focuses on marine coatings associated with protecting commercial and military vessels. It provides detailed information on the common issues and requirements encountered when coating ballast tanks, freeboard, topside, and decks of the vessel. The article describes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-lead. Bismuth as an alloying agent prevents the whiskering and tin pest that can occur in tin coatings. Tin-nickel is used for corrosion-resistant coatings, especially in seawater environments. It has an attractive chromelike appearance and high lubricity when plated over bright nickel. Tin-zinc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... surfaces. A tin deposit provides sacrificial protection to copper, nickel, and many other nonferrous metals and alloys. Tin also provides good protection to steel. However, because tin is normally cathodic to iron, the coating must be continuous and effectively pore-free. (This requirement does not apply...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... second coating CFEs/NFEs during the second coating process has not been observed. Coatings can grow on CVD TiC layers and PVD TiN layers, although there is a large risk of peeling off caused by the poor adhesion strength of CVD and PVD coatings. Copper plating can stop the formation of TRD carbide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., roughness, and localized porosity must be repaired before finish painting. If the imperfections are deep (3.2 mm, or 1 8 in., or more), they may be filled with wiping solders, which are lead-tin alloys prepared for this application. The metal surface is first degreased with a nonflammable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... 1.1 964 1.2 Tin-coated sheets 78 0.1 74 0.1 Sheets  Hot rolled 13,361 1.62 13,161 16.7  Cold rolled 12,692 15.4 11,532 14.6 Sheets and strip  Galvanized-hot dipped 8,199 10.0 6,910 8.8  Electrolytic 2,390 2.9 2,099 2.7  All other metallic coated...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... can be accomplished by alkaline cleaning, vapor degreasing, or emulsion cleaning. Hot dip coating processes are particularly well suited for applying coatings of aluminum, lead, tin, zinc, and some of their alloys. Hot dipping consists of immersing the steel in a bath of molten metal that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... material. These coatings are used primarily in electronic applications. Immersion alloy deposition processes are easy to control and require little metal replacement because of the very thin deposits produced. Displacement tin-lead solder processes are the exception, producing thicker deposits requiring...