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three-dimensional analysis

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... morphology evolution, solute transport, and various process phenomena at spatiotemporal resolutions. It discusses the three viable imaging techniques made available by synchrotron radiation for the real-time investigation of solidification microstructures in alloys. These include two-dimensional X-ray...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and three-dimensional braiding. braiding mechanical properties three-dimensional braid composites two-dimensional braid composites BRAIDING is a textile process that is known for its simplicity and versatility. Braided structures are unique in their high level of conformability, torsional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... as a hot body spectrum. Several types of CT systems exist, suitably designed according to their specific applications, which can be divided into three main areas: clinical, materials analysis and flaw detection, and dimensional metrology. Each of them is characterized by specific requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... CFD among engineers, because most real flows are three dimensional. In fact, most fluid-flow problems encountered in industry are so complex that the only method of analysis to which they are amenable is CFD. Thus, although use of CFD began only 60 years ago, it is difficult to find problems in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Additive manufacturing (AM) is the process of joining materials to make parts from three-dimensional (3D) model data, usually layer upon layer, as opposed to subtractive manufacturing and formative manufacturing methodologies. This article discusses various defects in AM components...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...). This permits the use of low levels of stress during inspection. Further, special analysis techniques can provide improved sensitivity of almost 1000 fold. It does not rely on data acquisition by either point-by-point determinations or scanning processes; instead, three-dimensional images of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article reviews network models and their applications for the simulation of various physical phenomena related to grain-boundary migration. It discusses the steps involved in the implementation of two and three-dimensional network models, namely, acquisition and discretization of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract A thermosetting resin, or thermoset, is a synthetic organic polymer that cures to a solid, infusible mass by forming a three-dimensional network of covalent chemical bonds. Significant applications include construction and thermoset engineering plastics. This article discusses the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... reproduced detail. The article describes three generally recognized plaster mold processes, namely, conventional plaster mold casting, the Antioch process, foamed plaster process. Ceramic molding techniques are based on processes that employ permanent patterns and fine-grained zircon and calcined, high...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... associated with atoms, each atom can be considered to be the net scattering center corresponding to all of its electrons. The additional fact that the atoms are crystallographically arranged in a three-dimensional periodic array makes the summing problem mathematically tractable. The net result is that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Volume) Ion-scattering spectrometry (covered in Division 3, “Mass and Ion Spectrometry,” in this Volume) Contact angle, a surface-sensitive technique for single-layer atom detection and surface free-energy analysis White light interferometry, good for surface roughness analysis and three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... relates two-dimensional features, as seen on photographs or images, to the actual three-dimensional microstructure. Common measurements include grain size, inclusion rating, phase determination, and density of dislocations. E.E. Underwood has described the basic measurement techniques and their...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... cantilever, three-point bending, shear, compression, and tension). The mode of the analysis determines which type of modulus is evaluated (see Fig. 3 ) ( Ref 1 ). The shear mode determines shear modulus and is ideal for soft samples with a modulus range of 0.1 kPa to 5 GPa. In three-point bending mode, the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... engineers in determining both unknown and reproducible behavioral properties of polymer molecules. During the past three decades, the thermal analysis of polymers has progressed from a capability possessed by a few organizations to an essential characterization methodology for all organizations pursuing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Ultrasonic inspection is a nondestructive technique that is useful in both quality control and research applications for flaw detection in fiber-reinforced composite materials. This article describes ultrasonic nondestructive analysis by outlining its three basic types of scans. It...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... important feature of MIL-HDBK-790 is that it includes an appropriate method of characterizing fracture origin for construction of different databases. Fracture origins are characterized according to three parameters: Identity: nomenclature; spatial distribution (volume or surface) Location: bulk...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of introducing a three-dimensional stress state, which reduces the level of the maximum shear stress. For example, in the extreme case of hydrostatic tension (or compression) the shear stress in the body is zero. However, in metallic materials of engineering interest, plastic deformation occurs...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... a nearly three-dimensional view. If segregation of elements or alloy phases occurred in an alloy, fractography may sometimes detect the pattern of segregation as a departure from the normal arrangement of fracture features. The degree of success in identifying segregation will depend somewhat on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis ASTM E 1824 Standard Test Method for Assignment of a Glass Transition Temperature Using Thermomechanical Analysis: Tension Method ASTM E 2092 Standard Test Method for Distortion Temperature in Three-Point...