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three-dimensional microscopy

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of a portion of a pearlite colony aids understanding the 3D morphology. Source: Ref 27 Fig. 10 Three-dimensional reconstruction of cementite lamellas in pearlite. Connections between lamellas are often too small to be resolved easily by optical microscopy. Source: Ref 27 Fig. 12...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...Abstract Abstract Field ion microscopy (FIM) can be used to study the three-dimensional structure of materials, such as metals and semiconductors, because successive atom layers can be ionized and removed from the surface by field evaporation. The ions removed from the surface by field...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
.... Kral M.V. , Ice G.E. , Miller M.K. , Uchic M.D. , and Rosenberg R.O. , Three-Dimensional Microscopy , Metallography and Microstructures , Vol 9 , ASM Handbook , VanderVoort G.F. , Ed., ASM International , 2004 2. Spanos G. , Viewpoint Set on 3D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Three-dimensional reconstruction can be obtained by systematic thinning of the specimen. Fig. 26 Simulated x-ray image, computed on the basis of 126 sections (upper left image) and three sample sections of a silicon-aluminum-base composite material. White areas denote pores. Fig. 27...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Shape of Features in the Fracture Surface Area Fraction of Features in Fracture Surface Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) for Fracture Surface Crystallography Three-Dimensional Laser Confocal Scanning Microscopy Vertical Serial Sectioning of Fracture Surface and Associated Local...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of Grain Structure Three-Dimensional Grain Structure Crystallography of Grain Boundaries Two-Dimensional Grain Structure Grain Shape Dihedral Angles Structures in which Both Phases form Entirely Distinct Grains Structures in which Each Phase is Closely Interconnected Structures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... of a three-dimensional object based on the projection angle to generate a sinogram, (e) performing Fourier transform on a sinogram, (f) reorienting the 1D Fourier transform sinogram in a polar coordinate and mapping the signal from polar to Cartesian coordinate (adapted from Wiki by P. Selinger), and (g...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... interface morphology evolution, solute transport, and various process phenomena at spatiotemporal resolutions. It discusses the three viable imaging techniques made available by synchrotron radiation for the real-time investigation of solidification microstructures in alloys. These include two-dimensional X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Fig. 6 (a) There are three parts to a probe used in a light lever atomic force microscope (AFM). They are the chip, cantilever, and tip. (b) Scanning electron microscopy image of a microfabricated tip used in an AFM Fig. 7 A 2 × 2 μm vibrating-mode image of a biaxially oriented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... Fig. 7 (Top images) Three-dimensional morphology and (bottom images) cross-section profiles of glass substrate after rubbed by Si 3 N 4 ball under different lubrication conditions in Fig. 6 : (a) dry friction, (b) regular lubrication, (c) superlubricity Fig. 2 Wear loss results (from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., crystallography, crystal structure in epitaxial growth, film-growth kinetics, grain size and boundary, microstructure, reconstruction, segregation Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) Probes made of various materials Laser light, electrical current, or other probe-sample interactions Three-dimensional image...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-Strain Plastic Deformation of Commercially Pure Nickel , Met. Sci. , Vol 17 , 1983 , p 198 – 206 Fundamental Processes Grain Subdivision with Easy Three-Dimensional Mobility of Dislocations Structures with Restricted Three-Dimensional Mobility of Dislocations Enhanced Three-Dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... revealed by the compositional contrast. AlFeSiNi appears bright due to the high content of heavy elements; Mg 2 Si and Si appear dark. (b) Deep etched using sodium hydroxide, secondary electron image. The three-dimensional shape can be correlated to the two-dimensional cross sections shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... or two dimensions rather than the full three dimensions of a bulk semiconducting material. In these systems, electronic and optical properties are often best described by quantum mechanical paradigms, and final properties of the material are largely affected by their structural boundary conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...) surfaces. All images show a domelike oxide film structure. Scan size 5 × 5 μm; height scale, 100 nm. Co-Cr-Mo images courtesy of S. Megremis; Ti-6Al-4V image courtesy of J. Bearinger Fig. 12 Atomic force microscopy three-dimensional image of the surface texture of a titanium-nitride-coated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... L.R. , and Trogadis J.E. , Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy , Academic Press , London, UK , 1994 32. Tewari A. and Gokhale A.M. , Application of Serial Sectioning for Estimation of 3D Grain Size Distribution in a Liquid Phase Sintered Microstructure , Mater. Charact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... is an advanced three-dimensional modeling, image processing, and measurement software for magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, positron emission tomography, microscopy, and scientific and industrial imaging applications. It supports both grayscale and color images stored in DICOM, TIFF, Interfile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of specimens from different orientations. This is discussed further in the article “Metallographic Sectioning and Specimen Extraction” in this Volume. Modern techniques also include methods of three-dimensional representation (see the article “Three-Dimensional Microscopy” in this Volume). Beach marks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., and these are largely responsible for the curtaining effects seen below them. Courtesy of H. Schulz, Zeiss Microscopy GmbH Fig. 40 (a) Three-dimensional rendering of serial-sectioned volume of ultrahigh-performance concrete from a perspective angle by plasma focused ion beam. (b) Internal porosity and crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... of a fracture surface with triangular elements between contour lines. (a) Projection of contours and triangles. (b) Three-dimensional view of triangle ABC Fig. 7 Contour map and profiles obtained by stereophotogrammetry. Source: Ref 58 Fig. 14 Profiles for 4340 steel. (a) Dimpled fracture...