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thermosetting polymers

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Image
Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 15 Schematic representation of the structure of a phenol formaldehyde. (a) Two phenol rings join with a formaldehyde molecule to form a linear chain polymer and molecular by-product. (b) Excess formaldehyde results in the formation of a network, thermosetting polymer due to cross-linking. More
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
malleability, coupled with a relatively low strength. (c) Bakelite (a thermosetting polymer) and Lucite (a thermoplastic) are not as “brittle” as Al 2 O 3 and silica glass, but they are not malleable materials at room temperature. (Bakelite is never so, but Lucite becomes ductile at a temperature above room More
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 2 Thermoset elastomers are long-chain polymers connected by cross links represented by circled Xs. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract A thermosetting resin, or thermoset, is a synthetic organic polymer that cures to a solid, infusible mass by forming a three-dimensional network of covalent chemical bonds. Significant applications include construction and thermoset engineering plastics. This article discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... In this classification, wear study is separated as elastomers, thermosets, glassy thermoplastics, and semicrystalline thermoplastics. The article describes the effects of environment and lubricant on the wear failures of polymers. It presents a case study on nylon as a tribological material. The article explains...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., coating, foams, etc.) that can be produced by appropriate processing. Thermoplastics and Thermosets One very important classification scheme is based on the response of the polymer to heat and solvents. There are two extreme types of response possible, leading to the classification of polymers...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... calorimetry engineering plastics glass transition temperatures rheological analysis thermal analysis thermal properties thermogravimetric analysis thermomechanical analysis thermoplastic polymers thermosetting polymers thermostat resin systems THERMAL ANALYSIS provides a powerful tool...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Abstract Abstract This article presents the mechanisms of polymer wear and quantifies wear in terms of wear rate (rate of removal of the material). Interfacial and bulk wear are discussed as well as a discussion on the wear study of "elastomers," "thermosets," "glassy thermoplastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-matrix composites and thermoset-matrix composites. The thermoplastic-matrix composites include thermoplastic polyester resins and fiber resin composites; thermoplastic polyamide resins and fiber-resin composites; and thermoplastic polysulfone resins and fiber-resin composites. polymer-matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... them good electrical insulators and poor thermal conductors. There are three categories of polymers: thermoplastics, thermosetting plastics, and elastomers. Thermoplastics have linear chain configurations where chains are joined by weak secondary bonds as described above. These materials often melt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Polymer matrices used for composite materials can be generally described as either thermoplastics or thermosets. Thermosets are polymer resins that crosslink and form a three-dimensional structure when cured. Once cured, the network structure is irreversible and cannot be reshaped or made to flow below...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... almost entirely rely on the matrix being a thermoset polymer. The main reason for the lack of widespread acceptance of thermoplastic matrices is that they tend to be more difficult to process into a composite than thermosets. However, this fact does not mean that there are no techniques to manufacture...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... themselves into an orderly structure. In general, simple polymers (with little or no side branching) crystallize very easily. Crystallization is inhibited in heavily cross-linked (thermoset) polymers and in polymers containing bulky side groups. There are three categories of polymers: thermoplastics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., they are extremely creep resistant over a wide range of loads, times, and temperatures. They resist fatigue failure as well. The predictable nature of acetal properties and good solvent resistance make these plastics ideal candidates to replace materials such as metals, thermosetting polymers, wood, and ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... to their specific material properties, including chemical inertness, self-lubricating behavior, and low mass density. The wear rate of the majority of polymers during dry friction against metals is quite low. Polymers are commonly divided into the following three groups: thermoplastic polymers, thermoset...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...Abstract Abstract Polymeric floor coatings refer to flooring materials composed of multicomponent thermoset resins formulated with various fillers and pigments that are installed in situ, usually over concrete substrates. Polymeric flooring systems, specified for all industrial and commercial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Open molding is the method used in the polymer-matrix composites industry to make thermoset composite products. This article discusses the advantages, disadvantages, and applications of the open molding. It describes the various process of the open molding, such as hand lay-up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., diamond plated, brazed diamond, diamond coated carbide, and polycrystalline cutting tools. The article also describes cutting tool materials that are used for peripheral milling, face milling, and the trimming of polymer-matrix composites. machining carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy epoxy thermoset...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on the reprocessing techniques themselves (as does the remainder of this article), it must be recognized that those techniques by themselves do not constitute “recycling.” Fig. 5 Flow chart for the recycling and reuse of materials The reprocessing of thermoset- and thermoplastic-matrix polymer...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to decompose, which activates the monomer and polyester to form cross-linked thermosetting polymers. Catalysts are only a small part of an SMC resin formulation. Generally, the addition of 0.3 to 1.5 wt% of catalytic agents will adequately promote the cross-linking reaction. Organic peroxides...