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thin layer activation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Friction and wear Interfaces, studied by fracture and/or profiling Segregation Diffusion Embrittlement Intercrystalline corrosion Sintering Adhesion Composites Thin films, studied by depth profiling Interdiffusion Ion implantation Reaction layers (oxides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... uniaxial creep testing uniaxial tensile testing THE TERM “THIN FILMS” is usually applied to metallic and nonmetallic layers of thickness of the order of microns or fractions of microns that are deposited on a variety of substrates. Their mechanical resistance is of particular interest, because high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... particularly important to use an edge-retaining mount, because edge rounding of the sample can occur during polishing in cases of differential polishing of the coating and the substrate or of sample tilting. For very thin or fragile coatings, the sample can be encapsulated with a thick protective layer prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... noble metals in order to increase the effectiveness per unit of noble metal. In this process, a carrier, usually particulate, is coated with a thin layer of up to 200 μm (8 mils) of catalytic material. The procedure involves placing the carrier in a rotating drum along with the catalytic material. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... composition of bulk samples, thin-film composition and layer thickness, impurity profiles, damage depth profile, and surface peak—as well as the various codes developed to simulate it. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry backscattering channel-energy conversion energy-depth conversion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... considerations such as roughness, thin sections, complex external geometry, and complex internal features left void or filled with unconsolidated powder can hinder the application of particular NDE techniques even in laboratory settings. Furthermore, material complexity such as strong anisotropy, rapid spatial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... application. Heavy-walled pipe cools at a slower rate than thin-walled pipe, which means that the coating cures faster on heavy-walled pipe. For FBE systems that cure quickly (30 s or so), the cool-down trend is not as important. For long-cure materials, it has a substantial effect. Cure curves (minimum time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... cleaning is required and when some protection by light residual oil film is desired. Because the solvent phase of the emulsion is a petroleum derivative, a thin film is left behind when the rest of the emulsion dries. This film protects ferrous parts from rust and can aid lubrication in applications such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sustained, which leaves a thin, dark oxide layer on the surfaces ( Fig. 3 ). Porosity observed on a component that has failed or suffered damage may be an indication of poor quality control but does require investigation to determine if it was related to the failure. In all such cases of nonfracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... form a surface skin, leaving an uncured liquid component below the surface. Where thicker coatings are desired, it is recommended that several thin layers be applied rather than one thick layer. The drying time for an alkyd coating varies depending on the oil length, oil type, and environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... Washcoat materials apply in a very thin layer, generally less than 13 μm ( 1 2 mil). Use of a tie coat: Most coating manufacturers market coatings that are specifically formulated to adhere both to the zinc-rich primer and a subsequently applied topcoat. This method is perhaps the best and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... 0.1 to 5.0%. Plastics that have strong intrinsic yellowish colors, such as impact-modified PS and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS), require the higher pigment concentrations. Thin parts also require higher concentrations of pigment, because they have little depth to develop a rich color...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... showing α-aluminum crystallites formed on a TiB 2 particle embedded in an amorphous Al 88 Y 8 Ni 5 Co 2 (at.%) matrix and annealed. The labeled crystallite sits on a (0001) ledge on the ( 10 1 ¯ 0 ) prismatic face of the hexagonal platelet particle that is coated with a thin layer of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... galvanized steel. Thin organic coatings (paints) are used more often for corrosion protection than any of the other coatings because the cost is low for the degree of protection afforded. A good paint system includes proper cleaning, a conversion coating, a primer, and a compatible top coat...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... production cost. Consequently, processes for production of thinner primary thicknesses are actively being pursued. It is anticipated that following thin-slab production will come processes for strip (5 to 20 mm, or 0.2 to 0.8 in.) and thin strip (<5 mm, or 0.2 in., thick). A strip casting plant has been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Painting is a generic term for the application of a thin organic coating to the surface of a material for decorative, protective, or functional purposes. This article provides a detailed account of the types and selection factors of paints and the various application methods, including...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... reaches a certain value. With proper treatment, this oxide film can be removed, and a very thin layer of platinum can be applied to the titanium (or tantalum) surface. Any unplatinized surface will reoxidize, leaving a surface that will pass current from the platinized areas but not from the oxidized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) approach enables essentially simultaneous examination of microstructural features through imaging from lower magnifications to atomic resolution and the acquisition of chemical and crystallographic information from small regions of the thin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... phase. k is the order of the interaction parameter (i.e., 0, 1, 2, …) (Eq 27). b = thickness of thin layer ( Eq 10 ) (m) c i = volume concentration of component i (mol/m 3 ) c s = concentration at the surface of semi-infinite solid ( Eq 11 ) (mol/m 3 ) c 0 = initial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... 350/350 0.8 1 Bias voltage, V ? 200 460–600 600/200 50 1000 Temperature, °C (°F) 450 (840) 550 (1020) 400–460 (750–860) 480 (900) 340–460 (645–860) 500 (930) Gas N 2 N 2 , H 2 N 2 N 2 N 2 , Ar N 2 AlN layer thickness, µm ≤5 3–5 2–8 ≤18 ≤10 Very thin...