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thermoplastic-matrix carbon-fiber-reinforced composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... on the formation of spherulites in high-temperature thermoplastic-matrix carbon-fiber-reinforced composites. It also describes the microstructural analysis of a bio-based thermosetting-matrix natural fiber composite system. bio-based thermosetting-matrix natural fiber composites cooling-rate crystal growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Table 8 Physical properties and service characteristics of thermoset epoxy resin-matrix fiber- and fabric-reinforced composites Properties S-2 filament winding glass fiber composite Kevlar composite Carbon composite Graphite fiber composite Layup quartz fabric composite Specific gravity...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Ultimate tensile strength versus temperature for thermoset epoxy resin-matrix composites with carbon reinforcements Fig. 67 Thermal conductivity versus temperature for thermoset epoxy resin-matrix composites with graphite fiber reinforcements Fig. 68 Ultimate compressive strength versus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... composite matrices may contain an engineering thermoplastic in combination with a thermoset, thereby taking advantage of the different properties. Fig. 4 Crystallinity in thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composites. (a) Crystalline region in the center area of a woven carbon fabric composite cross...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article discusses the types, properties, and uses of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites, including glass, carbon, aramid, boron, continuous silicon carbide, and aluminum oxide fiber composites. While polyester and vinyl ester resins are the most used matrix materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... widely used, economical reinforcement in polymer-matrix composites is E-glass fiber. When higher stiffness and strength are required, carbon fibers and aramid fibers are employed. There are a wide variety of carbon fibers, differing primarily in the degree of graphitization, which affects modulus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (50 miles) of the plant at a cost equivalent to landfill charges in the United Kingdom. Recovered fiber was assumed to retail at 80% of the price of virgin chopped-glass strand, and recovered filler at the same price as calcium carbonate. Recycling of Thermoplastic-Matrix Composites...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and plain-weave carbon fabrics (Ref 14 , 15 , and 16 ). Neither PEEK nor PEKK appear to have been well characterized with carbon fabrics, that is, with respect to design properties. Properties of carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic-matrix composites (unidirectional carbon fiber tape reinforcement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , or in the matrix itself, as shown in Fig. 9 . Fig. 8 Fatigue striations in the resin beneath a carbon fiber that was pulled out of a carbon/epoxy (AS4/3501-6) laminate following mode I fatigue loading. 5000× Fig. 9 Fatigue striations in the resin of a carbon/fiber composite laminate that failed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and cured thermoset-matrix resins and prepregs. constituent materials chemical test physical test mechanical test reinforcement fibers reinforcement fabrics thermoset resin matrices thermoplastic resin matrices prepregs A COMPOSITE is composed of some form of reinforcement combined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... properties of carbon-reinforced composites (fiber type varies between materials) Reinforcement form Matrix type Matrix/raw material form Fiber volume fraction Modulus Strength Failure strain, % GPa 10 6 psi MPa ksi Thermoplastic composites Fabric PA 12 In situ polymerizable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... used in composites Table 1 Types of materials used in composites Fiber reinforcements Inorganic Glass Boron/tungsten wire Silicon carbide Organic Aramid (Kevlar) Carbon Graphite Matrix materials Resin Thermoplastic Polyester Polyamide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... techniques to determine the phases. Figure 1 shows a cross section of a carbon-fiber-reinforced composite that has a very small dispersed-rubber phase in the matrix. The phase size in this composite was near the resolution of optical microscopy, approximately 0.5 μm. A cross section of a multiphase-matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Boron-epoxy composites have been used in the sporting goods industry, and boron fibers have been used in MMCs because of their excellent mechanical properties, thermal stability, and reduced reactivity with the matrix (compared to carbon fibers). Boron fibers are produced as a rather large monofilament...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...) 45 , high-temperature thermoplastic-matrix carbon fiber composite. Bright-field illumination, 65 mm macrophotograph Fig. 2 Cross section of an impact-damaged carbon fiber composite that was mounted with Rhodamine-B-dyed epoxy casting resin. The use of epi-bright-field illumination does...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... application of fluorescence is to observe microcracks that remain obscure with any other type of microscopy. It is common that hermosetting carbon fiber composites and thermoplastic-matrix composite materials have microcracks that cannot be observed with bright- and dark-field illumination or polarized light...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is essential. This is accomplished by selecting an amorphous polymer that is compatible with the composite matrix resin, and/or by migration of some of the fibers from the surface of the laminate into the amorphous layer. Several aircraft companies are evaluating the dual-resin system on thermoplastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...-reinforced thermoplastic-matrix PMC had the lowest total life cycle environmental burden compared to steel, aluminum, or magnesium. This was despite the fact that carbon-fiber PMC has higher initial costs and energy burdens to produce the material. But, when taking into account life cycle energy use...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... direction, it showed a tendency to be peeled from the surface due to poor wetting to the matrix ( Fig. 19c ). Fig. 19 Scanning electron microscope micrographs of worn surfaces of PA66 unidirectional composites. (a) Carbon fiber (parallel, P) showing fiber thinning, fiber fracture, fiber pulverization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... greater care because dull tools or incorrect feeds can cause heat damage or delaminations. Drilling is complicated by the abrasive nature of carbon fibers that can result in accelerated tool wear and splintering of the surface plies. During assembly, composites will tend to delaminate if excessive force...